Presentation on theme: "HISTORIC PRESERVATION & THE LEED RATING SYSTEM"— Presentation transcript:
1HISTORIC PRESERVATION & THE LEED RATING SYSTEM BARBARA A. CAMPAGNA, AIA, LEED APGraham Gund Architect of the National TrustFarnsworth House, Plano, ILRobie House, Chicago, IL
2THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION The National Trust provides leadership, education, advocacy and resources to save America's diverse historic places and revitalize our communities.
3STEWARDSHIP OF HISTORIC SITES Frank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, Oak Park, ILHotel de Paris, George, ColoradoSTEWARDSHIP OF HISTORIC SITES29 Historic Sites Across the Country that tell the many-layered story of America.
4Mississippi River, Minneapolis PROGRAMSThe Programs department supports local preservationists in saving and enhancing historic resources.
5PUBLIC POLICYAdvocates the integration of preservation into public policies before federal, state, and local legislative bodies and appointed officials and pursues annual federal appropriations for state historic preservation and other programs.
6WHY ARE HISTORIC & EXISTING BUILDINGS IMPORTANT? Smog in the Hollywood HillsWHY ARE HISTORIC & EXISTING BUILDINGS IMPORTANT?BUILDINGS ACCOUNT FOR ALMOST HALF OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN THE UNITED STATES
7CLIMATE CHANGE Our Role US emits 22% of greenhouse gases Griffith Observatory, Hollywood, CACLIMATE CHANGEOur RoleUS emits 22% of greenhouse gases
10“Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”WHAT IS SUSTAINABILITY?Source: UN World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987,The Brundtland Report
11Pike Place Market, Seattle GOALSMAKE THE CASE FOR PRESERVATION AS INHERENTLY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & CRUCIAL TO CONTROLLING CLIMATE CHANGE
12GOALS- PROMOTE 1. Building Reuse 2. Reinvestment in Older & Historic Brucemore, A National Trust Site, Cedar Rapids, IowaGOALS- PROMOTE1. Building Reuse2. Reinvestment in Older & HistoricCommunities3. Retrofit the Existing Building Stock
13BUILDING REUSE 1. Preserves Embodied Energy And Avoids New Impacts Federal Courthouse, Tacoma, WABUILDING REUSE1. Preserves Embodied Energy AndAvoids New Impacts2. Reduces Amount of New Waste Addedto LandfillsLessens Demand for New Materials
14REINVEST IN OLDER & HISTORIC COMMUNITIES Downtown Galena, IllinoisREINVEST IN OLDER & HISTORIC COMMUNITIESPreserves Embodied Energy & AvoidsNew Impacts2. Reduces Demand for NewInfrastructure
15GREEN THE EXISTING BUILDING STOCK Old San Juan, Puerto RicoGREEN THE EXISTING BUILDING STOCK1. Traditional Historic Buildings were builtto lastMany are already Energy Efficient
16GREEN THE EXISTING BUILDING STOCK Nakamura Courthouse, SeattleA LEED Silver GSA ProjectGREEN THE EXISTING BUILDING STOCKEnergy performance Can be improvedIncreasing Number of Historic buildingsare going green
17SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE THE NATIONAL TRUST’sSUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVEA FOUR-PRONG PROGRAMPolicy OutreachResearch Internal Practices
18POLICY – NTHP AGENDA Incorporate Preservation Metrics into LEED. Federal/StateExpand Historic Tax Credits.Tax Credits for Green Rehabs.3. LocalEnsure building codes are preservation friendly.Encourage long range planning to target growth to existing communities.Fed level legislation – energy, climate changeHR 3226 – energy efficiency improvement act of 2007HR 3221 – renewable energy and energy conservation act of 2007Green building initiativesHow sustainability has implication on overarching nthp policy initiatives – tax, schools, teardowns, smart growth (ms, etc.) recent past.18
19Green Building Initiatives Tybee Island, GASeattlePortland, ORGeneral Services AdministrationWashington, DCMontgomery County, MDWisconsinNew York, NYWashington StateCaliforniaAustin, TXScottsdale, AZNashville, TNGreen Building incentives are popping up across the country in the forms of legislation, executive orders, resolutions, ordinances and various policy incentives including: tax incentives, density bonuses, grants, expedited permit reviews, and rebates.The USGBC has tracked such activity in 55 cities, 11 counties, 8 towns, 22 states, 33 schools, and 11 federal agencies.While most of these initiatives are tied to the LEED rating system, some offer individual and innovative methods to measure sustainability.San Jose, CAHonolulu, HIChicago, ILMinneapolis, MNUS Department of AgriculturePennsylvania Public School DistrictsColorado19
20CHICAGO, IL The Green Standard of 2004 All new city-funded construction and major renovation projects will earn LEED certification.20
21The Green Permit Program CHICAGO, ILThe Green Permit ProgramOffering expedited permitting for projects that incorporate innovative green building strategies, including LEED certification.21
22WASHINGTON, DC Green Building Act of 2006 Requires LEED compliance with municipal and private projects over 50,000 sq ft.22
24environmental choices ReduceRe-useRe-cyclePRESERVATION CHOICESIt is better to preserve than to repair, better to repair than to restore, better to restore than to reconstruct.N. Didron, 1839.
