Presentation on theme: "Exercise Basics Promoting a Healthy Lifestyle through exercise."— Presentation transcript:
Exercise Basics Promoting a Healthy Lifestyle through exercise
Why Exercise? Studies have shown that after age 25, the body loses muscle mass at a rate of 4% of its remaining mass per decade. And after age 50, the muscle mass is lost by 10% each decade. 1.Can improve your mood 2.Combats chronic diseases 3.Helps to manage your weight 4.Helps to strengthen your heart and lungs 5.Exercise promotes better sleep 6.Exercise can be, FUN! 6 Benefits of regular exercise : http://www.aces.edu/dept/extcomm/specialty/graphics/exercise1.jpg This affects such things as your heart (hence it is a muscle), mobility as well as decreasing your metabolism which can lead to weight gain. The only way to prevent this is to exercise!
Types of Exercise Aerobic Anaerobic Strength Training – Resistance Exercises Flexibility
Exercise Recommendations Warming up for 5 minutes before each exercise session. Walking slowly and stretching are good warm-up activities. You should do some type of aerobic activity for at least 30 minutes on most, and preferably, all days of the week. You should also do resistance, or strength training 2 days per week. Begin By: Cooling down with more stretching for 5 minutes when you finish exercising. Cool down longer in warmer weather. End By:
Walking, jogging, or running happens to be the simplest and cheapest kind of cardiovascular workout. Walking This can be done in the neighborhood parks, along neighborhood lanes, in the mall or even within one’s own home. The Key: Begin slowly and then steadily increase the stride and increase the pace. Walking briskly for 15-20 minutes is the best way one can initiate exercise
Activities and Step equivalents per 15 minutes: Bowling—3636Bicycling—3636 Water Aerobics—3182Golf—2045 Cooking—909House Cleaning—1364 Gardening—1818Raking Leaves—1818 Pedometer Great tool to track steps – Motivator – Recommended daily steps = 10,000 – 1 mile =2000 steps – Start with small daily step goal and increase to 10,000/day
Strength Training Exercises 1.Hold a weight in each hand with your arms at your sides. 2. Bend your arms at the elbows 3. Lift the weights to your shoulders and then lower them to your sides. Bicep Curl:Chair Squat: 1.Begin by sitting in the chair. 2. Lean slightly forward and stand up from the chair Try not to favor one side or use your hands to help you.
1.Place hands flat against the wall 2. Slowly lower body to the wall 3. Push body away from wall to return to starting position Wall Pushups:Shoulder Raises: 1.Hold a weight in each hand with your arms at your side 2. Shrug your shoulders up toward your ears and then lower them back down
- Complete all movements in a slow, controlled fashion. - Don't hold your breath. - Stop if you feel pain. - Stretch each muscle after your workout. Strength Training Continued.. Each exercise should be done 8 to 10 times for 2 sets. REMEMBER TO:
10 Ways to Slip in Exercise 1. Take a 10-minute walk after breakfast, lunch, and dinner to reach the goal of 30 minutes per day. 2. Park your car in the farthest spot when you run errands. 3. Walk your dog. 4. Do yard work. 5. Wash your car by hand. 6. Pace the sidelines at kids' athletic games. 7. Ask a friend to exercise with you. 8. Walk briskly at the mall. 9. Take the stairs instead of the elevator 10. Make a commitment—signing up for a 5K run/walk
Hydration Each day the body needs 10-15 cups of fluids weight (pounds) / 2 = the ounces of water needed. Fluid is needed by the body on a regular basis to take nutrients to various parts of your body and to carry waste products away. Without enough fluid you reduce concentration, coordination, strength and stamina. Determine your fluid needs:
Review Exercise at least 30 minutes on most days of the week – Do strength training twice per week Walking, jogging, running are easy and inexpensive ways to exercise – Maintain proper form for any exercise Warm up, stretch, exercise and cool down for each exercise session Hydration is important for health and exercise