Presentation on theme: "HISTORIC PRESERVATION & THE LEED RATING SYSTEM BARBARA A. CAMPAGNA, AIA, LEED AP Graham Gund Architect of the National Trust Farnsworth House, Plano, IL."— Presentation transcript:
HISTORIC PRESERVATION & THE LEED RATING SYSTEM BARBARA A. CAMPAGNA, AIA, LEED AP Graham Gund Architect of the National Trust Farnsworth House, Plano, IL Robie House, Chicago, IL
THE NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION The National Trust provides leadership, education, advocacy and resources to save America's diverse historic places and revitalize our communities.
STEWARDSHIP OF HISTORIC SITES 29 Historic Sites Across the Country that tell the many-layered story of America. Hotel de Paris, George, ColoradoFrank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, Oak Park, IL
PROGRAMS The Programs department supports local preservationists in saving and enhancing historic resources. Mississippi River, Minneapolis
PUBLIC POLICY Advocates the integration of preservation into public policies before federal, state, and local legislative bodies and appointed officials and pursues annual federal appropriations for state historic preservation and other programs.
WHY ARE HISTORIC & EXISTING BUILDINGS IMPORTANT? BUILDINGS ACCOUNT FOR ALMOST HALF OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN THE UNITED STATES Smog in the Hollywood Hills
CLIMATE CHANGE Our Role US emits 22% of greenhouse gases Griffith Observatory, Hollywood, CA
WHAT IS SUSTAINABILITY? Source: UN World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987, The Brundtland Report Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
GOALS MAKE THE CASE FOR PRESERVATION AS INHERENTLY SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & CRUCIAL TO CONTROLLING CLIMATE CHANGE Pike Place Market, Seattle
GOALS- PROMOTE 1. Building Reuse 2. Reinvestment in Older & Historic Communities 3. Retrofit the Existing Building Stock Brucemore, A National Trust Site, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
BUILDING REUSE 1. Preserves Embodied Energy And Avoids New Impacts 2. Reduces Amount of New Waste Added to Landfills 3. Lessens Demand for New Materials Federal Courthouse, Tacoma, WA
REINVEST IN OLDER & HISTORIC COMMUNITIES 1. Preserves Embodied Energy & Avoids New Impacts 2. Reduces Demand for New Infrastructure Downtown Galena, Illinois
GREEN THE EXISTING BUILDING STOCK 1. Traditional Historic Buildings were built to last 2. Many are already Energy Efficient Old San Juan, Puerto Rico
GREEN THE EXISTING BUILDING STOCK 3.Energy performance Can be improved 4.Increasing Number of Historic buildings are going green Nakamura Courthouse, Seattle A LEED Silver GSA Project
THE NATIONAL TRUSTs SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE A FOUR-PRONG PROGRAM PolicyOutreach ResearchInternal Practices
POLICY – NTHP AGENDA 1.Incorporate Preservation Metrics into LEED. 2.Federal/State Expand Historic Tax Credits. Tax Credits for Green Rehabs. 3. Local Ensure building codes are preservation friendly. Encourage long range planning to target growth to existing communities.
Green Building Initiatives Seattle Portland, OR Minneapolis, MN Washington, DC US Department of Agriculture Montgomery County, MD Chicago, IL Nashville, TN New York, NY Pennsylvania Public School Districts Tybee Island, GA California San Jose, CA Colorado General Services Administration Scottsdale, AZ Honolulu, HI Wisconsin Washington State Austin, TX
CHICAGO, IL The Green Standard of 2004 All new city-funded construction and major renovation projects will earn LEED certification.
CHICAGO, IL The Green Permit Program Offering expedited permitting for projects that incorporate innovative green building strategies, including LEED certification.
WASHINGTON, DC Green Building Act of 2006 Requires LEED compliance with municipal and private projects over 50,000 sq ft.
THE SUSTAINABLE PRESERVATION COALITION THE SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE NTHP, APT, AIA & NPS + GSA & NCSHPO
PRESERVATION CHOICES It is better to preserve than to repair, better to repair than to restore, better to restore than to reconstruct. N. Didron, environmental choices Reduce Re-use Re-cycle
THE SUSTAINABLE PRESERVATION COALITION HOW TO BEST INTEGRATE PRESERVATION & CULTURAL VALUES INTO LEED & GREEN RATING SYSTEMS
WHAT IS LEED® AND THE US GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL? The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System encourages and accelerates global adoption of sustainable green building and development practices through the creation and implementation of universally understood and accepted tools and performance criteria.
Test Levels of LEED Ratings Green Buildings worldwide are certified with a voluntary, consensus-based rating system. USGBC has four levels of LEED.
Test LEADERSHIP in ENERGY and ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN A leading-edge system for certifying DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, & OPERATIONS of the greenest buildings in the world Scores are tallied for different aspects of efficiency and design in appropriate categories. For instance, LEED assesses in detail: 1. Site Planning 2. Water Management 3. Energy Management 4. Material Use 5. Indoor Environmental Air Quality 6. Innovation & Design Process WHAT IS LEED ? WHAT IS THE U.S. GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL?
LEED & HISTORIC PRESERVATION CURRENTLY 1. Out of 69 points, about 20 are building type neutral. 2. Another 10 support preservation activities. 3.Any existing building can basically get a certified rating with very little effort. 4.Getting silver requires a bit more effort and gold is readily achievable.
