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Christopher W. Ashcraft, M.S. God spoke the cosmos into existence. And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. Genesis 1:3 By the word of.

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Presentation on theme: "Christopher W. Ashcraft, M.S. God spoke the cosmos into existence. And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. Genesis 1:3 By the word of."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Christopher W. Ashcraft, M.S.

3 God spoke the cosmos into existence. And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. Genesis 1:3 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made, their starry host by the breath of his mouth. Psalm 33:6 The Creation

4 Created To Be Studied u The Earth is the perfect distance from the sun u Our moon is just the right size and distance from Earth. u Our moons gravity stabilizes the Earths rotation. u Our position in our galaxy is just so. u Our sun is its precise mass and composition. u Our atmosphere is clear allowing investigation of the cosmos. All of these factors (and many more), are not only necessary for Earths habitability; they also have been surprisingly crucial for scientists to measure and make discoveries about the universe. u The Earth is the perfect distance from the sun u Our moon is just the right size and distance from Earth. u Our moons gravity stabilizes the Earths rotation. u Our position in our galaxy is just so. u Our sun is its precise mass and composition. u Our atmosphere is clear allowing investigation of the cosmos. All of these factors (and many more), are not only necessary for Earths habitability; they also have been surprisingly crucial for scientists to measure and make discoveries about the universe.

5 Electron Microscope

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8 Plankton

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10 Diatom E. radiatus 20µm

11 Diatom Diploneis sp 20µm

12 Diatom M. varians 20µm

13 Coccolith E. huxleyi

14 Pollen

15 Morning glory I. purpurea 20µm

16 Hollyhock S. malviflora 20µm

17 Lily L. auratum 20µm

18 Arctic Krill

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20 800X SEM

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23 Cilia 5µm

24 25 nm

25 65,000X

26 The Creation Declares For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualitieshis eternal power and divine naturehave been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. Romans 1:20 For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualitieshis eternal power and divine naturehave been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. Romans 1:20

27 The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands. The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands. The Creation Declares Psalm 19:1

28 Science Creationist Heritage u Louis Agassiz ( ) Glaciology u Charles Babbage ( ) u Francis Bacon ( ) Scientific Method u Edward Blyth ( ) u Robert Boyle ( ) Chemistry u Tycho Brahe ( ) u David Brewster ( ) u George Washington Carver ( ) u William Conybeare ( ) u Nicolas Copernicus ( ) Astronomy u Georges Curvier ( ) u Humphry Davy ( ) u Henri Fabre ( ) Entomology u Michael Faraday ( ) Electro-magnetism u John Ambrose Fleming ( ) u Galileo Galilei ( ) u Joseph Henry ( ) u William Herschel ( ) u James Joule ( ) Joules Law u Lord Kelvin Calvin Thompson ( ) u Johannes Kepler ( ) Laws of planetary motion u Carolus Linnaeus ( ) Taxonomy u Louis Agassiz ( ) Glaciology u Charles Babbage ( ) u Francis Bacon ( ) Scientific Method u Edward Blyth ( ) u Robert Boyle ( ) Chemistry u Tycho Brahe ( ) u David Brewster ( ) u George Washington Carver ( ) u William Conybeare ( ) u Nicolas Copernicus ( ) Astronomy u Georges Curvier ( ) u Humphry Davy ( ) u Henri Fabre ( ) Entomology u Michael Faraday ( ) Electro-magnetism u John Ambrose Fleming ( ) u Galileo Galilei ( ) u Joseph Henry ( ) u William Herschel ( ) u James Joule ( ) Joules Law u Lord Kelvin Calvin Thompson ( ) u Johannes Kepler ( ) Laws of planetary motion u Carolus Linnaeus ( ) Taxonomy u Joseph Lister ( ) u Matthew Maury ( ) u James Clerk Maxwell ( ) u Gregor Mendel ( ) Genetics u Robert Millikan ( ) Nobel Prize u Samuel Morse ( ) u Isaac Newton ( ) Laws of Motion u Blaise Pascal ( ) u Louis Pasteur ( ) Microbiology u John Ray ( ) u Lord Rayleigh ( ) Nobel Prize u William Ramsay ( ) u Francesco Redi ( ) u Bernhard Riemann ( ) u Adam Sedgwick (1785–1873) Geology u Benjamin Silliman ( ) u James Simpson ( ) u Lazzaro Spallanzani ( ) u Nicolaus Steno ( ) Stratigraphy u William Whewell (1794–1866) u John Woodward ( ) u Rudolph Virchow ( )

