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Www.unisdr.org 1 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Helena Molin Valdés International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) www.unisdr.org.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.unisdr.org 1 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Helena Molin Valdés International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) www.unisdr.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Helena Molin Valdés International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) The Hyogo Framework for Action and ISDR system- some progress European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007

2 2 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Increase in Disasters by Type ( ) Blue line is hydro-meteorological: storms, floods, droughts, extreme temperatures, etc Source of data: EM-DAT: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database

3 3 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Global carbon dioxide concentration increase since pre- industrial times: From 280 to 379 parts per million today Source: IPCC Fourth Assessment Report on Science Basis, Summary for Policy Makers, 2007.

4 4 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC: group of scientists review scientific literature of last 6 years 4th Assessment Report: observed changes & models of future scenarios (by impact level & likelihood, by region) Summary for Policy Makers available at on science on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation on mitigation (reducing greenhouse gases) available 6 May

5 5 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 IPCC confirmed: As a result of fossil fuel use and land-use change global atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased markedly since 1750; warming of the climate system is unequivocal. The hardest hit by climate change will be: –Artic –Sub Saharan Africa –Small islands developing states –Asian megadeltas, –Coastal zones, water resources and human health. –The poorest: geographically vulnerable and have the least means to adapt.

6 6 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 IPCC projections related to possible future disasters- Who will be most affected? Temperature rise increases heat waves: children and the elderly specially affected. Decreased precipitation leads to more severe and frequent droughts: most affected are poorest who depend on agriculture, especially in Africa. Increased precipitation will trigger floods and mudslides: populations and their assets. Warmer oceans will mean more intense cyclones (typhoons and hurricanes): affecting lives and livelihoods. Our planet is warming, we must adapt

7 7 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Disaster risk reduction - practical actions to reduce vulnerability to natural hazards Develop culture of prevention and resilience Build institutions (policies, legislation, plans...) Identify risks (hazard & vulnerability assessments, mapping...) and avoid high risk zones Build hazard-resistant structures Protect and develop hazard buffers (forests, reefs, mangroves..) Improve early warning, preparedness, response In other words, implement the Hyogo Framework for Action

8 8 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Agreed at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, 18 – 22 January, 2005 Voluntary, negotiated and resolved by 168 countries A framework of expectations – outcome, strategic goals, priorities for action, responsibilities Outcome over 10 years: The substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries.

9 9 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Strategic goals Disaster reduction as part of sustainable development Strengthen institutions (especially in communities) to build resilience Build risk reduction into emergency management and recovery

10 10 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Priorities for action 1. Disaster risk reduction as a priority with strong institutional basis for action 2. Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning 3. Knowledge, innovation, education for culture of safety and resilience 4. Reduce the underlying risk factors 5. Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response

11 11 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Progress- national/regional 104 designated HFA Focal Points 45 National platforms Africa regional network of National Platforms (meet every six months- focus on specific issues: Education, PRSPs, risk assessment and progress reporting…. MENA: new developments Asia: Ministerial conferences with national orgs (China 2005, India 2007…) LAC: OAS leading regional network with regional orgs and national orgs

12 12 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Progress - international WB Global Facility for Disaster Reduction & Recovery partnership ISDR for HFA Strengthened ISDR Trust Fund for DRR- review Donor policies changing - OECD UN SG increased commitment- disaster risk reduction and climate change PRIORITY UNDG asked to get involved – RC training DMTP evolved into CADRI- ISDR-UNDP-OCHA Agencies/Orgs increasing commitment at Governing bodies level

13 13 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Progress – international UN system WMO: disaster prevention and mitigation programme, national surveys and seeking participation in national platforms UNDP: working closer with ISDR- CADRI, global report, national programmes UNESCO: education & science UNEP: environmental group, country cases Climate Change: UNFCCC and IPCC- adaptation Indian Ocean Consortium- ISDR coordinated. PPEW- EWS etc

