Presentation on theme: "Disaster Risk Reduction Developments Using the"— Presentation transcript:
1 Disaster Risk Reduction Developments Using the CEUDIP Meeting19-20 November BonnDisaster Risk ReductionDevelopments Using theHyogo Framework for ActionPaola Albrito Regional Coordinator Europe, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR)
3 Intensive Disaster Risk 82% disaster mortality in 20 large disasters with over 10,000 deaths each, mainly in developing countries38.5% disaster economic loss in 21 large disasters with over US $10 billion losses each, mainly in developed countriesDisaster loss, particularly mortality, is concentrated in intensive risk hotspots
4 Global Hotspot study (World Bank) = lowest 40%= middle 30%= highest 20%Higher population density of areas that have experienced relatively high mortality during the past two decades. Nearly on-fourth of total land area and more than three-fourths of world’s population are subject to a relatively high risk from one or more hazards.More than four-fifths of GDP is located in areas of relatively high economic risk subject to one or more hazards.More than half of the world’s GDP is located in high-risk areas subject to two or more hazards.35 countries have more than 5% of the population in areas at risk from three or more hazards.96 countries have more than 10% of the population in areas at risk from two or more hazards.160 countries have more than 25% of the population in areas at risk from one or more hazards.25 million km sq. and 3.4 billion people are relatively highly exposed to at least one natural hazard; 105 million people are relatively highly exposed to three or more hazards.
5 Global Trends - Disasters are NOT natural Natural and human-induced hazardsClimate change and variables(global warming and “global dimming”)HAZARDS +EXTREME EVENTSSocio-economic: poverty,unplanned urban growth, lack of awareness and institutional capacities...Physical: insufficient land use planning, housing, infrastructures located in hazard prone areas...Environmental degradationecosystem degradation; coastal, watershed, marshlands…), etc.VULNERABILITYCan sustainable development be achieved without taking into account the risk to natural hazards? Short answer: NO!Identification of hazards/vulnerability; monitoring and management of risk are integral to sustainable development.Address root-causes to vulnerability: social, economic, environmental, technical-physical factors=Natural hazardXVulnerabilityDisaster Risk
6 WCDR outcome- Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 (HFA) 3 Strategic goals5 Priorities for actionImplementation and follow-upIntegrate disaster risk reduction into policies, plans and programmes of sustainable development and poverty reductionRecognize risk reduction as both a humanitarian and development issue – in the context of sustainable developmentFocus on national implementation, with bilateral, multilateral, regional and international cooperationTargets and indicators to be developed according to needsThe HFA focuses in particular on National Implementation with the support through bi-lateral, regional and international cooperation.Priorities for action :1. Governance: ensure that disaster risk reduction is a national and local priority with strong institutional basis for implementation (UNDP/BCPR, UN-HABITAT, UNV, ProVention Consortium)2. Risk identification: identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning (WMO, UNU, EC/JRC)3. Knowledge: use knowledge , innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels (UNESCO, UNICEF, IFRC)4. Reducing the underlying risk factors (UNEP, UNCRD, WHO)5. Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response (UN/OCHA, WFP)
7 Part 2: Progress on the Implementation of the Part 2: Progress on the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action
8 Progress: HFA Priority Area 1 Political momentum at the national and regional level in all regionsLarge scale disasters as catalysts for new institutional arrangements and legislationFocus on disaster preparedness and response. Low involvement of development sectorsDifficulties in implementation
9 Progress: HFA Priority Area 2 Growing involvement in compiling national hazard, risk and loss informationInformation not yet mainstreamed into planning and decision makingMajor advances in early warningDifficulties in linking warning to response and national systems to local capacities
10 Progress: HFA Priority Area 3 Important progress in introducing disaster reduction into the school curricula in all regionsPublic awareness programmesInformation portalsFocused principally on preparedness and response