29 When I look at the solar system, I see the earth at the right distance from the sun to receive the proper amounts of heat and light. This did not happen by chance. This most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets, could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent Being. When I look at the solar system, I see the earth at the right distance from the sun to receive the proper amounts of heat and light. This did not happen by chance. This most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets, could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent Being. Who said this? Sir Isaac Newton

30 Twenty seven of the 56 founding fathers of the U.S. had Christian seminary degrees. 106 of the first 108 schools in America were founded by Christians. U.S. Christian Heritage

31 March 31, 2007

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33 Newsweek March 2007

34 USA TODAY - Gallup Poll results June 2007

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38 Discrimination of Creationists 1997, the American Civil Liberties Union threatened to sue the Burlington-Edison School District because Dehart was introducing evidence of intelligent design in his biology class. In response to the threats of impending lawsuit, the district took away the biology classes from his teaching load, and he was reassigned to earth sciences. Roger DeHart Featured in video: Icons of Evolution Featured in video: Icons of Evolution

39 Discrimination of Creationists 2003, Division Head of the Dept of Science and Mathematics at Mississippi University for Women was asked to resign the morning following a seminar to an Honors Forum titledCritical Thinking on Evolution. When she refused, she was presented with a non-renewal notice Nancy Bryson

40 Discrimination of Creationists u 2005, faculty at Iowa State campaigned against Gonzales following the publication of The Privileged Planet. u 2007, because of his views on intelligent design he was denied tenure, although he exceeds the qualifications for tenure by 350%. u 2005, faculty at Iowa State campaigned against Gonzales following the publication of The Privileged Planet. u 2007, because of his views on intelligent design he was denied tenure, although he exceeds the qualifications for tenure by 350%. Guillermo Gonzalez

41 Discrimination of Creationists The Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board administers the state's student financial aid programs and provides strategic planning, coordination, monitoring, and policy analysis for higher education in Washington. The Future Teachers Conditional Scholarship and Loan Repayment program is designed to encourage outstanding students and paraprofessionals to become teachers, and to encourage current teachers to obtain additional endorsements in teacher shortage subjects. To be eligible for this program, you must meet the following criteria: u Be a resident student of Washington state; u Plan to complete an approved program leading to a residency teacher certificate or an additional shortage subject endorsement; u Plan to be employed as a certificated classroom teacher in Washington K-12 public schools; u Plan to attend an eligible college at least half-time; u You must not be pursuing or planning to pursue a degree in theology; u Submit a complete application to us by the October 12, 2007 deadline. The Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board administers the state's student financial aid programs and provides strategic planning, coordination, monitoring, and policy analysis for higher education in Washington. The Future Teachers Conditional Scholarship and Loan Repayment program is designed to encourage outstanding students and paraprofessionals to become teachers, and to encourage current teachers to obtain additional endorsements in teacher shortage subjects. To be eligible for this program, you must meet the following criteria: u Be a resident student of Washington state; u Plan to complete an approved program leading to a residency teacher certificate or an additional shortage subject endorsement; u Plan to be employed as a certificated classroom teacher in Washington K-12 public schools; u Plan to attend an eligible college at least half-time; u You must not be pursuing or planning to pursue a degree in theology; u Submit a complete application to us by the October 12, 2007 deadline.

42 Discrimination of Creationists Overlooked for a Nobel Prize for his invention of the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance device (NMR). Smithsonian Magazine: But it is difficult not to at least consider another explanation: that scientists on the assembly or in other positions of influence could not abide Damadians staunch support for "creationist science. Prize Fight Overlooked for a Nobel Prize for his invention of the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance device (NMR). Smithsonian Magazine: But it is difficult not to at least consider another explanation: that scientists on the assembly or in other positions of influence could not abide Damadians staunch support for "creationist science. Prize Fight Raymond Damadian

43 War of Worldviews u Atheism vs. Theism u Naturalism vs. Supernaturalism u Evolution vs. Creation u Atheism vs. Theism u Naturalism vs. Supernaturalism u Evolution vs. Creation

44 Beliefs of Scientists 1916 James H. Leuba performed a landmark survey in which he found that 58% of 1,000 randomly selected US scientists expressed disbelief or doubt in the existence of God, and near 70% among greater scientists. Leuba, J. H. The Belief in God and Immortality: A Psychological, Anthropological and Statistical Study (Sherman, French & Co., Boston, 1916) James H. Leuba performed a landmark survey in which he found that 58% of 1,000 randomly selected US scientists expressed disbelief or doubt in the existence of God, and near 70% among greater scientists. Leuba, J. H. The Belief in God and Immortality: A Psychological, Anthropological and Statistical Study (Sherman, French & Co., Boston, 1916).

45 Beliefs of Scientists 1934 Leuba repeated his survey in somewhat different form, and found that these percentages had increased to 67 and 85, respectively. Leuba, J. H. Harpers Magazine 169, 291–300 (1934) Leuba repeated his survey in somewhat different form, and found that these percentages had increased to 67 and 85, respectively. Leuba, J. H. Harpers Magazine 169, 291–300 (1934).

46 Beliefs of Scientists 1996 Edward J. Larson reproduced Leubas survey as exactly as possible, and found that the beliefs of scientists remained unchanged Edward J. Larson reproduced Leubas survey as exactly as possible, and found that the beliefs of scientists remained unchanged. Edward Larson. Professor of Law at Pepperdine University

47 Larson, E. J. & Witham, L. Scientists Are Still Keeping the Faith. Nature 386, 435–436 (1997).

48 Beliefs of Scientists

49 1998 Larson found that: "among the top natural scientists, disbelief is greater than ever; almost total". n Mathematicians had the highest rate of belief % n Biologists had the lowest rate of belief - 5.5% Larson, E. J. & Witham, L. Leading Scientists Still Reject God. Nature Vol. 394:6691 (1998) 1998 Larson found that: "among the top natural scientists, disbelief is greater than ever; almost total". n Mathematicians had the highest rate of belief % n Biologists had the lowest rate of belief - 5.5% Larson, E. J. & Witham, L. Leading Scientists Still Reject God. Nature Vol. 394:6691 (1998)

50 National Academy of Sciences u As mandated in its Act of Incorporation, the NAS has, since 1863, served to "investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art" whenever called upon to do so by any department of the government. u advice on the scientific and technological issues that frequently pervade policy decisions. u As mandated in its Act of Incorporation, the NAS has, since 1863, served to "investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art" whenever called upon to do so by any department of the government. u advice on the scientific and technological issues that frequently pervade policy decisions.

51 National Academy of Sciences Teaching about Evolution and the Nature of Science. National Academy Press,

52 Creationist Response Facts do not speak for themselves, but must be interpreted according to a framework. The leading evolutionists are biased towards naturalism, to the extent that many are outspoken atheists. This is especially true of the National Academy of Science, the producers of Teaching about Evolution. A Response to the NAS book Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science by Jonathan Sarfati A Response to the NAS book Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science by Jonathan Sarfati

53 Perhaps an even more pervasive theme in this booklet is how the NAS sees the nature of doing science. "Science differs from religion because it is the nature of science to test and retest explanations against the natural world". Science relies solely on naturalistic explanations and thus excludes so-called creation science and intelligent- design concepts. Popperian falsification is affirmed as the norm for science and as satisfied for the theory of evolution. Indeed, the booklet stresses, scientists use the word "theory" so rigorously that when applied to the occurrence of evolution it means fact. Throughout this booklet, science is presented as a cumulative enterprise leading progressively to better understanding of nature and its uses-an enterprise that students can one day participate in if only their teachers show them the way. These teachers should be evangelists for science. This booklet offers encouragement and tools for that missionary activity. Evangelists for Science. Review by Edward J. Larson. Isis, Vol. 90, No. 3. (Sep., 1999), pp

54 u God created trees mature with fruit u God created mature animals u God created Adam mature u Instant learning of language (Tower of Babel) u Jesus fed the 5,000 u Jesus turned water into wine u Jesus withered the fig tree (Matt 21:18-19) u Instant healing of soldiers ear (Luke 22:51) u God created trees mature with fruit u God created mature animals u God created Adam mature u Instant learning of language (Tower of Babel) u Jesus fed the 5,000 u Jesus turned water into wine u Jesus withered the fig tree (Matt 21:18-19) u Instant healing of soldiers ear (Luke 22:51) Supernatural History