14 14 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Progress – international networks NGO network. IFRC: preparing for an Alliance for Community DRR Academic network (CADRI and ISDR/WB supported) Global Alliance for DR (professionals) and Int Disaster Reduction Conference (IDRC- Davos & regions) Media network Gender and Disaster Network Emerging: Parliamentarians Emerging: Urban and Megacities forum

15 15 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 The strengthened ISDR system ISDR system strengthened to support the implementation of the HFA Same mandate (GA) and management (USG HA) Same multi-stakeholder mechanism, but with wider membership, especially of governments More systematic approaches to formulation of issues, programming of joint work, and reporting on progress Bodies: Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, Programme Advisory Committee, Management Oversight Board

16 16 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 ISDR mechanisms Starting point The Inter-Agency Task Force on Disaster Reduction (IATF/DR) ISDR secretariat UN General Assembly USG Humanitarian Affairs National platforms ISDR Suppor t Grp

17 17 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 The strengthened ISDR system Programme Advisory Committee (PAC) Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction: forum for debating issues and guiding ISDR system National platforms Thematic platforms Regional platforms ISDR secretariat Management Oversight Board UN General Assembly USG Humanitarian Affairs ISDR Suppor t Grp

18 18 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 ISDR regional and national inputs Programme Advisory Committee (PAC) Scientific and Technical Committee Expert panel/s addressing issues Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction National platforms Thematic platforms Regional platform ISDR secretariat Management Oversight Board UN General Assembly USG Hum Affairs ISDR Suppor t Grp

19 19 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Regional platforms- regional networks of National Platforms Who What How Horizontal cooperation within Europe and in- between Europe and developing countries Participation in ISDR system- anchor with Global Platforms Main issues to be addressed

20 20 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters Scientific and technical inputs The risks we face The tools and practices to manage risks The capacities of supporting institutions Evidence base for policy and investment The science-policy linking mechanisms

21 21 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Global Platform for Disasters Risk Reduction 5-7 June 2007 Geneva

22 22 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Global Platform Purpose Main forum on Hyogo Framework for Action implementation follow-up: –share experience, learn Raise DRR to another level: –Increase awareness of high-level authorities, national & international, on the urgency to reduce risk to natural hazards – Ensure commitment at higher level & support by various stakholders to HFA implementation

23 23 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Global Platform Purpose Guide the ISDR system to support national implementation of HFA: –Monitor & assess progress, provide guidance & recommendations on HFA priority areas –Identify emerging issues: urban risks and climate change –Enhance cooperation and concerted action (joint workplanning)

24 24 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Global Platform Mandate Same mandate as Inter-Agency Task Force for Disaster Reduction It is now open for membership to all Member States The results and recommendations will be reported to the General Assembly

25 25 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Focus on HFA priority action 1: Ensure that DRR becomes a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis The Hyogo Framework as a key strategy for adaptation to climate change The growing risks in mega-cities and urban areas Making the economic, social and political case for disaster risk reduction Global Platform Themes

26 26 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 Good practices, lessons learnt and guidance National mechanisms for disaster risk reduction, exchange of experience amongst countries & organizations on different options Integrating disaster risk reduction into sectoral agendas, with a focus on education, health, environment and disaster management Global Platform Themes

27 27 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 High level panel to increase policy makers awareness & commitment (1 st day) Plenary meeting to monitor progress, identify gaps and develop guidance for ISDR system partners (1 st & 3 rd days) Workshops and poster sessions, to exchange experience and lessons to be learnt in specific priority areas (2 nd day) Parallel meetings and side events (all 3 days, plus day before and after) Global Platform Structure

28 28 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 ISDR system levels of action (platforms) Define priorities: Strategic information National implementation National frameworks, multi-stakeholders, and multi disciplinary with Support from UN country team – when appropriate Thematic Building on existing networks, clusters, programmes and other mechanisms Regional Based on existing regional and sub-regional strategies and mechanisms ISDR programme coordinated international and regional efforts to support national and local capacities Global Annual sessions Subsidiary Programme Advisory/Committee

29 29 European National Platforms, Strasbourg, 7 May 2007 DRR is an investment, not a cost, DRR is everyones business…now


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