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S S E E E E TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED DUCATIONAL DIFYING VANGELICAL.

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Presentation on theme: "S S E E E E TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED DUCATIONAL DIFYING VANGELICAL."— Presentation transcript:

1 S S E E E E TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE TATEMENTS of CIENCE and CRIPTURE XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED XHIBITED XAMINED XPLAINED DUCATIONAL DIFYING VANGELICAL DUCATIONAL DIFYING VANGELICAL Presented by Dr Thomas J Kindell Founder & President of Reasons for Faith Ministries, Inc. Presented by Dr Thomas J Kindell Founder & President of Reasons for Faith Ministries, Inc. Be ready to give an answer to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is within you I Peter 3:15

2 A CRITIQUE OF TEXTBOOK ARGUMENTS FOR THE GENERAL THEORY OF EVOLUTION – Pt. 1

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4 MILLERS FATAL FLAWS 1. Exclusion of oxygen (UV oxygen dilemma) 2. Inclusion of methane and ammonia 3. Unrealistic levels of UV light and electricity 4. An artificial trap used to isolate compounds 6. 99% of compounds produced were toxic 5. The few amino acids were 50% racemic

5 FIFTY YEARS OF FAILURE 1. No success producing all 20 amino acids 2. No success producing all 4 nucleotides 3. No satisfactory synthesis of sugars 4. No satisfactory synthesis of fatty acids 6. No exclusive production of biological units 5. No successful synthesis of non-racemates

6 ADDITIONAL FATAL ROADBLOCKS 1. Water – Vastly favors depolymerization 2. The laws of chemical cross-reaction 3. Instability of building block molecules 4. No physical evidence of a primordial soup 5. No reasonable mathematical probability

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8 All right-handed sugars…… 1/10 300 All correct biological bonds…… 1/10 300 Exclusion of non-biological units…… 1/10 1000

9 This sentence is composed exclusively of the alphabet letters of the English language and makes sense in the English language convention. A^&*()%&*)))&T(_+*$##(G/?%- ))^%$#@!$%^({:><>?+)*^^&(H^+ **&^%$#!@N%$@(*)L<> &$F(*& %%#$)_((&*%E$##~F~_{+L^^

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11 Six monkeys, set to strum unintelligently on typewriters for millions of years, would be bound in time to write all the books in the British Museum. Sir James Jeans, The Mysterious Universe, p. 4, NY, Macmillan & Co Six monkeys, set to strum unintelligently on typewriters for millions of years, would be bound in time to write all the books in the British Museum. Sir James Jeans, The Mysterious Universe, p. 4, NY, Macmillan & Co

12 We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

13 10 80 – number of monkeys involved 10 10 – random sequences per second 10 20 – seconds (approx 3 trillion years) 10 110 – total random sequences 10 280 – probability of success by chance 10 170 – resultant probability = zero!

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16 …more than 40 years of work has failed to produce any convincing detailed scheme as to how living cells could have evolved from simple organic molecules. Palmer, T., Controversy: Catastrophism & Evolution, Kluwer Academic, 1999, p. 264 …more than 40 years of work has failed to produce any convincing detailed scheme as to how living cells could have evolved from simple organic molecules. Palmer, T., Controversy: Catastrophism & Evolution, Kluwer Academic, 1999, p. 264

17 The origin of life. There is no consensus at all here – lots of theories, little science. Thats one of the reasons we didnt cover it in the [PBS] series. The evidence wasnt very good. PBS producer Richard Hutton, Washington Post online forum The origin of life. There is no consensus at all here – lots of theories, little science. Thats one of the reasons we didnt cover it in the [PBS] series. The evidence wasnt very good. PBS producer Richard Hutton, Washington Post online forum

