2 Abstinence Abstinence is not having sex People choose abstinence for many reasonsThey feel they are too youngThey want to waitDon’t want to risk getting pregnant or getting an STDThey are not ready to have sexReligious or moral reasonHaven’t met the right personAfraid of how family and friends will view them………and many more
3 Effectiveness of Abstinence The only 100% effective in preventing pregnancyCouples view abstinence in different ways;No sexual touching at allEverything except intercourse
4 Advantages 0% chance of getting pregnant Protects you from STDs and HIVYou don’t have to go to a doctor or clinicYou don’t need to buy devices or remember to take anythingAllows the relationship to grow w/o the pressures having sex can bring
5 DisadvantagesChallenges and dealing with the pressures of remaining abstinent
6 Birth Control Pills (Hormonal Method) Pills can be taken to prevent pregnancyPills are safe and effective when taken properlyPills are over 99% effectiveWomen must have a pap smear to get a prescription for birth control pills
7 How does the pill work? Stops ovulation Thins uterine lining Thickens cervical mucus
8 Positive Benefits of Birth Control Pills Prevents pregnancyEases menstrual crampsShortens periodRegulates periodDecreases incidence of ovarian cystsPrevents ovarian and uterine cancerDecreases acne
9 Side-effects Breast tenderness Nausea Increase in headaches Moodiness Weight changeSpotting
10 Taking the Pill Once a day at the same time everyday Use condoms for first monthUse condoms when on antibioticsUse condoms for 1 week if you miss a pill or take one lateThe pill offers no protection from STD’s
11 SpermicidesContraceptive foam, gels, suppositories, and film contain chemicals that kill sperm.They are inserted into the vagina before intercourse and should be used with a condom.75%-80% effective if used alone98% effective if used with condom
12 Spermicides-Side Effects Allergic reactionBurning or irritation
13 MALE CONDOM (Barrier Method) Perfect effectiveness rate = 97%Typical effectiveness rate = 88%Latex and polyurethane condoms are availableCombining condoms with spermicides raises effectiveness levels to 99%
14 MALE CONDOMThin membrane made of latex, polyurethane or sheepskin that fits over the erect penis to catch semen when the male ejaculates.Condoms protect against some STDs and unwanted pregnancy.Have a reservoir tip to collect semen at ejaculation
15 DIAPHRAGM (Barrier Method) Prevents pregnancy blocks the egg and sperm from meetingBarrier methods have higher failure rates than hormonal methods due to design and human errorDiaphragms require a doctor visit to be properly fitted
16 FEMALE CONDOM (Barrier Method) Made as an alternative to male condomsPolyurethanePhysically insertedin the vaginaPerfect rate = 95%Typical rate = 79%Woman can use female condom if partner refuses to use a condom
17 Depo-Provera (Hormonal Method) Birth control shot given once every three months to prevent pregnancy99.7% effective preventing pregnancyNo daily pills to remember
18 How does the shot work? Stops ovulation Stops menstrual cycles Thickens cervical mucus
19 SIDE EFFECTS NO PERIOD after 3-6 months Extremely irregular menstrual bleeding and spotting for 3-6 months!NO PERIOD after 3-6 monthsWeight changeBreast tendernessMood change*NOT EVERY WOMAN HAS SIDE-EFFECTS!
20 NuvaRing (Hormonal Method) Flexible contraceptive vaginal ring that contains the hormones estrogen and progesterone.The ring releases a continuous low dose of hormones that stops the ovaries from releasing an egg each month.
21 NuvaRingInsert the ring in the vagina and leave it there for three weeksRemove the ring for one-week ring-free period, on the same day of the week at about the same time. During the one-week break, you will usually have your menstrual period.
22 Side effectsPossible side effects are the same as birth control pills.They may include breast tenderness, headache, nausea, and spotting. Most side effects are not serious and often go away.Women who use hormonal contraception should not smoke
23 The Patch (Hormonal Method) Transdermal contraceptive patch that contains estrogen and progesteroneThe patch is thin, beige, flexible , two inch square that is worn on the body.The increased hormone level caused by the patch stops the ovaries from releasing an egg each month
24 How it works 99% effective Apply patch one week on the same day each week for three weeksCan wear it on hip/lower back, abdomen, torso, or on the outside of your upper armDuring week four do not wear the patch(your period will begin)
25 Side effects Breast tenderness Headache Skin irritation Nausea Increases blood clot
26 IUD (intrauterine device) IUDs are a flexible object inserted into the uterus, it has a nylon thread that extends through the cervix for removal and so the woman can check to be sure it is still in placeIUDs are always in place an do not interfere with sexThey are a good option for women who cannot tolerate hormones
27 How they work IUDs with copper act as a spermicide (99% effective) IUDs with out copper have a synthetic hormone that thicken the cervical mucus so sperm cannot enter the uterus(97.8% effective)
28 Side Effects During insertion uterine perforations may occur Uterine cramping may increaseMay cause a heavier menstrual flowIUD may be expelledMay increase risk of PID (pelvic inflammatory disease
29 Emergency Contraception What is it? Emergency contraception (EC) is a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. It can be started up to five days (120 hours) after unprotected intercourse.
30 How does it work?The hormones in the morning after pill work by keeping a woman's ovaries from releasing eggs — ovulation. Pregnancy cannot happen if there is no egg to join with sperm. The hormones in the morning after pill also prevent pregnancy by thickening a woman's cervical mucus. The mucus blocks sperm and keeps it from joining with an egg.
31 How do I take it? Taken within a 72 hour period it is 89% effective If taken after 72 hours it is 75% effectiveCan be taken up to 5 days after intercourse but is more effective if taken with in 24 hoursPlan B can be taken in one dose or two doses. If you take it in two doses, take the second pill 12 hours after the first pill. Or simply take them both at the same time. It's your choice.When you take birth control pills as emergency contraception, you must take the pills in two doses, 12 hours apart. The number of pills in each dose depends on the brand of the pill. You must use the same brand of pill for each dose.
32 When should it be used?The condom broke or slipped off, and he ejaculated in your vagina.You forgot to take your birth control pills, insert your ring, or apply your patch.Your diaphragm or cap slipped out of place, and he ejaculated inside your vagina.You miscalculated your "safe" days.You weren't using any birth control.You were forced to have unprotected vaginal sex, or were raped.
33 Emergency Contraception Plan B is available from drugstores and health centers without a prescription for women and men 17 and older.If you are interested in getting Plan B and are 17 or older, you can either get it directly from a Planned Parenthood health center or from your local drugstore.If you are younger than 17, you'll need to go to a health center or private health care provider for a prescription.
34 Natural Family Planning & Fertility Awareness Method Women take a class on the menstrual cycle to calculate more fertile timesRequires special equipment and cannot be self-taughtNFP abstains from sex during the calculated fertile timeFAM uses barrier methods during fertile timePerfect effectiveness rate = 91%Typical effectiveness rate = 75%No 100% safe day-irregular periods