11 Progress: HFA Priority Area 4 Enhancements to building codes and planning standardsIncorporation of disaster reduction into poverty and development strategiesLimited progress in hazard mitigation and vulnerability reductionLow engagement of private sector; civil society ; financial sector (risk transfer)Lack of integration of disaster reduction and adaptation to climate change strategies
12 Progress: HFA Priority Area 5 Widespread progress in improving mechanisms for preparedness and responseStrengthening of capacities of both local authorities and communitiesLocal level disaster risk reduction is not addressing risk factors
13 Part 3: Next steps, follow-up to the Global Platform (Chair’s Summary) First session of the Global Platform June 2007Part 3: Next steps, follow-up to the Global Platform (Chair’s Summary)
14 Supporting country efforts The need for action is more urgent than ever - growing risk and slow progress in implementing the Hyogo Framework for ActionSupport to the achievement of a target number of national platforms for disaster risk reduction is neededInvestment in risk reduction needs to be substantially increasedCountries need to quickly establish systems to monitor and report on their risk profiles and on the implementation of the Hyogo FrameworkThe private sector should be engagedFocus and selection is necessaryFirst session of the Global PlatformJune 2007
15 ISDR system development Programme focusClimate changeMany cities and urban areas are crucibles of growing disaster riskWomen are among the most vulnerable in disastersRegional cooperation can play a major role in scaling proven practicesISDR system developmentFirst session of the Global PlatformJune 2007More effort to engage development partners and other key constituenciesAn important task is to develop the ISDR system’s regional mechanisms, thematic capacities and networkingThe Trust Fund for Disaster Reduction needs strengthening to support joint work
16 GFDRR:Track 1 Global and Regional DeliverablesTrack 2: Country level deliverablesTrack 3: Accelerated Disaster Recovery in Low Income Countries
17 Vulnerability of SEE Region SEE is prone to variety of disasters caused by the natural and man-made hazards:Earthquakes (Skopje 1963; Bucharest 1977)Floods (seasonal water surges in Balkans)Landslides (localized, affecting communities)DroughtForest FireTechnological accidents
18 Rationale for the Regional Cooperation Many hazards are common to a number of neighboring countriesInformation sharing will allow for greater reduction of hazard risk at the national and regional levelIndividual countries may not be able to cope with a major disaster on their ownStand-by, fully equipped emergency response units and relief materials are expensiveCountries are small in size and hazards risk insurance may not be optimal at the country level
19 Objective:To reduce vulnerability of SEE countries, in line with the Hyogo Framework for Action, by building the capacity and promoting a coordinated approach in disaster risk mitigation, preparedness and response.The initiative will build on the existing cooperation in the region, and will complement and consolidate the activities promoted by active organizations and initiatives in the region.
20 Key Areas of the Initiative: Hydrological and meteorological forecasting, data sharing and early warning systemStrengthening regional capacities in disaster risk reduction and responseFinancing of disaster losses and risk transfer mechanism
21 What to do and how to do it: Step 1) Undertake a review for each of the 3 areas of focus; (Get involvement and buying in of national, regional partners)Step 2) Based on outcome review develop project proposal (WB leader); Identify a number of countries to express interest on loans/grants WB as well as committed partners to support the initiative (WMO, EU/EC etc..)Step 3) Implementation phase. (Strengthen sub-regional existing organizations to facilitate the implementation phase in the SEE context)
22 Hydrological and Meteorological Forecasting, Data Sharing and Early Warning System Initiative has been agreed during the ICEED meeting in Dubrovnik in May 2006Strong partnership with WMOObjective of this initiative is to promote a coordinated approach and data sharing in Hydromet services in South Eastern EuropeFeasibility assessment has been completed and was discussed in a regional meeting on October 24-25, 2007 in ZagrebCoverage: Moldova, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Albania, Macedonia, Bosnia & Herzegovina
23 Flood Forecasting and Early Warning System on Sava River Initiative was agreed during Podgorica meeting of the Directors of Hydromet services in Sava river countries in April 2007.Objectives is to build capacity and to re-establish data sharing and collaboration on flood forecasting and early warning system on the Sava river.Feasibility Assessment has been completed and discussed in a regional meeting in Zagreb on October 24-25, 2007.
24 Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Objectives is to promote and implement investment priorities for strengthening the capacity and promote a coordinated approach to disaster preparedness and responseWill be built on existing agreements: Civil-Military Emergency Planning Council and the Disaster Preparedness Initiative of the Stability PactVulnerability Assessment is completedMore detailed assessment of disaster response is needed.
25 Catastrophe Risk Transfer Creation of a regional catastrophe insurance pool that would offer affordably-priced catastrophe insurance coverage to governments of SEE countries.Development of national catastrophe insurance programs for homeowners.Development of standardized tradable weather risk hedging instruments to protect businesses against loss of revenue due to adverse weather conditions.Structuring and issuance of a catastrophe risk bond for countries of the region.
26 Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Objectives is to promote and implement investment priorities for strengthening the capacity and promote a coordinated approach to disaster preparedness and responseWill be built on existing agreements: Civil-Military Emergency Planning Council and the Disaster Preparedness Initiative of the Stability PactVulnerability Assessment is completedMore detailed assessment of disaster response is needed.
27 PartnershipWB-UN/ISDR secretariat in partnership with main UN agencies and actors based on the priority areas:UN Agencies part of the ISDR system: WMO, UNICEF, UNDP etc..Regional Organizations: Council of Europe, the EU, DPPI, OECD etc..Bi-lateral/Multilateral donors: Denmark, Finland, Switzerland, Italy etc.. (if interest shown by the SEE countries and by donor)
28 Program Components WB on the DRIVING SEAT The following broad components/activities are eligible for financing under the program:Disaster PreparednessDisaster Risk InsuranceDisaster Risk Reduction and AdaptationContingency fundingComponents/activities will be tailored to country-specific needs
29 Component I: Disaster Preparedness Eligible activitiesEmergency management equipment such as fire trucks, ambulances, search and rescue equipment, ..etcCommunications equipmentNational Command CenterForest fire fighting equipment, including planesWeather forecasting and flood early warning system, etc.
30 Component II: Disaster Risk Insurance Eligible activitiesDevelopment of disaster insurance schemes that cover:Government budgetBusinessIndividual householdsTechnical Assistance to build government capacity in catastrophe risk analysis and risk transfer
31 Component III: Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation Eligible activitiesHazards mappingFlood controlDam safetyRetrofitting of schools and hospitalsRetrofitting of major infrastructureRevisions of building codes and land use plansEtc..
32 Component IV: Contingency Funding Eligible activitiesImmediate Funds for the use of government in the aftermath of a disaster caused by the impact of natural hazards.
33 PhasingPhase I: Will include relatively cheap, but high impact, non-structural components/activitiesDisaster PreparednessInsuranceNon-structural activities under Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation – such as revisions in building codes and land use plans and hazards mappingDevelopment of comprehensive national strategies for disaster risk mitigation and adaptation
34 Phasing (Cont.) Phase II: Structural investments Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation – such as flood control, dam safety, retrofitting of buildings, retrofitting of key infrastructure, ..etc.Countries may choose to combine phase I and phase II under one operation
35 Phasing (cont.)In both phases governments could have access to contingency funding (called DDO) in the aftermath of disastersDDO will provide financing to meet the immediate cash needs of government following a disaster
36 Advantages of PhasingWill enable speedy preparation and start implementation of critical activities under phase IWill give governments time to come up with a comprehensive strategy for disaster risk reduction and adaptation to define priorities according to economic, financial, environmental and social criteria
37 Next Steps and TimingBank communicated to all governments on the proposed programInterested governments will decide on the list of components/activities to be included in their projectBank team will work with governments to finalize project documentsFinancing arrangements will be agreed with governments and other partners.
38 Thank youUnited Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction International Environment House II 7-9 Chemin de Balexert, CH 1219 Chatelaine Geneva 10, Switzerland Tel: /8907 Fax: