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Presentation on theme: "www.dynamicsoft.com Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Realities of Multi-Domain Gateway Network Management Jonathan Rosenberg."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Realities of Multi-Domain Gateway Network Management Jonathan Rosenberg Chief Scientist

3 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Limitations of Single Provider VoIP Single Provider VoIP Networks are a Barrier to Entry Difficult for a single carrier to get national or international coverage Wide coverage needed for cost advantages Capital investment of many international POPs is significant Solution - Multi-Provider Each provider owns a set of POPs Calls originating in POP of one provider can terminate in POP of another A B C D

4 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Multi-Provider Agreements Multi-Provider Case Requires Agreements Between Entities Many Possible Organizations of Agreements Peer to peer bilateral Settlement House (star) Confederation (full mesh) Each Organizational Arrangement is a Series of Bilateral Agreements Results in a Requirement of Bilateral Information Flow P2P Settlement House Confederation

5 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Information Exchange Main Question: Where to Route an Incoming Call? Depends on a Number of Factors: The set of phone numbers each provider is willing to terminate Cost/billing/pricing arrangements Preferences for a particular provider POLICY Decision Must be Made Quickly Affects call setup time How is it Accomplished?

6 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Solution: TRIP Telephony Routing over IP Being Developed in IP Telephony Working Group in IETF Specification is Mature, RFC Shortly What does it do? Exchange of routing information between peer providers Exchange happens outside of call setup Routing information consists of phone prefixes and associated data Allows for aggregation and redistribution Strong policy support

7 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title TRIP Components Internet Telephony Administrative Domain (ITAD) Owner of GW, LS, users Location Server (LS) Primary component Exchanges routing information with internal and external peers Front End Protocol mechanism used to access TRIP data Typically SIP End Users Gateways Location Server ITAD A TRIP Front End ITAD B

8 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title What are its main features? Based on Scalable IP Routing Technology Combination of BGP4 and IS-IS Proven algorithms and operation Support for LNP and Routing Numbers includes international codes with hex values Works for both SIP and H.323 Can even enable routing through conversion boxes

9 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title What are its Main Features cont. Capabilities Exchange Agree upon address family for routing Send Only, Receive Only, Bidirectional Modes Allows for domains that wish to only export or import routes Extensibility Support for new attributes built in Attributes provide parameters for a route

10 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title How does it work? An LS is Statically Configured with its Internal and External peers No autodiscovery External relationships need to be driven from business needs LS Connects to Peers TCP connection Basic capabilities negotiation Address families Send/Receive/Send-only Agree on keepalive interval Route Exchange Complete synchronization of routing tables with external peers Sharing of learned routes with internal peers Only happens initially Keepalives After route exchange, period keepalives Small in size Updates If route changes, modified route is sent Incremental updates

11 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Location Server Processing An LS Will Receive Routes from Many Sources External Peers Internal Peers Statically configured Needs to Generate Local Telephony Routing Information Base (TRIB) Routes to send to peers Accomplished with Decision Process Combines routes from sources Generates Local TRIB Outputs Routes Decision Process Adj. TRIB Adj. TRIB In Local Routes Local TRIB Adj. TRIB Out Policy Internal Routes

12 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Summary Problem: Single provider cannot own all gateways Need for a way to support multi-provider operation Solution: Telephony Routing over IP (TRIP) Protocol for inter-domain exchange of routes bilaterally

13 Insert Tradeshow or Event Name -- Date Insert Presentation Title Information Resource Jonathan Rosenberg


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