PRESIDENT LINCOLNS COTTAGE ON TARGET FOR A GOLD LEED RATING FOR THE VISITOR EDUCATION CENTER ON THE SITE Visitor Education Center
Test Average Savings of Green Buildings ENERGY SAVINGS 30% CARBON SAVINGS 35% WATER USE SAVINGS 30-50% WASTE COST SAVINGS 50-90% Source: Capital E
Test What is green building? Design and construction practices that meet specified standards, resolving much of the negative impact of buildings on their occupants and on the environment. Site Planning Indoor Environmental Quality Water Management Material Use Energy
LEED & HISTORIC PRESERVATION CURRENTLY 1. Overlooks the impact of projects on cultural value; 2. Does not effectively consider the performance, longer service lives and embodied energy of historic materials and assemblies; 3. And is overly focused on current or future technologies, neglecting how past experience helps to determine sustainable performance.
THE NATIONAL TRUST & THE US GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL Building a Partnership Changing the Face of LEED
REVISING LEED – LEED v Changing LEED to a weighted system based on LCA Indicators & Preservation/Social/Cultural Metrics
LEED SYSTEM IS POINT BASED
NC 2.2v3 Sustainable Sites14 26 Water Efficiency5 10 Energy & Atmosphere17 35 Materials & Resources Indoor Env Quality15 15 Innovation & Design5 6 Regional Bonus Project Totals 110 Possible Points Certified 40–49 points Silver 50–59 points Gold 60–79 points Platinum 80–110 points LEED v key pieces: - LEED Rating System updates and revisions - Revision and evolution of the LEED certification process - LEED Online v3
WHAT IS LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS? A methodology for assessing the environmental performance of a product over its full life cycle Arctic Building, Seattle
LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS LCA INDICATORS AND US NEPA NIST BEES – BUILDING FOR ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY
WEIGHTINGS LEED Weighted Credits
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf 1. LEED Prerequisite/Credit Alignment and Harmonization
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf 2.Predictable Development Cycle Regular Updates – 2010, Cultural Metrics
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf 4. Regionalization Hotel de Paris, Georgetown, CO
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf Changes to Sustainable Sites
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf Changes to Energy & Atmosphere
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf Changes to Materials & Resources
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf Changes to Materials & Resources
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf ALTERNATE COMPLIANCE PATH FOR EXISTING BUILDINGS LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF BUILDING ASSEMBLIES Frank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, Oak Park, IL
DURABILITY Identify the relative durability of various materials, systems and assemblies and reward buildings whose components are more durable. Old San Juan, Puerto Rico
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf Beyond green building blog on PreservationNation
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf Open for public comment May 19-June 22 Then will go out for member vote for implementation January 1, 2009
French Quarter, New Orleans LEED ND ( Neighborhood Development ) The LEED for Neighborhood Development Rating System integrates the principles of smart growth, urbanism and green building into the first national system for neighborhood design.
SPRAWL Historic preservation reduces sprawl. LEED ND - a collaboration among USGBC, the Congress for the New Urbanism and the Natural Resources Defense Council.
LEED ND Changes to the Pilot version coming out for final review this fall, with the final version ready for Millennium Park, Chicago Manitou Springs, Colorado
LEED ND - GIB Credit 5 To achieve this point, the project must not demolish any historic building or portion of a historic building within the project boundary, unless approval for such action is granted by the local historic preservation review board, or equivalent body… Millennium Park, Chicago
LEED ND OPTION 1 (1 point): Preserve historic buildings located within the project boundary. OPTION 2 (1 point): If the historic building or buildings are to be rehabilitated, rehabilitate in accordance with local review or federal standards for rehabilitation.. Reliance Building/Hotel Burnham, Chicago
LIFE CYCLE FLEXIBILITY Recognize the multiple reuses and adaptability of historic building types which extends the life cycle of buildings, the building stock and our communities. Manitou Springs, Colorado
DENSITY Places like Boulder are town-centered, transit and pedestrian oriented, have a greater mix of housing, commercial and retail uses and preserve open spaces.
LEED v Virtual Bookshelf Adding more cultural/historic preservation and social metrics Millennium Park, Chicago
INTEGRATING PRESERVATION METRICS INTO LEED Additional METRICS 1. Social Sustainability 2. Social Capital How to Quantify the Unquantifiable?
SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY Celebrate existing buildings and provide more reward for the recognized sites of architectural, cultural and social significance using nationally recognized standards and criteria. Frank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, Oak Park, IL
SOCIAL CAPITAL Recognize the importance of social capital associated with historic buildings and neighborhoods. Old San Juan, Puerto Rico
THE NATIONAL TRUST & THE US GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL Building a Partnership Changing the Face of LEED LEED 3.0/2009 Weighting using LCA Alternative Compliance using Durability of Materials LEED 3.0/2010 Preservation/Social Metrics
HISTORIC REHABILITATION TAX CREDITS THE ARMORY IN PORTLAND The first LEED Platinum/Tax Credit Project
HISTORIC REHABILITATION TAX CREDITS THE CHRISTMAN BUILDING Lansing, MI The first dual LEED Platinum Project AND Tax Credit Project
BY % OF ALL BUILDINGS WILL HAVE BEEN ERECTED AFTER 2000: 82 billion sq. ft. demolished THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTE, 2004 Milwaukee Art Museum, Calatrava
WE CANT BUILD OUR WAY OUT OF CLIMATE CHANGE THE SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE The Pritzker Pavilion, Gehry
WE ALSO CANT FREEZE OUR WAY OUT OF IT…. THE SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE Governors Palace, Williamsburg, VA