55 National Academy of Sciences Science and Creationism: A View from the National Academy of Sciences Publisher Description While the mechanisms of evolution are still under investigation, scientists universally accept that the cosmos, our planet, and life evolved and continue to evolve. Yet the teaching of evolution to schoolchildren is still contentious. In Science and Creationism, The National Academy of Sciences states unequivocally that creationism has no place in any science curriculum at any level. Briefly and clearly, this booklet explores the nature of science, reviews the evidence for the origin of the universe and earth, and explains the current scientific understanding of biological evolution. This edition includes new insights from astronomy and molecular biology. Attractive in presentation and authoritative in content, Science and Creationism will be useful to anyone concerned about America's scientific literacy: education policymakers, school boards and administrators, curriculum designers, librarians, teachers, parents, and students. Publisher Description While the mechanisms of evolution are still under investigation, scientists universally accept that the cosmos, our planet, and life evolved and continue to evolve. Yet the teaching of evolution to schoolchildren is still contentious. In Science and Creationism, The National Academy of Sciences states unequivocally that creationism has no place in any science curriculum at any level. Briefly and clearly, this booklet explores the nature of science, reviews the evidence for the origin of the universe and earth, and explains the current scientific understanding of biological evolution. This edition includes new insights from astronomy and molecular biology. Attractive in presentation and authoritative in content, Science and Creationism will be useful to anyone concerned about America's scientific literacy: education policymakers, school boards and administrators, curriculum designers, librarians, teachers, parents, and students.

56 First of all you must understand this, that scoffers will come in the last days with scoffing, following their own passions and saying, "Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since the fathers fell asleep, all things have continued as they were from the beginning." They deliberately ignore this fact, that by the word of God heavens existed long ago, and an earth formed out of water and by means of water, through which the world that then existed was deluged with water and perished. 2 Peter 3:3-6 First of all you must understand this, that scoffers will come in the last days with scoffing, following their own passions and saying, "Where is the promise of his coming? For ever since the fathers fell asleep, all things have continued as they were from the beginning." They deliberately ignore this fact, that by the word of God heavens existed long ago, and an earth formed out of water and by means of water, through which the world that then existed was deluged with water and perished. 2 Peter 3:3-6

57 U.S. Secularization Church / Christians are uninvolved in: Politics Education 501c3 tax law provision: –May have no substantial part in attempting to influence legislation. –Banned from participating in any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office (1954) (or in opposition to ). Church / Christians are uninvolved in: Politics Education 501c3 tax law provision: –May have no substantial part in attempting to influence legislation. –Banned from participating in any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office (1954) (or in opposition to ).

58 Harvard University - 10 of the first 12 presidents of Harvard were ministers, and over 50% of the 17th Century Harvard graduates became ministers.Harvard University Princeton University - was founded by the Presbyterian Church. Until 1902, every president of Princeton was a minister.Princeton University Yale University - was founded by 10 ministers. The primary goal was that: "Every student shall consider the main end of his study to wit to know God in Jesus Christ and answerable to lead a Godly, sober life."Yale University Christian Education Heritage

59 Private elementary and secondary school enrollment and as a percentage of total enrollment in public and private schools. (U.S. Department of Education)

60 God created man pretty much in his present form at one time within the last 10,000 years. College graduates - 25% No high school diploma - 65% Beliefs of Students Man has developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process, including man's creation. College graduates - 54% No high school diploma - 23% Gallup Poll results 1991

61 Higher Education Research Institute After three years in college, the number of students who frequently attend religious services drops by 23 percent. 36 percent rate their spirituality lower after three years in college. Comparing the responses of freshmen who checked the "born again" category with the answers they gave four years later, 59 percent no longer describe themselves as "born again. Beliefs of Students

62 Christian young people: n have few Christian scholars in their lives. n are not properly equipped with sound education in apologetics and worldviews. n are not prepared to receive an education from university scholars that hold to a secular worldview. Christian young people: n have few Christian scholars in their lives. n are not properly equipped with sound education in apologetics and worldviews. n are not prepared to receive an education from university scholars that hold to a secular worldview.

