Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Birth Control & Family Planning

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Birth Control & Family Planning"— Presentation transcript:

1 Birth Control & Family Planning

2 Abstinence Abstinence is not having sex
People choose abstinence for many reasons They feel they are too young They want to wait Don’t want to risk getting pregnant or getting an STD They are not ready to have sex Religious or moral reason Haven’t met the right person Afraid of how family and friends will view them ………and many more

3 Effectiveness of Abstinence
The only 100% effective in preventing pregnancy Couples view abstinence in different ways; No sexual touching at all Everything except intercourse

4 Advantages 0% chance of getting pregnant
Protects you from STDs and HIV You don’t have to go to a doctor or clinic You don’t need to buy devices or remember to take anything Allows the relationship to grow w/o the pressures having sex can bring

5 Disadvantages Challenges and dealing with the pressures of remaining abstinent

6 Birth Control Pills (Hormonal Method)
Pills can be taken to prevent pregnancy Pills are safe and effective when taken properly Pills are over 99% effective Women must have a pap smear to get a prescription for birth control pills

7 How does the pill work? Stops ovulation Thins uterine lining
Thickens cervical mucus

8 Positive Benefits of Birth Control Pills
Prevents pregnancy Eases menstrual cramps Shortens period Regulates period Decreases incidence of ovarian cysts Prevents ovarian and uterine cancer Decreases acne

9 Side-effects Breast tenderness Nausea Increase in headaches Moodiness
Weight change Spotting

10 Taking the Pill Once a day at the same time everyday
Use condoms for first month Use condoms when on antibiotics Use condoms for 1 week if you miss a pill or take one late The pill offers no protection from STD’s

11 Spermicides Contraceptive foam, gels, suppositories, and film contain chemicals that kill sperm. They are inserted into the vagina before intercourse and should be used with a condom. 75%-80% effective if used alone 98% effective if used with condom

12 Spermicides-Side Effects
Allergic reaction Burning or irritation

13 MALE CONDOM (Barrier Method)
Perfect effectiveness rate = 97% Typical effectiveness rate = 88% Latex and polyurethane condoms are available Combining condoms with spermicides raises effectiveness levels to 99%

14 MALE CONDOM Thin membrane made of latex, polyurethane or sheepskin that fits over the erect penis to catch semen when the male ejaculates. Condoms protect against some STDs and unwanted pregnancy. Have a reservoir tip to collect semen at ejaculation

15 DIAPHRAGM (Barrier Method)
Prevents pregnancy blocks the egg and sperm from meeting Barrier methods have higher failure rates than hormonal methods due to design and human error Diaphragms require a doctor visit to be properly fitted

16 FEMALE CONDOM (Barrier Method)
Made as an alternative to male condoms Polyurethane Physically inserted in the vagina Perfect rate = 95% Typical rate = 79% Woman can use female condom if partner refuses to use a condom

17 Depo-Provera (Hormonal Method)
Birth control shot given once every three months to prevent pregnancy 99.7% effective preventing pregnancy No daily pills to remember

18 How does the shot work? Stops ovulation Stops menstrual cycles
Thickens cervical mucus

19 SIDE EFFECTS NO PERIOD after 3-6 months
Extremely irregular menstrual bleeding and spotting for 3-6 months! NO PERIOD after 3-6 months Weight change Breast tenderness Mood change *NOT EVERY WOMAN HAS SIDE-EFFECTS!

20 NuvaRing (Hormonal Method)
Flexible contraceptive vaginal ring that contains the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The ring releases a continuous low dose of hormones that stops the ovaries from releasing an egg each month.

21 NuvaRing Insert the ring in the vagina and leave it there for three weeks Remove the ring for one-week ring-free period, on the same day of the week at about the same time. During the one-week break, you will usually have your menstrual period.

22 Side effects Possible side effects are the same as birth control pills. They may include breast tenderness, headache, nausea, and spotting. Most side effects are not serious and often go away. Women who use hormonal contraception should not smoke

23 The Patch (Hormonal Method)
Transdermal contraceptive patch that contains estrogen and progesterone The patch is thin, beige, flexible , two inch square that is worn on the body. The increased hormone level caused by the patch stops the ovaries from releasing an egg each month

24 How it works 99% effective
Apply patch one week on the same day each week for three weeks Can wear it on hip/lower back, abdomen, torso, or on the outside of your upper arm During week four do not wear the patch(your period will begin)

25 Side effects Breast tenderness Headache Skin irritation Nausea
Increases blood clot

26 IUD (intrauterine device)
IUDs are a flexible object inserted into the uterus, it has a nylon thread that extends through the cervix for removal and so the woman can check to be sure it is still in place IUDs are always in place an do not interfere with sex They are a good option for women who cannot tolerate hormones

27 How they work IUDs with copper act as a spermicide (99% effective)
IUDs with out copper have a synthetic hormone that thicken the cervical mucus so sperm cannot enter the uterus (97.8% effective)

28 Side Effects During insertion uterine perforations may occur
Uterine cramping may increase May cause a heavier menstrual flow IUD may be expelled May increase risk of PID (pelvic inflammatory disease

29 Emergency Contraception What is it?
Emergency contraception (EC) is a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. It can be started up to five days (120 hours) after unprotected intercourse.

30 How does it work? The hormones in the morning after pill work by keeping a woman's ovaries from releasing eggs — ovulation. Pregnancy cannot happen if there is no egg to join with sperm. The hormones in the morning after pill also prevent pregnancy by thickening a woman's cervical mucus. The mucus blocks sperm and keeps it from joining with an egg.

31 How do I take it? Taken within a 72 hour period it is 89% effective
If taken after 72 hours it is 75% effective Can be taken up to 5 days after intercourse but is more effective if taken with in 24 hours Plan B can be taken in one dose or two doses. If you take it in two doses, take the second pill 12 hours after the first pill. Or simply take them both at the same time. It's your choice. When you take birth control pills as emergency contraception, you must take the pills in two doses, 12 hours apart. The number of pills in each dose depends on the brand of the pill. You must use the same brand of pill for each dose.

32 When should it be used? The condom broke or slipped off, and he ejaculated in your vagina. You forgot to take your birth control pills, insert your ring, or apply your patch. Your diaphragm or cap slipped out of place, and he ejaculated inside your vagina. You miscalculated your "safe" days. You weren't using any birth control. You were forced to have unprotected vaginal sex, or were raped.

33 Emergency Contraception
Plan B is available from drugstores and health centers without a prescription for women and men 17 and older. If you are interested in getting Plan B and are 17 or older, you can either get it directly from a Planned Parenthood health center or from your local drugstore. If you are younger than 17, you'll need to go to a health center or private health care provider for a prescription.

34 Natural Family Planning & Fertility Awareness Method
Women take a class on the menstrual cycle to calculate more fertile times Requires special equipment and cannot be self-taught NFP abstains from sex during the calculated fertile time FAM uses barrier methods during fertile time Perfect effectiveness rate = 91% Typical effectiveness rate = 75% No 100% safe day-irregular periods


Download ppt "Birth Control & Family Planning"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google