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A Presentation by Smt. Rajlakshmi Bhosale Mayor, Pune

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1 A Presentation by Smt. Rajlakshmi Bhosale Mayor, Pune
Disaster Management & Flood Control – An Initiative by Pune Municipal Corporation A Presentation by Smt. Rajlakshmi Bhosale Mayor, Pune


3 Introduction “Punyanagari The City of Virtuous Deeds”



6 River and the City

7 History Pune traces its origins to an agricultural settlement by the name of Punnaka in the 8th century AD; also called Punyapur or Punyanagari, “The City of Virtuous Deeds” The city is built on the confluence of the three rivers Mutha, Mula and Pavana. These Rivers were believed to have Mythic Cleansing Powers The Rivers formed the city’s lifeline and no other city in the country can boast of having three Rivers running through it KHADAKWASLA DAM LAKDI PUL BUND GARDEN BRIDGE

8 Importance 8th Largest Urban Agglomeration in India
Population – 4.7 million 6% Cultural Capital of Maharashtra ‘Oxford of the East’ ‘Detroit of India’ Rapidly Growing Economy powered by IT, Manufacturing and Services Twenty bridges cross the river along 27 km of lenght

9 A Disaster Strikes Pune at 2:00pm on 12th July 1961 !!!
Panshet and Khadakwasla Dam Failure results in a Major Flood in the city of Pune


11 History of Floods in Pune
Discharge in Cumecs Years

12 Flood Frequency Analysis was conducted for 1940 to 2007 of the maximum discharge data from Khadakwasla The 1958 flood with a magnitude of 3211 cumecs is the highest flood recorded. The mean annual peak flood is about 1165 cumecs. Every decade had recorded one severe flood during the last six decades (1944, 1958, 1961, 1976, 1976, 1983, 1997 and 2005). The post 1961 period shows a significant decline in the peak flood magnitudes and increase in the flood variability. This could be attributed to the increased control of dams located on the river, such as Temghar and Varasgaon that were constructed during the post-1961 period.


14 Causes Reduction in Carrying Capacity of the river
Encroachment in river and tributaries (nullahs) draining into the rivers Disposal of Debris and solid wastes including plastics Lack of Remote Rain Gauging and Telemetric Early Warning System

15 Effects Displacement of Families in the river banks
Destruction of private property on the river banks Destruction of Biodiversity on the river banks Disruption of Transport and communication systems Destruction of drainage and sewage system Eroding of river banks Adverse effect on Public Health

16 Families Rehabilitated during Floods
Source : Slum Department, PMC Improvement in our Disaster Management Ability has resulted into a large reduction in the number of Flood Affected Families


18 Disaster Management Initiative by Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC)
PMC embarked upon preparation of a a comprehensive Disaster Management Plan Involving all agencies of the local self government law enforcing agencies, state govt and education institutes MAY 2007 DMP WAS PROMULGATED

19 Engineering Measures for Disaster Management by Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC)
Increase in River carrying capacity by Dredging of 1.50 MCM of silt Excavated Debris is reused for construction of roads Protection Construction of 1.50 km of protection wall to protect 10 major flood prone areas River flow (reduced afflux) Removal of an old Stone masonry bund Removal of central section (100m long and 5 m high) of Bundgarden bund

20 Municipal Commissioner and Police Commissioner work on
Organisational Structure for Disaster Management Khadakwasla Dam flows above cusec Water level of Mulshi dam start increasing above 1980 ft Mulshi- Collector office Irrigation Department Municipal Commissioner and Police Commissioner work on next action plan Flood control Department Each hour Public Relation officer Pune Municipal Corporation Authority Municipal Regional Offices Take Action PMT, Road Traffic, health dept etc NGO, Social services Organisation etc Media (hourly updates)

21 Role Played by Regional Offices
Organisational Structure …..contd Role Played by Regional Offices At present 39 Rehab Centres are available

22 Benchmarks for Initiation of Disaster Management Plan
Discharge from Khadakwasla Action done cumecs (40000 cusecs) DMP Flood Alert cumecs (50000 cusecs) DMP operations initiated

23 PMC Departments working towards Flood Management
Fire Brigade Authority River Improvement and Garden Superintendent Department Pune Maha Nagarpalika Parivahan Mahamandal Ltd Health Department Vehicle Department Public Relation Department Education Department Electricity Department Irrigation Department

24 Fire Brigade Authority
Training of experts from this department to other officer for planning & evacuation. Evacuation of people and property from site Supply of various equipment like pumps, cranes, boats etc where ever required Lifting of collapse articles like fallen trees etc during heavy rains River Improvement and Garden Superintendent Department Desilting of almost 1.50 MCM Deposition of debris for construction of DP road Disposal of excess debris at relevant location Construction of 1.50 km of protection wall which covers almost 10 major flood prone areas

25 Pune Maha Nagarpalika Parivahan Mahamandal Ltd.
Release of public transport Make vehicles available wherever required Make drivers available Get updates about traffic diversions and inform it to the drivers. Keep stock of fuel and other material required Health Department Make Doctors, Pharmacist, auxiliary nurse etc available. Supply medicines Ambulance

26 Public Relation Department
Vehicle Department Make wireless vehicles, truck and drivers available Coordination with fire brigade authorities through these wireless vehicles Public Relation Department At as a communication medium within the government and public Public awareness Information to media (press, channels etc) Education Department Make school and college available during floods Make infrastructure in school available Teachers and other staff also provide help in this respect

27 Electricity Department
As the electric supply is completely damage during floods provide generators to evacuation teams Provide temporary electric wiring at rehabilitation centers Provide emergency lamps Irrigation Department Control discharge at each of the dams Supply flood update to Flood control department of PMC


29 Salient Features Installation of Remote Rain Gauging, level gauging and telemetry system for early warning to control peak discharge from Khadakwasla to within 50,000 Cusecs during the rainy season Prevent encroachment of the river and streams by declaration of Biodiversity Restoration Zones along the banks Use of Gabions/Reno Mattresses on river banks for stabilisation and allow percolation of water

30 Development Zone Development Zone
Mapping and Delineation of the flood-prone area by use a probability-based analysis wherein systematic records and historical information on past flooding are used to develop a relation of probability of occurrence versus magnitude. Development Zone Submersible Zone Floodway High Flood Level Submersible Zone Development Zone Designation of Floodway (River Channel) and High Flood Level Components

31 Comprehensive Non Structural Flood Management System
The proposed system can be divided into three important sub systems viz. Telemetry System Management Information System Decision Support System


33 Telemetry System gathers hydrological and meteorological data such as
Rain fall data from rain-gauge stations in the catchment Water level data from river gauge stations Reservoir level data from level sensors installed at the reservoirs Data is gathered without any human intervention Collected data is then presented to the Management Information System and the Decision Support System Based on the received data and the pre-fed conditions/parameters/rules the system computes information required for controlling discharge of water

34 Conclusions Our experience of PMC has shown that initiative by the local self governing body can control & reduce the magnitude of disaster and effectively manage a disaster

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