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Ancient Egyptian Civilization

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Egyptian Civilization"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ancient Egyptian Civilization
Lesson 3

2 Vocabulary People Empire expedition Ahmose Hatshepsut Tutankhamun

3 Middle Kingdom 2100B.C- 1700B.C Egypt's contact with other parts of the world increased Egyptian traders increased their business with cities in western Asia People from Asia moved into Egypt's delta region These people are called Hyksos

4 War with Hyksos Ruled over Lower Egypt
Hyksos used horses, chariots, strong bronze weapons and bows and arrows to defeat Egyptians Under the rule of Pharaoh Ahmose they took back Lower Egypt This defeat began the New Kingdom

5 Pharaoh ahmose Vowed that outsiders would never again control any part of Egypt They set out to make Egypt the strongest military

6 Expansion Egypt’s leader worked to get land that was lost during war
Egypt became an empire when it conquered Nubia, Syria and Lebanon New lands gave Egypt a wealth of new resources Egypt became an empire Economy was no longer focused on farming

7 trade Egypt traded (exported ) golden jewelry, linen cloth and papyrus
Trade and war helped link Egypt with its neighbors in the Sahara, Nubia, western Asia, and the Mediterranean Imported- silver, timber, oil jars, paintings, leopard skins and elephant ivory Soilders traveled with trading caravans to protect the goods

8 Hatshepsut Female pharaoh “first of the noble ladies”
Expanded Egyptian trade to Punt (Eastern Africa) When her husband died, she felt as though her son was too young to become pharaoh on his own She was co-pharaoh/ruler

9 Hatshepsut’s trading journey
8th year in reign, she organized the biggest trading expedition of her career Lasted for 2 years Goal: was to trade with punt (today’s Ethiopia or Somalia) Egypt received: gold, perfume, ivory, leopard skins, and live apes Scribes recorded the numbers of goods aboard the ships (5) Khmet (from Punt) came to Egypt to meet the Pharaoh

10 Medicine in Egypt Math and Science
Egyptian doctors were actually priests who learned their skills in temple schools Scribes wrote down illnesses and injuries and what worked best 1st medical textbook Priest- scientists also used their knowledge of math to build pyramids; understand the stars

11 Daily Life in Egypt

12 Most powerful person was at the top of the social pyramid
A persons position in society depended on what he/she did for a living Most powerful person was at the top of the social pyramid 1st: pharaoh Government officials Solders Scribes Merchants Artisans Farmers slaves

13 slavery Hardest work: they worked in…. The hot gold mines
Flood waters of the Nile (farming) Dug canals Servants in the house Basic rights: Right to be treated fairly under the law and own property

14 Cities in Egypt Where many craft workers and artists worked/ lived

15 Children in Egypt They loved to spin tops, make cloth dolls, run and play games Pets: dogs, cats and monkeys Children of the Pharaoh had their own swimming pool

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