Presentation on theme: "The Harvard Green Campus Initiative"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Harvard Green Campus Initiative Leith SharpDirector, Harvard Green Campus Initiative
2 Harvard Green Campus Initiative: Organizational Chart 2000Co-ChairFaculty, Harvard School of Public HealthProf. Jack SpenglerDirector,Leith SharpCo-ChairAssoc. VP, Facilities & Environmental Services Tom Vautina
3 Started Small and Grew As the Savings Grew Base Program FundingTotalHGCIFull Time StaffAnnualUniversitySavingsFY01$ 80,0001FY02$264,0004$400,000FY03$648,0008$700,000FY04$890,00011$1.5 millionFY05$857,000$3 millionFY06$1,155,00016$5 millionFY07$1,700,00019$6+millionFY08-FY10$2,000,00024+$7+million
4 The Harvard Green Campus Initiative High Performance Building Service2 Managers6 CoordinatorsCampus Energy Reduction Programs - LabsCo-ChairFaculty, Harvard School of Public HealthProf. Jack Spengler1 Manager, Medical and Public Health Schools1 Coordinator, Faculty of Arts and Science1 AssistantResidential Green Living Programs19 Full-time Staff40 Part-time studentsDirector,Leith Sharp1 Manager, Undergraduate Program1 Coordinator, Graduate Program40 part-time student employeesHGCI Base Program StaffCo-ChairAssoc. VP, Facilities & Environmental Services Tom Vautin1 Manager, Business Organization and Communications2 Web staff2 Special Projects AssistantHGCI Courses at Harvard Extension SchoolSustainability – The Challenge of Changing Our InstitutionsGreen Building Design, Construction and Operations♦ FY07Operating Cost = $1.6million ♦ Annual Savings = $6+ million & 90+ million pounds of CO220% Office of President and Provost & central administration sources.80% from fee for service partnerships funded on the basis of extensive savings
5 HGCI Strategies for Organizational Transformation
6 10 Elements of Organizational Transformation Change Attitudes and AssumptionsPilot and Expand New PracticesEngage People and Foster New CapacitiesResearch and FeasibilityProcess ImprovementLeverage LeadershipReform Finance and Accounting Structures8. Remove the Need for Conscious Attention9. Adopt Accountability Frameworks10. Institutionalize Continuous Improvement
8 1. Change Attitudes and Assumptions The Transformation of Hearts and Minds that Underpins EffectiveOrganizational Transformation for Sustainability at HarvardThere is no problem because….the planet is an infinite source of resources with an infinitecapacity to absorb our pollutionThere is a problem but it’s not mine because…..what I do has little impact on the planet, I justdon’t count, my influence is too smallThere is a problem, I am involved, I probably could do something except it’s so hard……I can’tget the funds, I don’t know how, I don’t have the time, I keep forgetting, my managerdoesn’t seem to want it, there’s no reliable alternative, it’s too risky, I don’t get evaluated onit etcThere is a problem and I am fully engaged in working on my part of the solution in every way possible!
