# Making complex concepts accessible through hands-on analogs An example teaching Radioactive Decay & Dating Lily Lowery Claiborne Calvin F. Miller Vanderbilt.

## Presentation on theme: "Making complex concepts accessible through hands-on analogs An example teaching Radioactive Decay & Dating Lily Lowery Claiborne Calvin F. Miller Vanderbilt."— Presentation transcript:

Making complex concepts accessible through hands-on analogs An example teaching Radioactive Decay & Dating Lily Lowery Claiborne Calvin F. Miller Vanderbilt University Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences

Context & Motivation Earth and Environmental Sciences – 101 2 types of concepts Familiar, Intuitive, Easily Reproduced in Lab Not Visible, Unfamiliar, Non-intuitive, Cannot be Reproduced in Lab

Questions Can students learn complex, non-intuitive scientific concepts better when they can work hands-on with an analog experiment than through traditional lecture? Can they appropriately transfer the things they learn from the analog experiment to the original concept? Hypothesis YES! Test teaching Radioactive Decay & Dating

Learning Goals What controls radioactive decay? How do we use radioactive decay for dating? Make Predictions about decay/dating Understand (and use) the decay equation Study Design All Students in Intro Geology (~100) 1.Students attend traditional lecture on topic 2.Students come to lab in groups of ~20 - Take pretest on topic - Perform analog activity - Take post-test (identical to pretest)

Student Activity (briefly) Parent Isotope Daughter Isotope Decay Fluid pressure behaves the same way as Radioactive Decay Students observe the process of shampoo running through beakers, observing details & variations Gather data & plot to create equation Use equation to date someone elses experiment Describe what is controlling the process Discuss what this indicates about the process of radioactive decay

Results It slows down as it goes, so as there is less parent, there is less decay. The larger the decay constant or the more parent material, the faster it decays! If the decay constant depends on what the parent material is, does that mean different kinds of parent isotopes decay at different rates? So, if you started running out of parent material, would it decay sporadically, like the shampoo starts to slowly drip at the end?

Conclusions This Semester Can students learn complex, non-intuitive scientific concepts better when they can work hands-on with an analog experiment than through traditional lecture? YES – improved understanding and confidence Can they appropriately transfer the things they learn from the analog experiment to the original concept? YES – there was only one student who talked about shampoo instead of isotopes on the post test Problems: Misconceptions Resistance to think past the specific conditions covered in the activity Unclear questions on pre/post test Repeat study in all 101 lab sections Revise questions for clarity Have students explore variations on the basic system, then ask them to think of others on the post test Specifically address misconceptions revealed last semester

Thank You!

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