18 Its a shame that there are precious few hard facts when it comes to the origin of life... the how part has everybody stumped. Nobody knows how a mixture of lifeless chemicals spontaneously organized themselves into the first living cell. Paul Davies (Australian Centre for Astrobiology, Macquarie Univ.), Born Lucky, New Scientist, Vol. 179 (2403):32, July 12, 2003 Its a shame that there are precious few hard facts when it comes to the origin of life... the how part has everybody stumped. Nobody knows how a mixture of lifeless chemicals spontaneously organized themselves into the first living cell. Paul Davies (Australian Centre for Astrobiology, Macquarie Univ.), Born Lucky, New Scientist, Vol. 179 (2403):32, July 12, 2003

19 DEFINING TERMS What kind of evolution really occurs? Most Modern Creationists Agree: Descent with modification occurs Natural selection is an observable fact Speciation does occur Mutations produce inheritable changes Change over time happens

20 THE CREATIONIST CONTENTION The Observed Changes: Mutations Natural Selection Speciation Mutations Natural Selection Speciation All take place without any information gain which is required for the general theory of evolution to be true. In fact, such changes only result in segregation, corruption and loss of information.

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27 H. Pylori ( Helicobacter pylori) Antibiotic Absorbed through the cell wall H. Pylori produces an enzyme that converts the antibiotic into a poison. The poison kills the bacterium.

28 H. pylori Antibiotic Absorbed through the cell wall Mutant H. pylori lacks the ability to produce enzyme. MUTANT Ha Ha Ha! No enzyme No poison No death Survived because of LESS information

29 Some further examples of mutational loss of information causing an advantage preserved by natural selection: - Flightless Beetles - Eyeless Cave Fish - Sickle Cell Trait

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33 The gene pool of the new variety is more limited than before and less able to adapt to future changes. Chihuahuas cannot produce Great Danes. Genetic information was lost not added.

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36 Just as in a real book misprints are more likely to produce nonsense than better sense, so mutations will almost always be deleterious, almost always, in fact, they will kill the organism or the cell... John C. Kendrew, The Thread of Life, Harvard Univ Press, pp 106-107 Just as in a real book misprints are more likely to produce nonsense than better sense, so mutations will almost always be deleterious, almost always, in fact, they will kill the organism or the cell... John C. Kendrew, The Thread of Life, Harvard Univ Press, pp 106-107

37 The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. The duick brown aox jumps over the lazf eog. The duick brosn aox iumps over the lazf eog.

38 An accident, a random change, in any delicate mechanism can hardly be expected to improve it. Poking a stick into the machinery of ones watch or ones radio set will seldom make it work better. Theodosius Dobzhansky, Heredity and the Nature of Man, p. 105 An accident, a random change, in any delicate mechanism can hardly be expected to improve it. Poking a stick into the machinery of ones watch or ones radio set will seldom make it work better. Theodosius Dobzhansky, Heredity and the Nature of Man, p. 105

39 We have seen that living things are too improbable and too beautifully designed to have come into existence by chance. Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, W. W. Norton & Co., New York, p. 43 We have seen that living things are too improbable and too beautifully designed to have come into existence by chance. Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, W. W. Norton & Co., New York, p. 43

40 DESIGNED BY THE BLIND WATCHMAKER? DESIGNED BY THE BLIND WATCHMAKER? Evolutions watchmaker is both blind and brainless.

41 THE NATURAL SELECTION DECEPTION 1.It cant be invoked for prebiotic evolution. I would like to plead with you, simply, please realize you cannot use the words, natural selection loosely. Prebiological natural selection is a contradiction in terms. T. Dobzhansky, The Origins of Pregiological Systems and of Their Molecular Matrices, p. 11, 1965 I would like to plead with you, simply, please realize you cannot use the words, natural selection loosely. Prebiological natural selection is a contradiction in terms. T. Dobzhansky, The Origins of Pregiological Systems and of Their Molecular Matrices, p. 11, 1965

42 THE NATURAL SELECTION DECEPTION 2.Natural selection has no creative power Natural selection has no consciousness, intelligence, foresight or creative capability at all. It is at the mercy of random processes because it can only select what random mutations create.

