Presentation on theme: "Closing of War Industries major effects such as high inflation, women returning to home, rising unemployment, increasing labour unrest Winnipeg General."— Presentation transcript:
Closing of War Industries major effects such as high inflation, women returning to home, rising unemployment, increasing labour unrest Winnipeg General Strike 1919 30 000 workers went on strike (demanded.85 cents per hour, 8 hour day, right to collective bargaining) Bloody Saturday; riots and violence led to 1 death and 30 injuries Leaders arrested and sent to jail but more attention drawn to social and economic problems of workers
Massive epidemic after veterans returned home Deadly strain killing up to 100 million people; 50 000 Canadians
ban of production, import and distribution of alcohol Led to bootleg booze- smuggled alcohol and speakeasies
Gangsters profited during this decade by smuggling alcohol and distributing it to different illegal businesses. Al Capone from Chicago was one of these gangsters. He made $105 million a year smuggling alcohol. Untouchables
The main form of entertainment was listening to the radio. Entire families would gather around the radio and listen to the popular shows. Radio Show Entertainment
Silent movies became "talkies" when sound was finally added. Charlie Chaplin, the Little Tramp, was one of the most famous stars in motion-picture history. He wrote and directed nearly all of his films, and composed the music for all of his sound pictures. Movie Clip
Amelia Earhart was the first female aviator to cross the Atlantic Ocean and the first woman to fly solo. She disappeared in 1937 in an attempt to be the first woman to fly around the world. No trace of Miss Earhart or her plane have ever been found. Important People
Flappers were the first to show off and get a little crazy in terms of fashion. They wore heavy make up with scarlet lips and heavy eye make up. Before the flappers, only “loose” women wore make up. The look was created by Coco Chanel (the world famous Chanel that we have now) and it was all the rage. Women tried to look more like men in the twenties. They would tightly wrap their chest with strips of cloth to flatten it. They were trying to look around the age of a 15 year old boy..
The twenties changed the way the world looked at hair styles. “The Bob” is the infamous hair style that was everywhere in the 20’s. The Cloche Hat was a must during the day. This was a hat that fit snuggly over short hair and reached the eyebrows.
Henry Ford began mass production of the "Model T" automobile, the first car priced so the average man could afford one. New Inventions
Well-known inventions of the decade included band-aids, kleenex, and zippers.
Aboriginal Issues Policy of assimilation seen in the Indian Act 1867, creation of residential schools, and policy of enfranchisement (right to vote if give up Aboriginal status) League of Indians- created in 1919 by Frederick Loft (Aboriginal war veteran) to make a united voice for Aboriginals Immigration Xenophobia- intense dislike of foreigners 1919 Immigration Act- made all immigrants pass an English literacy test (emphasis on assimilation) 1923- Chinese Exclusion Act: banned all Chinese immigrants except students, merchants and diplomats (from 1923- 1947- only 8 Chinese immigrants admitted to Canada)
Farmers did not prosper - new machines produced more which lowered prices. The black population did not prosper - farmers laid them off. Many moved North looking for work. Recent immigrants did not prosper - they were given low paid jobs and lived in overcrowded conditions. Workers in ‘old’ industries (e.g. mining, textiles) did not prosper - they were low paid.
New technologies: radio, automobile, passenger planes Ford Model T or “Tin Lizzie” was most affordable car ($395 in 1924) and was mass produced by assembly line Ted Rogers: Canadian who invented the world’s first battery-less radio Joseph Bombardier: Canadian who invented first snowmobile called “B-7” for medical transport in winter Person’s Case: Famous Five campaigned that women should be considered “Persons” under Canadian Law; finally granted by Britain’s Privy Council and Cairine Wilson was first women appointed to the Senate
Henry Ford set out to build a car which everyone could afford to buy. It was slow, ugly and difficult to drive, and was nick named the ‘Tin Lizzie’ by the American people.
The attraction of the Model T Ford was that its price never increased. Costing $1200 in 1909, the price in 1928 was only $295. By 1929 Ford was producing more than one car per minute
Ford was able to sell cars cheaply because they were mass-produced and every part was Standardised (only one colour and one engine size were available). By producing large numbers of cars on an Assembly Line Ford needed fewer skilled workers, and that cut the cost of paying wages.
Ford invented the idea of using an Assembly Line to speed up production.
How would this have helped to cut production costs? ‘A customer can have any colour he likes for his car so long as it's black’
Car Industry Mass productions & Standardisation lead to increased car sales. More Standardised parts are needed More jobs are created in other industries. SteelGlassRubberLeather More people with jobs means that they can afford to buy a car! Jobs in Diners, Motels & Gas Stations. More Oil is used. More roads are built. The Cycle of Prosperity!
In 1929, there were 81,000 men working in this one factory