3National Policy1986 -the Biotechnology was declared by the Mongolian Government as one of the main priority areas of science and technology for the National Economy Development1991- National Program on Biotechnology for elaborated by the Ministry of Science and Education , due to social economical changes faced to the country was not considered by the Government .1998 -the Biotechnology Sub-Program elaborated2002 -the National Program of Science and Technology Development towards the year 2010 has special section for Biotechnology
4Biotechnology institutions The biotechnology research is being conducted mainly by following institutions:the Center for Biotechnology andthe Division of Microbiology at the Institute of Biology; Mongolian Academy of Sciences;the Research Institute of Animal Husbandrythe Research Institute of VeterinaryMonenzyme Science and Production Co.SHIM Research and Production Co .Further, 6 universities and institutes have biotechnology teaching and research activities
5Biotechnology activities The main activities of biotechnology going at present in Mongolia are:- research and production of diagnostics, vaccines andbioproducts for human and animal health- production of food and fodder additives, also biofertilizers- increase biological resources of useful and rare plants bymethods of cell culture techniques- development of embryo transfer methods to increase numberof high quality animals, also to use this method for animalconservation purposes
6International collaborations APCTTICGEBAPOthe Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnologythe Japan Bioindustry Associationand other institutions.
7Problems High investment costs Lack of qualified personnel Lack of sufficient research laboratoriesShortage of experiencesLack of inadequate financial supports
8Participation in BINASIA exchange information related to the national and international biotechnology activitieswill serve as a communication link among researchers, policy makers, businessmen and other people with varied information on biotechnology to promote international collaboration in different areas of biotechnologythe setting up a homepage on the Internet ( or CD-ROM) will give easy and free access to all the member countriesMongolia needs in good computers