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64 Education The purpose of education: Godly purpose Worldly purpose The value of education: Benefit Cost The purpose of education: Godly purpose Worldly purpose The value of education: Benefit Cost

65 mind Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. Matthew 22:37 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your m mm mind. Matthew 22:37

66 Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. 1 Peter 3:15 Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. 1 Peter 3:15

67 Worldviews Biblical God created the universe God created life – human beings Universe is young Biblical God created the universe God created life – human beings Universe is young Secular Big Bang origin of the universe Life formed via natural processes Universe 12 – 15 billion years old Secular Big Bang origin of the universe Life formed via natural processes Universe 12 – 15 billion years old

68 Creation Apologetics Creation Science: u Creation Biology u Creation Astronomy / Cosmology u Creation Geology u Biblical Archaeology Creation Science: u Creation Biology u Creation Astronomy / Cosmology u Creation Geology u Biblical Archaeology

69 Creationist Organizations n Creation Research Society creationresearch.org n Institute for Creation Research icr.org n Answers in Genesis answersingenesis.org n Creation Ministries International creationontheweb.com n Northwest Creation Network nwcreation.net n Discovery Institute discovery.org n Creation Research Society creationresearch.org n Institute for Creation Research icr.org n Answers in Genesis answersingenesis.org n Creation Ministries International creationontheweb.com n Northwest Creation Network nwcreation.net n Discovery Institute discovery.org

70 Danny FaulknerPh.D. Astronomy John BylPh.D. Astronomy Tom GreenePh.D. Astronomy Dave HarrisonPh.D. Astrophysics James DirePh.D. Astrophysics Jason LislePh.D. Astrophysics John RankinPh.D. Mathematical Physics Keith WanserPh.D. Condensed Matter Physics Russell HumphreysPh.D. Physics Barbara HelmkampPh.D. Physics Don DeYoungPh.D. Physics Robert GentryPh.D. Physics Eugene ChaffinPh.D. Nuclear Physics Ron SamecPh.D. Physics John CimbalaPh.D. Aeronautics Andrew McIntoshPh.D. Combustion Theory Hee-Choon NoPh.D. Nuclear Engineering Jay WilePh.D. Nuclear Chemistry Danny FaulknerPh.D. Astronomy John BylPh.D. Astronomy Tom GreenePh.D. Astronomy Dave HarrisonPh.D. Astrophysics James DirePh.D. Astrophysics Jason LislePh.D. Astrophysics John RankinPh.D. Mathematical Physics Keith WanserPh.D. Condensed Matter Physics Russell HumphreysPh.D. Physics Barbara HelmkampPh.D. Physics Don DeYoungPh.D. Physics Robert GentryPh.D. Physics Eugene ChaffinPh.D. Nuclear Physics Ron SamecPh.D. Physics John CimbalaPh.D. Aeronautics Andrew McIntoshPh.D. Combustion Theory Hee-Choon NoPh.D. Nuclear Engineering Jay WilePh.D. Nuclear Chemistry Creation Scientists

71 Creation Research The RATE Group – exploring radioisotope dating

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73 Parable of the Talents Matthew 25:14-30 "Again, it will be like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted his property to them. To one he gave five talents of money, to another two talents, and to another one talent, each according to his ability. Then he went on his journey. The man who had received the five talents went at once and put his money to work and gained five more. So also, the one with the two talents gained two more. But the man who had received the one talent went off, dug a hole in the ground and hid his master's money. "After a long time the master of those servants returned and settled accounts with them.

74 Parable of the Talents The man who had received the five talents brought the other five. 'Master,' he said, 'you entrusted me with five talents. See, I have gained five more.' "His master replied, 'Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master's happiness! "The man with the two talents also came. 'Master,' he said, 'you entrusted me with two talents; see, I have gained two more.' "His master replied, 'Well done, good and faithful servant! You have been faithful with a few things; I will put you in charge of many things. Come and share your master's happiness!'

75 Parable of the Talents "Then the man who had received the one talent came. 'Master,' he said, 'I knew that you are a hard man, harvesting where you have not sown and gathering where you have not scattered seed. So I was afraid and went out and hid your talent in the ground. See, here is what belongs to you.' "His master replied, 'You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I have not sown and gather where I have not scattered seed? Well then, you should have put my money on deposit with the bankers, so that when I returned I would have received it back with interest. " 'Take the talent from him and give it to the one who has the ten talents. For everyone who has will be given more, and he will have an abundance. Whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken from him. And throw that worthless servant outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'

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