9 1. Change Attitudes and Assumptions Transform Attitudes and AssumptionsGreen Buildings at Harvard: Shifting AttitudesThere are so many different green building standard we don’t even know where to start or what green building means!LEED is a waste of time. It is a point chase that diverts money a effort form achieving real action.LEED is helpful but the certification is too difficult and costly. We can use LEED but not bother with the certificationWe can do this with the streamlined approach and support of the HGCI but LEED Gold is still just too expensive. We shouldn’t go beyond silver.2000-12002-32004-52006-8
11 2. Pilot and Expand New Practices Occupancy sensor driven temperature SetbacksBiodiesel in University ShuttlesGround Source Heat PumpsGreen Cleaning
12 Harvard University Diesel Emission Controls For Construction Equipment Harvard Emissions SpecRetrofits - 60HP+ onsite 20+ working daysEPAs verified list, or approved by HarvardUltra Low Sulfur Deisel. Preference for biodiesel, ethanolAnti-idling, equipment location, electric equipment
13 Green Building at Harvard :History 2. Pilot and Expand New PracticesPilot and Expand New PracticesGreen Building at Harvard :History2001: HGCI initiates first 3 pilot LEED projects200120042005200620077 LEED Projects2 Certified5 Registered16 LEED Projects4 Certified12 Registered21 LEED Projects5 Certified16 Registered26 LEED Projects7 Certified19 Registered
17 Harvard Business School Aldrich HallLEED Silver PendingCampus Lighting Master Plan, Preferred Parking for Fuel Efficient Vehicles, Green Cleaning Program, high performance ventilation 13 Filters, 80% C&D Waste DiversionHarvard Business School
18 Harvard Business School Hamilton Hall, Harvard Business SchoolLEED Gold PendingOccupancy Sensor Controlled Thermostats, $370,000 of Plyboo Furnishings, Tested Low-Flow Shower Heads Before Selecting Symmons 2.0, HGCI Performed Daylight and Views Calcs.Harvard Business School
19 Weld Hill Research Center Seeking LEED Gold Closed loop geothermal system for heating and cooling, ventilation rates for lab space designed to 6 air changes per hour with night time set-back
20 LEED Platinum Certified 46 BlackstoneLEED Platinum CertifiedSubmitted to USGBC in September, 55 Points Pending – 52 Required for LEED Platinum, Highest energy performance of any Harvard LEED building, bioswale, energy efficient elevatorUniversity Operations Services
21 Harvard School of Public Health Landmark Center, HSPHLEED Certified42,000 Build-Out, Underfloor Air Distribution, Digitally controlled Lighting w/T-5 LampsHarvard School of Public Health
22 Allston Development Group First Science CenterSeeking LEED GoldHighest energy performance goal of any lab design at Harvard, careful attention to materials selections, onsite stormwater re-useAllston Development Group
23 3. Engage People and Foster New Capacities - solid waste- energy use (and waste)- computer info in offices- lights – we all see them on in bathrooms- printing single sided, wasted paper- buying inefficient products (ex. Halogen lights in dorms)- Wasting water – letting it run
24 3. Engage People and Foster New Capacities Occupant impacts on building operations & environmental impacts- solid waste- energy use (and waste)- computer info in offices- lights – we all see them on in bathrooms- printing single sided, wasted paper- buying inefficient products (ex. Halogen lights in dorms)- Wasting water – letting it run
25 Inter-Dining Hall Competition: 500+Dining Staff 3. Engage People and Foster New CapacitiesPEER TO PEER PROGRAMSHUDS – Green SkilletInter-Dining Hall Competition: 500+Dining StaffIn 2007 The winning kitchen reduced electricity use by 23%
26 3. Engage People and Foster New Capacities PEER TO PEER PROGRAMS Residential Green Living Programs9,000+ students from the College, Harvard Business School, Harvard Law School, Kennedy School of GovernmentTo reduce the environmental impact of dorm life at Harvard through…Major focusesElectricity, heating, & water efficiencyReduce waste through re-use and recyclingSustainable dining40 paid student employeesPeer education, and awareness.Practical projects in the dorms.Collaboration w/ administration to identify barriers to conservation.
27 In the College Quantified savings are now well over $400,000/year. >13.8% reduction in electricity use of dorms by 2007>4% reduction in fuel for heating33% reduction in food waste25% increase in recycling$50,000 annual water savings>60% reduction in move-out trash>$75,000/year of reusable items salvaged and resold by REP and Habitat
28 3. Engage People and Foster New Capacities Targeted Behavioral Change SHUT YOUR SASH COMPETITIONHarvard Medical SchoolFaculty of Arts and SciencesOver $250,000 of energy savings from this targeted competition
29 2006 Online Sustainability Pledge 3. Engage People and Foster New CapacitiesLarge Scale Social Marketing Campaigns2006 Online Sustainability PledgeLast year over 7,000 people signed!Harvard Real Estate Services – 3 complexes (1,800 tenants) – 10 REPsHarvard Law School – 8 dorms (700 students) – 4 REPsHarvard Business School – 5 dorms (420 students) – 6 REPs - 5,700 people pledged to turn off computers and lights at night. - 5,400 people pledged to enable sleep mode on their computer. - 3,700 people pledged to buy at least 30% recycled paper. - 4,600 people pledged to double-side copies. - 3,821 people pledged to bring their own coffee mug.