43 For a greatly improved eye or brain to appear suddenly, a thousand such changes [mutations] must occur at once in a single animal, all accidental, and yet in a favorable direction. That would be as unlikely as to toss a coin in the air and have it come up heads a thousand times in a row. R. Jastrow, Selection for Perfection, Science Digest, December, 1981, p. 86 For a greatly improved eye or brain to appear suddenly, a thousand such changes [mutations] must occur at once in a single animal, all accidental, and yet in a favorable direction. That would be as unlikely as to toss a coin in the air and have it come up heads a thousand times in a row. R. Jastrow, Selection for Perfection, Science Digest, December, 1981, p. 86

44 10 24 – planets involved 10 16 – square feet per planet 10 10 – worms per square foot 10 13 – mutations per worm per year 10 14 – years of time allowed 10 77 – total sequences attempted 1 in 10 223 – resultant probability = zero! WORMS EVOLVING AN EYE WITH A 1 IN 2 PROBABILITY OF GETTING A GOOD MUTATION VERSUS A LETHAL MUTATION

45 ADP + P I ATP

46 Krebs Cycle

47 Initiation of glycolysis requires ATP molecules

48 THE PROBLEM – RANDOM PROCESSES (INCLUDING MUTATIONS) DONT PRODUCE INFORMATION SYSTEMS There is no known natural law through which matter can give rise to information, neither is any physical process or material phenomenon known that can do this. Werner Gitt, In the Beginning Was Information, p. 64-67, 1997 There is no known natural law through which matter can give rise to information, neither is any physical process or material phenomenon known that can do this. Werner Gitt, In the Beginning Was Information, p. 64-67, 1997

49 THE PROBLEM – RANDOM PROCESSES (INCLUDING MUTATIONS) DONT PRODUCE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Biological information is not encoded in the laws of physics and chemistry...(and it) cannot come into existence spontaneously...There is no known law of physics able to create information from nothing. Paul Davies, Life force, New Scientist, 163(2204):27-30, Sept 18, 1999 Biological information is not encoded in the laws of physics and chemistry...(and it) cannot come into existence spontaneously...There is no known law of physics able to create information from nothing. Paul Davies, Life force, New Scientist, 163(2204):27-30, Sept 18, 1999

50 THE PROBLEM – RANDOM PROCESSES (INCLUDING MUTATIONS) DONT PRODUCE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Any living thing possesses an enormous amount of intelligence...Today, this intelligence is called information, but it is still the same thing...This intelligence is the sine qua non of life. If absent, no living being is imaginable. Where does it come from? This is a problem which concerns both biologists and philosophers, and, at present, science seems incapable of solving it. P. Grasse, Evolution of Living Organisms, Academic Press, 1977, p. 13 Any living thing possesses an enormous amount of intelligence...Today, this intelligence is called information, but it is still the same thing...This intelligence is the sine qua non of life. If absent, no living being is imaginable. Where does it come from? This is a problem which concerns both biologists and philosophers, and, at present, science seems incapable of solving it. P. Grasse, Evolution of Living Organisms, Academic Press, 1977, p. 13

51 THE PROBLEM – RANDOM PROCESSES (INCLUDING MUTATIONS) DONT PRODUCE INFORMATION SYSTEMS...but if Mayrs characterization of the synthetic theory is accurate, then that theory [mutations/selection], as a general proposition, is effectively dead, despite its persistence as textbook orthodoxy. Stephen J. Gould, Paleobiology, 6(1):120, 1980...but if Mayrs characterization of the synthetic theory is accurate, then that theory [mutations/selection], as a general proposition, is effectively dead, despite its persistence as textbook orthodoxy. Stephen J. Gould, Paleobiology, 6(1):120, 1980

52 CONCLUSION Nothing in biology makes sense outside of the theory of evolution. T. Dobzhansky Nothing in biology makes sense outside of the evidence. Nothing in biology makes sense outside of explaining the origin of information.

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