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compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic
compounds that DO NOT contain carbon are ________________ Inorganic
Carbon forms______ covalent bonds to become stable Four
______________ is the simplest carbon compound (CH 4 ) Methane
Any molecule made ONLY of hydrogen and carbon atoms is a ______________________ Hydrocarbon
compounds that have the same formula but different structures are called ___________________ Isomers
extremely large compounds made of smaller ones are called __________________. macromolecules
large molecule formed when many smaller molecules bond together, usually in long chains is called a _______________________________ Polymer
What is the basic building block of carbohydrates? monosaccharide
What process allows body cells to make large compounds from building blocks? Dehydration Synthesis
The removal of –H and –OH (water)from the individual molecules so that a bond may form between them and result in a more complex molecule is called ___________ Dehydration synthesis
The following, Monosaccharide + Monosaccharide---> Disaccharide + water is an example of what process? Dehydration synthesis
What process allows the digestive system to breakdown nutrients? Hydrolysis
WHAT DO ATHLETES EAT THE DAY BEFORE A BIG GAME? WHY? Carbs. Because carbs. store and release energy
What is the function of carbohydrates? Compounds used for storage and release of energy
What atoms make up all carbohydrates? C,H,O
What is the ratio of oxygen to hydrogen atoms in all carbohydrates? Ratio is 1 Oxygen atom : 2 Hydrogen atoms
List 2 types of Carbohydrates. Monosaccharides Disaccharides Polysaccharides
List two examples of monosaccharides. Glucose Fructose Galactose
What is the chemical formula for all monosaccharides? C 6 H 12 O 6
What is the chemical formula for all disaccharides? C 12 H 22 O 11
Double sugar made of 2 simple is called a ____________ disaccharide
List two examples of disaccharides Lactose Maltose Sucrose
Lactose is commonly called what? Milk Sugar
Sucrose is commonly called what? