Presentation on theme: "TAKING FORWARD THE RECOMMENDATIONS: The case of IRP and the ILO TAKING FORWARD THE RECOMMENDATIONS: The case of IRP and the ILO UN's first Global Assessment."— Presentation transcript:
TAKING FORWARD THE RECOMMENDATIONS: The case of IRP and the ILO TAKING FORWARD THE RECOMMENDATIONS: The case of IRP and the ILO UN's first Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction Geneva, May 2009 GENEVA ENVIRONMENT NETWORK International Recovery Platform Alfredo LAZARTE HOYLE Director International Programme on Crisis Response, Prevention and Recovery International Labour Organization Chair IRP Steering Committee
2 THE INTERNATIONAL RECOVERY PLATFORM Thematic Platform within the ISDR system Responds in particular to two strategic goals of HFA: –The more effective integration of disaster risk considerations into sustainable development policies, planning and programming –The systematic incorporation of risk reduction approaches into the design and implementation of emergency preparedness, response and recovery programmes IRP was launched in May 2005 to support Hyogo Frame work for Action (in particular, priority area 4). It seeks to fulfil the strategic goals and priority areas of the HFA by functioning as an international repository of knowledge and as a networking mechanism for recovery, aiming to address the gaps and constraints inherent in the current contexts of recovery. IRP Secretariat operates in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan hosted by ISDR Kobe.
3 Members of the IRP Steering Committee Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (vice-chair ) Hyogo Prefectural Government, Japan International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) International Labour Organization (ILO) (chair ) Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Italy Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Government of Switzerland United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (past chair ) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) United Nations secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN/OCHA) World Bank (WB)
4 How IRP contribute to implement GAR Recommendations KNOWLEDGE SHARING: ON LINE DATA BASES PUBLICATIONS & LESSONS LEARN PDNA Pre-DLRP LAT IDENTIFYING KNOWLEDGE GAPS & PROMOTING TOOLS DEVELOPMENT International recovery forum 2009 Building back better and greener International recovery forum 2008 Capacity development for better recovery International forum on tsunami and earthquake 2007 Progress of the implementation of the HFA and recovery from tsunami and earthquake FOSTERING KNOWLEDGE EXCHANGE
5 The ILO contribution to address the underlying risk factors Strengthening livelihoods –The ILO/FAO Livelihood Assessment Toolkit Innovative financing for disaster risk management: –The ILO and the Melissa and Bill Gates Foundation initiative In Peru, support Seguros La Positiva, in targeting farmers, rural workers and their families, through the water Associations. The collaboration with these grassroots organizations trusted by local communities enables the insurer to reach a market that it otherwise would not be able to serve and to promote disaster risk management measures to deal with risk posed by El Niño phenomenon. An innovative approach to assess disaster effects, identifying impact in productive livelihoods, understanding interaction with socio-economic vulnerability factors and enabling disaster resilient livelihood recovery strategies
6 … ILO contribution to address the underlying risk factors … The management of ecosystems services: –The ILO/UNEP/ITUC/IOE Green Jobs Initiative has three different areas: Modelling climate change policies and assessing their impacts on employment, incomes and livelihoods. Promotion of Green Jobs in different sectors and geographical areas Measures for a just transition to a low carbon economy. Adaptation to climate change is included, in the second and third area while the first is devoted to address the employment implications of mitigation policies. The ILO pursues the inclusion of environmentally-friendly and decent labour dimension in the adaptation policies and measures as well as the establishment of accompanying measures to smooth the impacts on workers and enterprises of climate change effects. A just transition The greening of economies and provision of decent work for just a few will not suffice to meet the environmental and social challenges currently faced worldwide. In order to ensure sustainable development and decent work for all just transitions are needed both for those affected by the transformation to a green economy and also for those having to adapt to climate change.
7 … ILO contribution to address the underlying risk factors … Partnerships for urban and local governance –ILO-ITC/ILO-CRISIS/UNISDR Initiative The international Training Center of the ILO, located in Turin Italy, plays a fundamental role on ILO institutional commitment to mainstream disaster risk management into the World of Work and their Decent Work Agenda. Disaster Risk Reduction within the framework of Sustainable Local Development of the International Training Centre of the International Labour Organization (ITC/ILO) was conceived within the framework of the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) in response to increasing concern about the magnitude of disasters and their impact on local communities worldwide. Being part of the capacity-building component of the International Recovery Platform (IRP), run in conjunction with the ILO Programme on Crisis Response and Reconstruction, it also looks at post-disaster reconstruction, and identifies recovery as one of the key opportunities for reducing disaster risk. Initially launched in 2007 for Latin America, today is adapted in partnership with ADPC for different countries in Asia.
8 … ILO contribution to address the underlying risk factors Community and local level approaches for disaster risk reduction –UNDP/WB-GFDRR initiative on Pre-disaster Livelihood Recovery Planning –Pre-DLRP– –The Local Economic Recovery -LER- Guidelines for Post Disaster Recovery. Pre-disaster recovery planning deals specifically with planning for recovery, however, resilience to hazards reduces the damage and losses and the amount of recovery support needed after a disaster occurs. Therefore, no Pre-disaster recovery planning process is complete unless it includes the significant and systematic addressing of the issue of risk reduction. LER is a time-bound process where different local and international actors operating in a crisis-affected area are brought together to plan for the revitalization of the productive activities and the restoration of the local capital. The latter consists of skills, knowledge, resources and networks which are embedded within institutions, nature, entrepreneurs, workers, Local resources are identified and strengthened, and their allocation and use are optimized to better contribute to socio-economic resilient recovery.
9 The role of the ILO in climate change adaptation 1.Promoting Employment and Social Protection policies and Social Dialogue and ensuring that Climate Change Adaptation for vulnerable economic sectors is a policy priority based on strong institutional mechanisms. 2.Raising awareness and disseminating information on climate change adaptation measures for productive economic sectors. 3.Assessing livelihood vulnerabilities and risks and the impact of climate change on employment and income, including in the informal sector. 4.Ensuring that institutional and technical national capacity is in place to implement climate change adaptation measures for productive livelihoods. 5.Enhancing the employability of job seekers (women, men, youth) through vocational training and the functioning of the labour market. 6.Promoting and facilitating the consolidation and emergence of new micro-businesses and SMEs as a means of increasing resilience of the economy to climate change shocks by ensuring diversification of job opportunities and income generating activities. –Support to Microfinance Schemes. In order to contribute to livelihood disaster risk reduction and increase resilience of employment and income, ILO promotes the development of financial risk-sharing mechanisms, particularly insurance and reinsurance against disasters, as appropriate. – Through the mobilization of its constituents, ILO encourages all stakeholders to foster a culture of disaster prevention, putting greater emphasis on climate change adaptation and promotes the establishment of forms of public–private partnerships to better engage the local private sector in those activities. 7.Ensuring that social security and safety nets schemes are functioning in high-risk zones, in order to reduce vulnerabilities and risks related to climate change events. 8.Ensuring preparedness of central and local authorities and stakeholders for quick livelihood recovery in case of future disasters through pre-disaster livelihood recovery planning. 9.Promoting and supporting the creation of Green Jobs Contribution to the UNFCCC workshop on Increasing Economic Resilience To Climate Change And Reducing Reliance To Climate Change On Vulnerable Economic Sectors Through Economic Diversification (Cairo, Egypt April 2009)