25THE SUSTAINABLE PRESERVATION COALITION HOW TO BEST INTEGRATE PRESERVATION & CULTURAL VALUES INTO LEED & GREEN RATING SYSTEMS
26WHAT IS LEED® AND THE US GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL? The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System™ encourages and accelerates global adoption of sustainable green building and development practices through the creation and implementation of universally understood and accepted tools and performance criteria.WHAT IS LEED® AND THE US GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL?
27worldwide are certified with a voluntary, consensus-based Levels ofLEEDRatingsGreen Buildingsworldwide are certified with a voluntary,consensus-basedrating system.USGBC has fourlevels of LEED.The LEED Rating System is flexible, not a ‘one-sized fits all’ approachThere are a few prerequisites all projects must meet in the Rating System, and beyond that project teams can choose which credits to pursue based on their environmental and performance goals as long as they meet the minimum threshold for certificationThere are 4 different thresholds for LEED certification to recognize varying levels of achievement: Certified, Silver, Gold and PlatinumTest
28WHAT IS LEED ? WHAT IS THE U.S. GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL? LEADERSHIP in Scores are tallied for different aspects of efficiency and design in appropriate categories.For instance, LEED assesses in detail:1. Site Planning2. Water Management3. Energy Management4. Material Use5. IndoorEnvironmentalAir Quality6. Innovation &Design ProcessLEADERSHIP inENERGY andENVIRONMENTALDESIGNA leading-edge system for certifyingDESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, & OPERATIONSof the greenest buildings in the worldLEED – Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design – is the leading green building rating system in the country. It’s a roadmap for how buildings can be built to meet high performance standards so desired by tenants and owners alike.If you can by an $.89 box of crackers and have it tell you down to the micrgram how much salt, fat, calories it contains, you should be able to find out the same for an $89 million building. LEED makes that possible.(Discuss categories)Test
29LEED & HISTORIC PRESERVATION CURRENTLY 1. Out of 69 points, about 20 are building type neutral.2. Another 10 support preservation activities.Any existing building can basically get a “certified” rating with very little effort.Getting “silver” requires a bit more effort and “gold” is readily achievable.
30PRESIDENT LINCOLN’S COTTAGE Visitor Education CenterPRESIDENT LINCOLN’S COTTAGEON TARGET FOR A GOLD LEED RATING FOR THE VISITOR EDUCATION CENTER ON THE SITE
3150-90% 30-50% 35% 30% WASTE COST SAVINGS WATER USE SAVINGS CARBON Average Savings of Green BuildingsWASTECOSTSAVINGS50-90%WATERUSESAVINGS30-50%CARBONSAVINGS35%ENERGYSAVINGS30%If we build our buildings green – we can have a huge impactSource:Capital ETest
32impact of buildings on their occupants and on the environment. What isgreen building?Design and construction practices that meet specified standards, resolving much of the negativeimpact of buildings on their occupants and on the environment.SitePlanningIndoorEnvironmentalQualityWater ManagementMaterialUseEnergySo what is a green building anyway?Design and construction practices that meet specified standards, resolving much of the negativeimpact of buildings on their occupants and on the environmentTest
33LEED addresses the complete life cycle of buildings LEED addresses the complete life cycle of buildings. It started with the crating of a new construction program, which expended to include core and shell, commercial interiors and the ongoing operations of a building through the LEED for Existing Buildings program. LEED for Schools was launched earlier this year.33
34LEED & HISTORIC PRESERVATION CURRENTLY 1. Overlooks the impact of projects on cultural value;2. Does not effectively consider the performance, longer service lives and embodied energy of historic materialsand assemblies;3. And is overly focused on current or future technologies, neglecting how past experience helps to determine sustainable performance.
