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Smart & Safe NAACP Criminal Justice Initiative - Strategy Training March 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Smart & Safe NAACP Criminal Justice Initiative - Strategy Training March 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Smart & Safe NAACP Criminal Justice Initiative - Strategy Training March 2010

2 2 Criminal Justice a Civil Rights Issue?

3 3 Criminal Justice is a Civil Rights Issue Voting Employment Education Police Abuse 3

4 4 1 in 31 Americans have served time or is currently serving time. 1 in 11 African Americans. Majority of people incarcerated are people of color, people that were unemployed, have mental health issues and are in for non-violent offenses. Women and children are the largest growing prison population. 600-800 thousand inmates get released into community each year 1 in 3 African American males born in 2001 run the risk of serving time in prison or being dead before their 34 th birthday. As cited by the Justice Policy Institute, Pruning Prisons, 2009.. Incarceration Trends: The Problem

5 5 Impact on Education $70 billion a year on incarcerating people. 6 times the rate of state spending on higher education. K-12 and Higher Education funding declined as 33 states spent a larger proportion of their discretionary dollars on prisons. Public four-year college is $15,213. Private four year is $35,636. Annual cost of incarcerating a person in prison was approximately $25,000 a year. As cited by the Justice Policy Institute, Pruning Prisons, 2009..

6 6 Police Misconduct 2005 Dept. of Justice Survey re: Contact with Police Of the 43.5 million people who had contact with police, 1.6% had force or threat of force used against them in their most recent contact Of these, 83% characterized the force as excessive 4.4% of African Americans, 2.3% of Hispanics, 1.2% of whites reported experiencing use of force by law enforcement African Americans were 1 out of 10 contacts with police, but 1 out of 4 instances where force was used

7 7 Exercise Breakout Session What is an alternative policy or strategy to incarceration in your community? Make a demand statement that clearly states what you are asking for in regards to Criminal Justice/Smart and Safe? Who must you hold accountable to get what you want? How do you build power to accomplish your goal? How can we be helpful to what you want to do locally or at state level?

8 8 Different Forms of Organizing Direct Action Advocacy Education Self Help Direct Service Challenges Existing Power Relations Accepts Existing Power Relations

9 9 Note: Dual Forms of Bias Individual Bias Acts of Discrimination Racial Profiling Specific incidents of police misconduct Institutional Racism Cyclical Poverty Inadequate Indigent Defense Services Unequal Resources in Public Schools War on Crime/Drugs

10 10 Altering Power Relations Our Focus: Institutional Bias Individual Bias Direct Service Self Help Education Advocacy Institutional Bias Education Advocacy Direct Action

11 11 Strategy Chart GoalsOrganizational Considerations Constituents, Allies & Opponents TargetsTactics Long Term Intermediate Short Term Haves Wants Internal Problems Constituents Allies Opponents Primary Target Secondary Target Educational Power

12 12 Goals Strategy Model Long Term Goals What your are working towards Intermediate Goals Actual win you want Short Term Goals What you need to get to the intermediate goal Smart & Safe Example Long Term: Drastically reduce, if not eliminate incidents of police misconduct Intermediate: Pass law to collect data and require reporting on use of force/profiling Short Term: Lawmaker to introduce law with data collection/reporting requirement

13 13 Organizational Constraints Strategy Model Haves Resources ($, staff, facilities, member, other capacity) Wants Quantifiable list of what you want for campaign (2 copiers, more funds, 25 more members, etc.) Internal Problems Honest assessment of internal challenges (different views, people who are missing in action, etc.) Smart & Safe Example Haves: office space, 50 members, people with legal knowledge within the unit, NAACP All Alert Reporting Tool Wants: a working computer, a fax machine, copier, a Legal Redress Chair, a Criminal Justice Committee Chair Internal Problems: no Legal Redress Chair, no Criminal Justice Committee Chair

14 14 Constituents, Allies & Opponents Strategy Model Constituents Directly impacted by issue Allies Those that support our cause (donors, other organizations, etc.) Opponents Present a threat, have something to lose ($) (maybe certain lawmakers, or some enforcement officials) Smart & Safe Example Constituents: members, communities of color, youth, parents Allies: local ACLU, MALDEF, LULAC chapter, churches, ethnic media, campus-based organizations Opponents: fiscally conservative lawmaker Ron Mullen, police union representative Bob Smith, police chief Charlie Clark (random names for this example)

15 15 Targets Strategy Model Primary A person who has power to give you what you want. Think: what power do we have over them? Secondary A person with power over primary target Dont always have or need this person (different tactic/strategy needed for every target) Smart & Safe Example Primary: local elected representative to introduce bill Secondary: none for this scenario

16 16 Tactics Strategy Model MUST be directed at a specific target Power Big plays that will make sense to members and show power over the target Education Educating community at large, including constituents about your issue Smart & Safe Example Power: march outside of elected officials offices, well recognized speakers; put forth model legislation/list of needed components for data collection & reporting law; invite local media Education: tabling, town hall meeting on issue, expert speakers at local meetings, mailings, email blasts, writing Op-Ed's

17 17 How Tactics Can Influence Your Target WIN!!! Civil Disobedience Press Event Lobby Education Forum Teach-in

18 18 Strategy Exercise - Breakout Session Every year for the last 5 years, a joint task force of local law enforcement, state police and federal officers execute a raid in the town of Cicero. The raid consists of arresting and incarcerating 30-45 African American young men for drug-related offenses. A young unarmed man was killed by law enforcement and after the investigation, the shooting officer was not assigned fault. Each year, the raid takes place in September and officers use high tech equipment such as helicopters, night gargles, semi- automatic weapons and army gear during the raids. You are a member of the Cicero NAACP and would like to stop next years raid. BUILD YOUR STRATEGY!!!

19 19 Smart & Safe Criminal Justice Initiative Four Campaigns Advance Effective Law Enforcement Elevate the Voices of Crime Survivors Eliminate Employment Discrimination of the Formerly Incarcerated Reform Punitive Sentencing and Support Voting Rights for the Formerly incarcerated

20 20 Part of a multi-year initiative to improve trust and public safety. Goals include: Improve law enforcement accountability Strengthen bonds of trust between law enforcement and the communities they serve Increase public safety in 1200 urban and rural communities directly represented by NAACP and the nation as a whole National and local reforms: use of force standards, racial profiling, community oriented policing 20 Effective Law Enforcement Campaign

21 21 Recent Examples Examples of incidents reported to the NAACP that highlight the problem: Rockford, IL Oakland, CA Pittsburgh, PA

22 22 Rockford, IL – August 2009 23 year-old Mark Anthony Barmore Domestic complaint Chased and shot dead in front of day care students at church Unarmed; three shots in the back Witnesses report intimidation Increase in racial tensions in community Lack of trust between community and police department

23 23 Rockford, IL – Mark Barmores Kids

24 24 Oakland, CA – January 2009 22 year-old Oscar Grant Took BART at his mothers behest Shot in the head by BART police Unarmed; handcuffed on the floor Incident captured by cell phone video – this generations Rodney King Peaceful demonstrations turned violent Increased tension between community and police

25 25 Oakland, CA – Grant Family

26 26 Pittsburgh, PA – January 2010 18 year-old, honors music student, Jordan Miles Approached by undercover officers, asked about money and drugs Chased, beaten, hair pulled out, choked What officers believed was gun, was Mountain Dew bottle Charged with resisting arrest, aggravated assault Community outrage and outcry in support of Miles

27 27 Pittsburgh, PA – Jordan Miles

28 28 All Alert – Online Reporting of Incidents 28

29 29 All Alert Data – Type of Incident (Feb. 2010) 29

30 30 Repealed almost all of the states mandatory minimum drug statutes Prisoner Reentry Initiative helped improve chances for parole Steps taken to reduce recidivism for technical violations of parole Model State Policies

31 31 Kick Off: Misplaced Priorities Report National Report Roll-out Regional Report Roll-outs New York Philadelphia Houston Los Angeles Indianapolis Jackson Billboards New Media Buzz

32 32 National Billboards

33 33 Regional Billboards Example

34 34 All Alert for Organizers Build Capacity for activism 1: Identify criminal justice committee chairs for all units Conduct Trainings on All Alert reporting tool Report local trends identified by All Alert data to NAACP State Conferences Advance toolkit for local and state action Quarterly workshops/webinars for state & local leadership 34

35 35 Misplaced Priorities Build Capacity for activism 2: Toolkit for local, university and state action Quarterly workshops/webinars for state & local leadership State lobby days to elevate misplaced priorities issues Mobilize around Federal Legislation: Youth Promise Act Organize and elevate issue on College Campuses 35

36 36 2010-2012 Federal Smart & Safe Opportunities Broad-Based Mobilization on: Webbs Justice System Overhaul Bill National Standards for Use for Force and Use for Force Training Community Oriented Policing Ending Zero-Tolerance Policies Build Criminal Justice Capacity within the NAACP Criminal Justice Committees Track-record of success with building multi-racial alliances to reform law enforcement and prison system Organize local campaigns to hold Mayors and Police Chief accountable Mobilize for State and Federal Reforms

37 37 Key Staff Robert Rooks, MSW Director of Criminal Justice Programs (410) 336-3156 Niaz Kasravi, Ph. D Sr. Manager, Law Enforcement Accountability (410) 336-2642 37

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