Presentation on theme: "UN/ISDR NP presentation"— Presentation transcript:
1 UN/ISDR NP presentation National Platforms for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPs) and related UN/ISDR secretariat support in 2008Meeting of European National Platforms and HFA Focal Points – Paris – 25 April 2008UN/ISDR NP presentation
2 Countries with National Platforms for DRR Countries in the process of establishing NPs2
3 Global developments on National Platforms 46 NPs declared (from 39) last year, 120 HFA Focal Points (168 signed HFA)N° still limited, real challenge = sustaining them/ making them workExpansion, but also relaunches/ revitalising, official establishment through decree takes often monthsThe set up and long-term functioning of NPs is a very volatile process – a new Government can forget about it or set new prioritiesDownside:Challenges remain the same: lack of sustained (political, material/ human resources) support, need for capacity development to raise familiarity with key concepts and reference documents, lack of visibilityChallenge to achieve truly multi-stakeholder and multi-sectoral approach, involving people from all levels – mainstreaming into sectors and at all levels, participation of civil society, consideration of gender aspectsMore buy-in and proactive support by Governments/ national authorities and other ISDR partners for national coordination mechanisms/ NPs needed to gain on efficiency and effectiveness through better coordination and joint action by multi-stakeholdersUpside:Increase in number of NPs shows commitment of Governments beyond NPs also positive developments through adoption of new legislation and SNAPs (Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Philippines, Timor-Leste, on their way)Very detailed and strong decrees for NP establishment (Senegal), long-term commitment in EuropeGood examples of cooperation and support to NPs by ISDR partners, not only UNDP COs, but also IFRC, WMO…- Growing interest among OECD/ donor countries to support NPs in developing countries, through NPs or else- Interest in “Twining with NPs” expressed by several NPs – things start to materialize (south-south, and north-south)- Very positive exchange during int. meetingsCC/CA awareness of opportunities and need to become proactive in liaising with other communitiesSupport by bilateral agencies/ Ministries for NPs (internal MSTR and CD opened to partners, German FO support to NPs project, large EC funded project to support establishment of NPs in South/ South East Asia)
4 Examples of UN/ISDR support to National Platforms (Mostly in collaboration with UNDP Country Offices) Help in planning and implementing multi-stakeholder dialogues as a prerequisite to the launch of National PlatformsWith ISDR system partners, help in setting up National Platforms through technical support to National workshopsInstitutional analyses of NPs to optimise their functioningDevelopment of guidance documents and good practice collectionsContribution to UNDP-led processes to elaborate Strategic National Action Plans and to ensure alignment with the HFAFacilitation of exchange and “twinning” arrangements among NPs to promote lessons learning and capacity development…
5 UN/ISDR support to National Platforms in 2008 (Geneva) 1.”Good practices on NPs” publication2. ”Toolkit for NPs” project3. Second Consultative Meeting of NPs and HFA FP (Panama, October 2008)4. (Upon request from ISDR Regional Offices) Provide direct support to NPs (e.g. CA in Madagascar + Senegal, other in-situ support upon request)5. Facilitate proactive contribution of NPs in ISDR system, support to link up with partners and networks, facilitate contact with consultants, facilitate information-exchange and exchange visits, facilitate sharing NP concerns at ISDR Geneva level, help in providing visibility to NPs, etc.
6 UN/ISDR plans on National Platforms 2008 (Geneva) Documenting Good Practices by National Platforms for DRRAssessing data available at UN/ISDRComplement information through individual follow upsAchieving progress in mainstreaming DRR and to raise high-level political commitment and engagement of politicians for disaster risk reduction (Nigeria),Integrating DRR into national policy and legislation (Japan)Decentralising DRM and achieve multi-stakeholder preparedness for response (Madagascar),Financing DRR and NP activities (Costa Rica)….Experience with National Platforms for DRR shows, that where they are proactive and focused and have necessary political backing, they have made a difference in advancing disaster risk reduction.
7 UN/ISDR plans on National Platforms 2008 (Geneva) ”Toolkit for NPs”Compilation of templates, checklists, guidelines, workshop outlines, useful hints and tips, web links, etc.= Potentially useful documents and tips for addressing particular aspects of NPs’ work drawn from NPs, NDMCs/ focal point institutions, publications, web-based information sites and UN and other partner resources.Instead of a new production of material, the approach chosen is rather to identify existing resources, which can be considered relevant for the “Toolkit”.It will summarize the main actions, which are considered critical for every National Platform to play its expected role as outlined in the related “Guidelines for National Platforms for DRR”.Aligned with the Hyogo Framework for Action.This cannot see the day without the contribution of all stakeholders in particular NPs, HFA FPs institutions, UNDP, etc…
8 Illustrates the framework NPs are operating in NPs mentioned in PA1
9 HFA stresses multi-sectoral, multi-stakeholder character of DRR NPs logical consequence to coordinate at country level, while regional and global platform complete the set up for DRR
10 UN/ISDR plans on National Platforms 2008 (Geneva) Second Consultative Meeting of NPs and HFA FP (Panama, October 2008)Overall Goal: Contribute to sustainable development at national level through support to National Platforms for Disaster Risk ReductionSpecific Objectives:Provide a forum for focal points of National Platforms and selected HFA FPs to share information and knowledge in coordinating national initiatives for disaster risk reduction;Share experiences and review the effectiveness of ISDR reference documents, including the draft “Toolkit for National Platforms”;Discuss challenges and options to strengthen National Platforms and decide on priority actions for 2008/2009;Discuss the 2008/2009 ISDR World Disaster Reduction Campaign on “Hospitals safe from Disasters” and the promotion of gender in DRRFollows Pretoria first meeting, commitment to get back in two years time with:NP Guidelines finalisedGPToolkitAllow in-depth discussions on NPs not always possible during global or regional conferences and meetings (go into depth)Preparations on-goingIdentification of participants through ISDR Regional Offices on-goingLimited funding to sponsor participation of developing countries, OECD countries asked to fund their participation with own resources
11 Thank youUnited Nations, secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction International Environment House II 7-9 Chemin de Balexert, CH 1219 Chatelaine Geneva 10, Switzerland Tel: /8907 Fax:
12 1) What are « National Platforms »? National Platforms – A definitionA nationally owned and led forum or committee of multi-stakeholdersServes as an advocate for DRR at different levelsProvides coordination, analysis and advice on areas of priority requiring concerted action through a coordinated and participatory process.As such it is mentioned in the Hyogo Framework for Action’s Priority of Action 1 – adopted by 168 StatesPreviously referred to in UN Economic and Social Council Resolution 1999/63 and 2005 UN General Assembly resolution A/RES/59/231Essential element for coordination, contribution and participation at national level in a world characterised by:The increasing frequency and amplitude of hazardous eventsThe magnifying effect of global complexity
13 1) What are « National Platforms »? National Platforms – A definition (cont’d)Should be the coordination mechanism for mainstreaming DRR into development policies, planning and programmes in line with the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for ActionShould aim to contribute to the establishment and the development of a comprehensive national DRR system, as appropriate to each country and be its custodian.They are not necessarily new institutions, but rather built on existing ones to become a forum for exchange and decision-making for coordinated DRR as a multi-sectoral, multi-stakeholder toolEssential element for coordination, contribution and participation at national level in a world characterised by:The increasing frequency and amplitude of hazardous eventsThe magnifying effect of global complexityIncrease national leadership and commitment to the sustainability of disaster risk reduction and implementation of Hyogo FrameworkEnhance collaboration and coordination amongst national stakeholdersIncrease levels of knowledge and skills in the global risk reduction communityIncrease national commitment to help the most vulnerable and at risk populationServes as national focal points within the ISDR system and strengthens links with the ISDR secretariat
14 1) What are « National Platforms »? National Platforms are NOT:The HFA Focal Point institutionThe National Disaster Management InstitutionA National Steering Committee composed of Government MinistriesThe National Civil Protection Service…
15 1) What are « National Platforms »? National (Ministerial) Steering Committee/Cabinet/ Parliament/ BoardDevelopment,Humanitarian,Climate changecommunitiesNDMC/ NDMO/HFA FP“Coordinator”/ “Secretariat”National Platformincl.PlanningFinanceNat.NGOsTechnicalServicesMunici-palitiesLineMinistriesCBOsRed Cross/CrescentMedia+ ?AcademiaPrivateSectorProfessionalassociationsDisasterVictims?IFRC?Int.NGOs?UN?Faith-BasedOrg.?Bilat.agencies?Gender balance
16 1) What are « National Platforms »? National Platforms core functions:Be a catalyst for national consultations and consensus buildingIncrease national leadership and commitment to the sustainability of disaster risk reduction and implementation of Hyogo FrameworkEnhance collaboration and coordination amongst national stakeholdersManage the progress towards achievement of DRR objectives rather than producing a « plan », monitor & evaluate and reportIncrease levels of knowledge and skills on risk reductionIncrease national commitment to help the most vulnerable and at risk populationServes as national focal point within the ISDR system and strengthens links with the ISDR secretariatImportant role in information-management/ Knowledge-ManagementNetworking roleAdvocacy and Aware-ness raisingInternational contacts
17 2) Why « National Platforms »? “All spheres of government, all sectors of society and every professional discipline has a responsibility to consider how it can contribute to reducing risk within its own sphere of responsibility... Every citizen can contribute to disaster risk reduction by thinking safety and acting safely.” From the introduction to the South African Disaster Management Act (2002) as presented by the City of Cape Town Disaster Risk Management Centre… for use by councilors and officials with Disaster Risk Management responsibilities
18 Disaster Risks – Some areas of relevance leading to stakeholders 2) Why « National Platforms? »Disaster Risks – Some areas of relevance leading to stakeholdersProfessional, academic, applied interests- Public health, EpidemiologyFood and Livelihoods, productionGeography (human habitats)Natural resources, Environmental managementClimate changePhysical sciences (natural hazards)Social sciences, Sociology, AnthropologyRisk (and vulnerability) assessmentEngineering, Infrastructure, Physical facilitiesPlanning (“land use”) professionsPublic administrationEconomics
19 2) Why « National Platforms »? – A tool for more efficient and effective action to reduce risksEfficiency – coordination, all under one umbrella, minimise parallel structures and duplicationResource Mobilisation – coordinated way of accessing existing resources available for Risk Reduction, avoid competitionSustainability of DRR interventions – put action on a more long-term footing, legal basis, structures, entry point, ensure continued funding
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