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Immigration and Integration of Immigrants in Canada's Territories by Robert Vineberg February 17, 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Immigration and Integration of Immigrants in Canada's Territories by Robert Vineberg February 17, 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Immigration and Integration of Immigrants in Canada's Territories by Robert Vineberg February 17, 2009

2 Purpose Provide an overview of immigration to Canadas three northern territories Review the history of immigration to the territories Examine the current situation Suggest future directions for the immigration policies of the territories 2

3 A Little Bit of History Post-aboriginal migration driven by resources Furs Metals Diamonds Oil and Gas Impact of Immigration Need to ensure distinct character and culture of North maintained 3

4 The Hudson Bay Company Chartered in 1670 Grant of Ruperts Land and the North- Western Territory Administrative Responsibilities Initial Migration Canadiens Selkirk Settlers Rivalry with the Northwest Company 4

5 The Great Purchase Confederation Canadas western aspirations Royal Charter to reviewed Decline of the fur trade HBC ownership more interested in land and land development 3 way negotiations (Canada, UK and HBC) lead to purchase of Ruperts Land and the N-W Territory in

6 Administration of the NWT Capital and Lt. Governor in Winnipeg Postage Stamp province of Manitoba carved out of NWT Manitoba – 12,000 in 1871 NWT – 29,000 in 1871 NWMP established Coming of the Railway By 1901 – almost 500,000 on the Prairies 6

7 Klondike Gold! Discovered in1895 Gold rush reaches peak in 1898 Dawson City grows to est. 40,000 NWMP set up border posts Separate Yukon Territory created in 1898 Gold rush ends Population of Yukon drops to 8,500 Territorial status remains 7

8 Today 8

9 The Air Age Post-WW1 bush pilots Exploration of the north for resources Migration largely from the south Some overseas migration starting in 70s and 80s with growth of territorial administrations in the North Most working in government and related fields (education & health care) 9

10 Immigration & the Territories Today Large aboriginal population Relatively small immigrant and Visible Minority population 10

11 Immigration & the Territories Today Most immigration has gone to the three capital cities 11

12 Immigration & the Territories Today Source Facts and Figures 2007 – Citizenship and Immigration Canada 12 Canada's Territories - Immigration YearYukonNWTNunavutTotal n/a

13 Immigration & the Territories Today Source: Facts and Figures 2007 – Citizenship and Immigration Canada 13 Canada's Territories - Stock of Temporary Workers (as of December 1) YearYukonNWTNunavutTotal

14 Immigration & the Territories Today Primary immigration figures are not sufficient to account for the numbers of immigrants in the northern population The immigrant population of 6,275 in 2006, would suggest perhaps 300 immigrants per year over the last 20 years Relatively large numbers of immigrants, originally destined to cities in the southern parts of Canada, have been drawn to the north by the same factors that draw Canadians 14

15 Federal Territorial Relations All 3 territories work closely with CIC But all are at different stages of engagement To date, only Yukon has a framework agreement and a TNP agreement First in 2001 Current agreements signed in May 2008 GNWT is showing interest in a TNP agreement 15

16 CIC Presence One person office in Whitehorse Supported by CIC Prince George One person office in Yellowknife Supported by CIC Edmonton Nunavut serviced by CIC Winnipeg Assisted by officer in Yellowknife 16

17 Settlement Services In Yukon, SPO is the Association Franco- Yukonaise : ISAP: $93,836 LINC: $85,820 HOST: $34,178 In NWT the major SPO is Aurora College : Comprehensive contract for $156,122 Also ISAP contract for francophone settlement with the Féderation Franco-TéNoise for $60,000 No settlement services to date in Nunavut 17

18 Enhanced Language Training Recently offered in both Yukon and NWT In Yukon, SPO is Yukon College contract for $111,274 and Government of Yukon contributing an additional $26,190 In NWT, SPO is Aurora College Contract to June 2009 for $57,621 18

19 Territorial Organization Yukon – Department of Education NWT – Department of Education Culture and Employment Nunavut – Department of Executive and Intergovernmental Affairs All three members of CICs FPT Planning Table 19

20 Territorial Nominees Program Only Yukon has a Nominees Program Hit high gear in 2008 Critical Impact Worker Category created in November 2007 Inception to December 2008: 299 principal applicants 201 of them in the Critical Impact category Yukon likely to surpass NWT as major Northern Destination Yukon also interested in TFW annex 20

21 NGOs Francophone Associations in Yukon and NWT as noted earlier Newcomers Ethno-Cultural Centre in Yellowknife Churches Islamic Centre of Yellowknife Chambers of Commerce supportive of immigration but no specific programs in place 21

22 Policy Implications - 1 NWT and Nunavut only provinces or territories without means to select own immigrants Costs of the program is a concern But cost of not doing so must be considered E.g.: diamond cutters and polishers Propose contracting with another jurisdiction for program delivery 22

23 Policy Implications - 2 Promotion Yukon making good use of web site to promote immigration and deliver TNP NWT and Nunavut need to do the same Portal funding available – agreements in place with Yukon and NWT All three territories should recruit immigrants from southern Canada Québec model 23

24 Policy Implications - 3 Settlement NWT need to press CIC to ensure all available settlement funding is spent and spent effectively Capacity in more NGOs needs to be developed Recommend use of Small Centres Toolbox Immigration needs to be regarded as a whole of government issue: Especially: housing, schooling, health 24

25 Policy Implications - 4 Balancing Immigration and needs of the Aboriginal Population Indigenous population must be provided all the advantages offered to immigrants Benefits of immigration must be clear to all citizens of the territories Cooperation All three levels of government need to work together and all three territories can benefit by working together on Immigration issues 25

26 Thank you! 26

27 Credits Text Notes Please see my paper, Immigration and Integration of Immigrants in Canadas Territories Illustrations Polar Bear Illustrations from First People website: Maps Territorial Evolution of Canada Maps from the Atlas of Canada (Natural Resources Canada) from the Library and Archives Canada website: e.html e.html Map of the Territories from the Natural Resources Canada Website: s/northern_territories s/northern_territories 27

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