2Ending Violence Association of BC (EVA BC) Provincial umbrella mandated to provide support to over 240 community based anti violence programs throughout BC.Provide trainingDevelop tools and resourcesEngage in analysis of case law, Criminal Code changes and policyProvide analysis to the fieldTracy Begins Here
3Ending Violence Association of BC (EVA BC) Building better and more coordinated cross sectoral networks in communities across BCAct as bridge to policy makers and legislators, providing information:What is undermine the safety of women and childrencreating solutions to the problems, with all the sectors
4Safety of Immigrant and Refugee Women Immigrant and refugee community = 25% ofthe overall population in BCBut made up 40% of the DV deaths over thelast 15 years
5Our Goal To assist both the federal and provincial governments to prevent the re-victimization ofimmigrant and refugee women through looking atpolicyAnd to maintain the integrity of our immigrationsystem
6Our Project Year 1: Community Development: Consultation and Analysis Year 2 and 3: Solution Mitigation and InformationDisseminationThis list does not represent all deaths of women in BC but they have been significant in showing the increased collaboration between government and community to address some of the systemic problems.These tragedies occur in every province.Violence against women and children is a serious problem with immense personal, social, medical, and legal costsAn average of 13 women per year are killed by their current or former partner in BC between 1992 and 2002Collaborated with academics and community to conduct evidence based research on risk, safety planning, empowerment and safety auditsCollaborated with BCIFV to review the literature on fatality reviews and intimate partner homicide
7Critical to SafetyEarly intervention and support are critical to victim safety and to participate in the justice process (Dawson & Dinovitzer, 2001; Justice Institute of BC, 2005; Tutty, Ursel, & Douglas, 2008)Lethality screening identified referral to advocates as a crucial step in assessing danger and preventing further violence or death (Campbell, 2001; Maryland Network Against Domestic Violence, 2007)
8The Issues 1) Sponsorship Debt Women who have sponsored a spouse who then abuses them are remaining in abusive relationships for fear of being left with the sponsorship debt.Recommendation:Change the wording in the Undertakings to ensure that such debt is not accrued, orCreate policy which forgives existing sponsorship debt in situations where abuse has been demonstrated.Diane Begins Here
9The Issues 2) TRP and H&C Applications Immigrant and refugee women without status risk staying in an abusive relationship because they fear being deported;This is a very real risk: some have Canadian born children and are not permitted to attend to their custody matters and are removed from Canada and the children are left in the care of the abusive spouse.
10The Issues Also if they take the step out of the abusive relationship they have no access to basic health care and otherbenefits without status.If they pursue an H&C application it is complicated and the process takes years.
11The Issues Recommendation: To encourage immigrant women to leave abusive relationships, CIC to facilitate them obtaining Temporary Residents Permits (TRP) as well as expediting Humanitarian and Compassionate (H&C) applications.Use vehicle of providing for TRP and then extending it as is currently done for women victims of trafficking.(from “Keeping Women Safe Report” - Jane will address later)
12The IssuesProvide training to CBSA and immigration personnel regarding domestic violence risk factors; training which has a safety lens first as opposed to removal.Provide interpreters for official meetings during TRP and H&C processes.Create policy and guidelines re: cross sector coordination and referral.
13The Issues 3) Importance of Family Support A woman sponsored to Canada who is abused is often alone and isolated; if she has children it is difficult for her to get out of a state of dependency. She needs help from family.Currently she is ineligible to sponsor if on welfare and she would need to appeal the decision and go the IAD.Recommendation:Policy needs to facilitate or exempt the need for Low Income Cut- Off Figure (LICO) for these women.
14The IssuesPolicy needs to allow for sponsorship of family members that are outside of the current IRPA for child care support such as a sibling, aunt, etc.National Judicial Institute Electronic Bench Book
15The Issues 4) Guidelines A set of guidelines is needed that deals with domestic violence overall for both the immigration and refugee context; just as there are guidelines for vulnerable people and gender persecution in the refugee system.Recommendation:All current policy and regulations need to be screened using a safety impact assessment.Guidelines should address the unique types of information that could be provided to satisfy that domestic violence has occurred.