30 4. Continuously Diagnose and Address the Weakest Links in Every Process
32 Continuously Diagnose and Address the Weakest Links in Every Process 5. Process ImprovementDid someone leave and momentum lost?Do we need some in time research?Is there some unfounded perception of risk or misunderstanding preventing engagement?Do we need more management support?Did we consider life cycle costs, rebates, grants, integrated design related savings etc?Has it fallen off the agenda due to other priorities?Is the bigger picture still being addressed?Does anyone have the time to project manage this properly?Does something have to be done and no else knows how to do it?Are we re-inventing the wheel instead of using what’s been done already?Are we missing someone important at the table?Continuously Diagnose and Address the Weakest Links in Every Process
33 5. Process ImprovementProcess Quality Control & Continuous ImprovementTen Commandments for Cost Effective Green Building Construction & RenovationsCommitmentLeadershipAccountabilityProcess ManagementIntegrated DesignEnergy ModelingCommissioning PlusSpecificationsLife Cycle CostingContinuous Improvement
35 Renewable Energy Research and Development Harvard Purchases renewable energy certificates to offset `10% of its electricity related emissions.Harvard has 6 ground source heat pump systemsThe HGCI now runs a renewable energy programto research and develop business models for:BiomassPhotovoltaicSolar thermalDeep well geothermalLarge and small scale windCarbon offsetsThe numbers –- 20,000 MWh, 7% of total electrical loadNOTE – RECs are purchasing the “environmental attributes” of renewable energy – not purchasing actual electrons from renewable sources“Renewable energy certificates (also known as RECs, green tags, green energy certificates, or tradable renewable certificates) represent the technology and environmental attributes of one megawatt hour of electricity generated from renewable sources. These attributes may be sold separately from the associated electricity. If the attributes are separated from the associated electricity, the electricity is no longer considered "green." “a
36 Cost of LEED Credits at Harvard by HGCI Over 20 LEED Projects at Harvard show that there are 34 credits and 6 prerequisites that can be achieved at no added cost if the process is managed effectively.Included in this number are 9 credits that all Harvard projects immediately get.Silver = 33Gold = 39Platinum=52
40 Accounting Structures Are Getting in the Way of Best Financial PracticeBarrier: Accounting structures are driving inefficient design and operations by limiting the appropriate movement of investments and savingsCapital BudgetManagersMaintenance BudgetManagersHuman Resources ManagersUtility BudgetManagers
41 7. Reform Finance and Accounting Structures Green Campus Loan Fund$12 Million Fund - interest free capital for high performance projectsExisting BuildingsNew Construction5 Year Payback MaximumFull project fundedCan bundle projectsSimple payback used10 Year payback maximumCost premium of highperformance option fundedLife Cycle Costing used
42 7. Reform Finance and Accounting Structures Green Campus Loan Fund$12 Million Fund - interest free capital for high performance projectsExisting BuildingsNew Construction$12 million interest-free capital for conservation projects$10+ million lent since 2000+170 projects30% average return on investment
43 Harvard Green Campus Loan Fund GCLF vs. Harvard EndowmentFiscal Year 2007 Return on Investment – 23.0%Overall value of the University’s endowment = $34.9 billion.
44 7. Reform Finance and Accounting Structures Provide Financial Access to the Champions
45 NEXT: Instituting Life Cycle Costing A method of project evaluation in which all costs arising from owning, operating, maintaining and ultimately disposing of a project are financially evaluated in the decision making process.► New Construction► Major Renovations► Capital Projects► Routine Replacements or UpgradesLoan commitments - $2.1 millionAnnual savings - $677,287Rebates/Grants - $367,727Average Payback – 3.6 years*Average ROI – 35.1%**Excludes PV project payback and ROI
46 Designing Programs for the Way We Are 8. Remove the Need for Conscious Attentionby Institutionalizing New Practices
47 Designing Programs for the Way We Are 8. Remove the Need for Conscious Attentionby Institutionalizing New Practices5% Conscious Behavior
48 Designing Programs for the Way We Are 8. Remove the Need for Conscious Attentionby Institutionalizing New PracticesEXAMPLES:Integrate new practices into contracts and specifications ASAPRedefine position descriptions, performance reviews and training programsImplement prompts & visible cues to trigger behavior (signs, bins, automated s)Imbed new metering and verification systems into annual ongoing processesEstablish routines of regular meetings and agenda items
50 9. Adopt Accountability Frameworks Life Cycle CostingFinance and Accounting FrameworksGHG Reduction TargetsGreen Building Standards
51 HARVARD Green Building Guidelines Projects Over $5 million Capital projects exceeding $5 million will seek minimum LEED Silver certification.Harvard University requires a number of LEED credits to be treated as pre-requisitesAn “Integrated Design” approach is to be adopted.Life Cycle Costing assessment is to be conducted throughout the projectEnergy modeling is requiredAdopt an ongoing commissioning approach for the life of the building.
52 9. Adopt Accountability Frameworks Allston’s DRAFT Sustainable Design GuidelinesALLSTON SUSTAINABILITY GOALSLEED Gold for All Buildings% Reduction in Building Energy Use% Less GHG per Heating, Cooling and Power related MMBTU than 2006% of Renewable Energy% Reduction in Potable Water UseTreat / Use % of Stormwater On-site% of Parking UndergroundBus and Shuttle Stops w/in 1 Minute of All BuildingsDiesel Emissions Controls on All Construction Vehicles% of Landscaping w/Native Species
53 9. Adopt Accountability Frameworks University-wide Taskforce Being Established to Develop GHG Reduction Goals by June 2008.
54 Summary of Ivy GHG Commitments April 2008 Brown University42% below 2007 baseline by 2020Columbia University30% below 2005 levels by 2017 [in line with PlaNYC]Cornell UniversitySigned Presidents Climate Commitment. Will have strategic plan including timetable in 2009 (already have 7% below 1990)Harvard UniversityIn developmentUniversity of PennsylvaniaSigned Presidents Climate Commitment. Will have strategic plan including timetable Sept 2009Princeton University1990 levels by 2020 (18% reduction from 2007)Yale University43% reduction from 2005 (10% below 1990) by 2020Ivy Plus Sustainability Meeting2008 Campus GHG Report
56 Sustainability Commitment Implementation Commitment Harvard Campus-Wide Sustainability PrinciplesSustainability CommitmentHarvard University is committed to continuous improvement in:• Demonstrating institutional practices that promote sustainability.• Promoting health, productivity and safety through building design & campus planning.• Enhancing the health of campus ecosystems & increasing the diversity of native species.• Developing planning tools to support triple bottom line decision-making.• Encouraging environmental inquiry and institutional learning throughout the University.Establishing indicators for sustainability for monitoring & continuous improvement.Implementation CommitmentContinue Harvard Green Campus InitiativeIntegrate into Harvard’s Capital Approvals processEstablish indicators for monitoring progressIntegrate into annual financial reporting processes“As we plan for the future, these principles will set a strong course that will benefit Harvard and promote responsible growth and environmental quality in our community.”President Lawrence H. Summers, Harvard University Gazette,October
57 10. Institutionalize Continuous Improvement Continuous Improvement in Green Building :Reduced Costs, Streamlined Certification, Staff Expertise, Information Resources,LEED accredited staffHarvard now has 26 LEED registered or certified buildingsTrialDesign ProcessBuilding ProjectEvaluationRecommendRecommendationsTrialDesign ProcessBuilding ProjectEvaluationRecommendRecommendations200220042005Harvard Green Building CommitmentsHarvard strives for LEED Silver minimum for all building renovation and constructionThe Allston Development Group has committed to LEED Gold for all buildings in AllstonHBS has committed to LEED Gold for all building renovations and construction
60 To Learn More About The Harvard Green Campus Initiative: Contact:Visit our websiteSubscribe to our newsletter – Spring 2007 now availableWe offer Distance learning courses through Harvard Extension School:ENVR –E117 Organizational Change for Sustainability.ENVR –E119 Green Building Design, Construction and OperationsSee: