Presentation on theme: "Early 20 th Century Art The Great Depression & Regionalism Chapter 33 AP Art History Mr. English."— Presentation transcript:
Early 20 th Century Art The Great Depression & Regionalism Chapter 33 AP Art History Mr. English
Between Wars Western Europe is in turmoil Stock Market crash of 1929 sets off the Great Depression Depression affects artists and museums. Government programs help fund the arts. The arts in turn play a role in documenting, raising awareness, and social justice. Regionalism – American scene painters reacting to abstraction show the Midwestern way of life.
The Political Side of Picasso Pablo Picasso, Guernica, 1937, oil on canvas, 11’5”x 25’6”. Commissioned to make a work for the Spanish pavilion at the Paris International Expo. Responds to the Nazi’s bombing of Guernica. Shows the innocent suffering from the attack. How does Picasso’s style work with his concept?
Documentary Photography Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, Nipomo Valley, 1935, Silver gelatin print. Hired by the government to document depression. Depicts California crop pickers. How does Lange’s composition convey her concept?
Depression Painting Edward Hopper, Nighthawks, 1942, oil on canvas, 2’6”x 4’9”. Depicts the loneliness and isolation of modern life during the depression. Stops time and emphasizes empty space.
African Americans’ Struggle Jacob Lawrence, No. 49, The Migration Series, 1940-41, tempera on masonite, 1’6” x 1’. 60 painting series with captions. Depicts the migration of African Americans from the South to the North. Simplified shapes and compositions. What’s happening in this image?
Regionalism Grant Wood, American Gothic, 1930, oil on board, 2’6” x 2’8”. Scenes of rural Iowa Father and daughter of a typical Midwest farm – traditional American farmer. Differing reactions. Landscapes of rolling hills and simplified forms.
Regionalism Thomas Hart Benton, Pioneer Days and Early Settlers, State Capitol Building, Jefferson City, 1936, mural. Part of a series of murals titled A Social History of the State of Missouri. Shows the working class, agriculture, & interaction with Native Americans with fluid compositions/elastic figures.
Mexican Muralist Diego Rivera, History of Mexico fresco murals, National Palace, Mexico City, 1929-35. Mexican artist of large scale didactic murals in both Mexico & US. Highly decorative and full of bold colors.
What to Study? Movements & ISM’s – know what they are about and who the major names/works are: – Fauvism – German Expressionism – Cubism – Futurism – Dada – Photography – Precisionism – Surrealism – De Stijl – Bauhaus – Architecture – Sculpture – Political / Regional