35THE NATIONAL TRUST & THE US GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL Building a PartnershipChanging the Face of LEED
36REVISING LEED – LEED v3 2009Changing LEED to a weighted system based on LCA Indicators & Preservation/Social/Cultural Metrics
45Hotel de Paris, Georgetown, CO LEED v Virtual Bookshelf4. Regionalization
46LEED v3 2009 Virtual Bookshelf Changes to Sustainable Sites
47LEED v3 2009 Virtual Bookshelf Changes to Energy & Atmosphere
48LEED v3 2009 Virtual Bookshelf Changes to Materials & Resources
49LEED v3 2009 Virtual Bookshelf Changes to Materials & Resources
50Frank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, Oak Park, IL LEED v Virtual BookshelfALTERNATE COMPLIANCE PATH FOR EXISTING BUILDINGSLIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BUILDING ASSEMBLIES
51Old San Juan, Puerto Rico DURABILITYIdentify the relative durability of various materials, systems and assemblies and reward buildings whose components are more durable.
52LEED v3 2009 Virtual Bookshelf Beyond green building blog on PreservationNation
53LEED v3 2009 Virtual Bookshelf Open for public comment May 19-June 22Then will go out for member vote for implementation January 1, 2009
54LEED ND (Neighborhood Development) French Quarter, New OrleansLEED ND (Neighborhood Development)The LEED for Neighborhood Development Rating System integrates the principles of smart growth, urbanism and green building into the first national system for neighborhood design.
55Promotes reinvestment in existing neighborhoods Reduces pressure for development on urban fringeReduces fossil fuel demand, pollutionInfrastructureReduced vmtSPRAWLHistoric preservation reduces sprawl. LEED ND - a collaboration among USGBC, the Congress for the New Urbanism and the Natural Resources Defense Council.55
56Millennium Park, Chicago Manitou Springs, Colorado LEED NDChanges to the Pilot version coming out for final review this fall, with the final version ready for 2009.
57Millennium Park, Chicago LEED ND - GIB Credit 5To achieve this point, the project must not demolish any historic building or portion of a historic building within the project boundary, unless approval for such action is granted by the local historic preservation review board, or equivalent body…
58Reliance Building/Hotel Burnham, Chicago LEED NDOPTION 1 (1 point): Preserve historic buildings located within the project boundary.OPTION 2 (1 point): If the historic building or buildings are to be rehabilitated, rehabilitate in accordance with local review or federal standards for rehabilitation..
59Manitou Springs, Colorado LIFE CYCLE FLEXIBILITYRecognize the multiple reuses and adaptability of historic building types which extends the life cycle of buildings, the building stock and our communities.
60DENSITYPlaces like Boulder are town-centered, transit and pedestrian oriented, have a greater mix of housing, commercial and retail uses and preserve open spaces.
61Millennium Park, Chicago LEED v Virtual BookshelfAdding more cultural/historic preservation and social metrics
621. Social Sustainability Social Capital Additional METRICS1. Social SustainabilitySocial CapitalHow to Quantify the Unquantifiable?INTEGRATING PRESERVATION METRICS INTO LEED
63Frank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, Oak Park, IL SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITYCelebrate existing buildings and provide more reward for the recognized sites of architectural, cultural and social significance using nationally recognized standards and criteria.
64Old San Juan, Puerto Rico SOCIAL CAPITALRecognize the importance of “social capital” associated with historic buildings and neighborhoods.
65THE NATIONAL TRUST & THE US GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL Building a PartnershipChanging the Face of LEEDLEED 3.0/2009Weighting using LCAAlternative Compliance usingDurability of MaterialsLEED 3.0/2010Preservation/Social Metrics
66HISTORIC REHABILITATION TAX CREDITS THE ARMORY IN PORTLANDThe first LEED Platinum/Tax Credit ProjectFederal Program29 StatesStats on useage – embodied energy and avoided waste66
67HISTORIC REHABILITATION TAX CREDITS THE CHRISTMAN BUILDING Lansing, MIThe first dual LEED Platinum Project AND Tax Credit ProjectFederal Program29 StatesStats on useage – embodied energy and avoided waste67
68Milwaukee Art Museum, Calatrava BY % OF ALL BUILDINGS WILL HAVE BEEN ERECTED AFTER 2000: 82 billion sq. ft. demolishedTHE BROOKINGS INSTITUTE, 2004
69The Pritzker Pavilion, Gehry WE CAN’T BUILD OUR WAY OUT OF CLIMATE CHANGETHE SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE
70Governor’s Palace, Williamsburg, VA WE ALSO CAN’T FREEZE OUR WAY OUT OF IT….THE SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE