Presentation on theme: "Evaluating the Different Learning Styles: How Students Learn to Enhance Scientific Knowledge and Understanding Belinda R. Hauser 1, Danyelle Winchester."— Presentation transcript:
Evaluating the Different Learning Styles: How Students Learn to Enhance Scientific Knowledge and Understanding Belinda R. Hauser 1, Danyelle Winchester 2, Kamla Deonauth 2, Howard University 1, Washington, DC
In both the Undergraduate and Graduate level classroom the multiple learning styles that are used by students to incorporate novel information are not taken into consideration by instructors. Although this neglect is seen across many disciplines with negative ramifications, it becomes especially problematic in the science classroom. Most Science lectures and labs are handled separately, In the lectures setting the focus is primarily auditory or sometimes a visual component is introduced. Students who are not strong auditory or visual learners have a difficult time understanding the material being presented resulting in boredom in the classroom, lack of attention and increased truancy. If an instructor hopes to engage his/her class all learning styles must be taken into consideration and incorporated into the lecture presentation. In general there are four kinds of learners and four major factors in which make up the four individuals learning style. This includes the following: aural/auditory, visual read/write and kinesthetic. Characteristics of an auditory learner is an individual that remembers what others say very well through verbal repetition and prefers to discuss ideas In addition verbal instructions are well understood and verbally expresses interest and enthusiasms. Auditory learners differ from Visual (spatial) learners in that visual learners remember best and study best when they see pictures, diagrams, time-lines and demonstrations. In addition, these individuals prefer instructions rather than verbal instructions. Read/write learners have characteristics which rewrite the ideas and principles into other words. Lastly there are Kinesthetic and/or Tactile learners, which learn best by hands on and work well in groups. These individuals learn remember best through physical interaction or involvement in whatever is being taught. They also enjoy hands-on activities. Introduction
Visual pictures, diagrams, time- lines and demonstrations Visual pictures, diagrams, time- lines and demonstrations Aural/Auditory verbal repetition Aural/Auditory verbal repetition Kinesthetic hands on and works well in groups Kinesthetic hands on and works well in groups Read/Write Rewrite the ideas and principles into other words Read/Write Rewrite the ideas and principles into other words
Statement of the problem In the typical college classroom there is a definite bias towards auditory presentations by most instructors. As a result non-auditory learners are at a severe disadvantage. It is therefore crucial to identify the learning style utilized by the majority of college students so instructors can more appropriately tailor their cture to engage the maximum number of students in the learning process. Aim: To determine the predominant learning style of an undergraduate general biology class using the VARK Learning Style Inventory Questionnaire Hypothesis: Current methodology of teaching is not conducive to students learning and retention of information. By adopting a lecture style that incorporates visual aural/auditory, and kinesthetic tools of presentation, will lead to greater comprehension of the material being presented.
Methods Design: The VARK questionnaire developed by Fleming identifies the preferences of students for particular modes of information presentation. With permission from the VARK Copyright Company (http:///www/vark- learn.com/english/index.asp) rights were granted to administer the VARK questionnaire for our research.http:///www/vark- learn.com/english/index.asp The questionnaire form will be downloaded from the VARK website (http://www.vark- learn.com/english/page.asp?p=questionnaire). The VARK questionnaire consists of sixteen questions that the students will complete and will be scored to determine their types of learning styles. The VARK questionnaire can be obtained free of charge.http://www.vark- learn.com/english/page.asp?p=questionnaire
*Sessions were held over a 3 day period. Cohort consisted of 133 volunteers from the undergraduate Biology 101 and 102 course. *Each session was held over a 50 min period illustrating a PowerPoint presentation, aural/audio presentation and a mini hands-on activity.
Acknowledgements Alliance for Graduate Education and The Professoriate (AGEP) AGEP Director: Dr..Kamla Deonauth The Center for the Integration of Research, Teaching, and Learning (CIRTL) Howard University Biology Department, Faculty and Staff
Conclusion From the VARK questionnaire, a majority of students are kinesthetic learns rather than just auditory or visual learner(<5%) in each case study. Students learn from a variety of methods rather than only aural/auditory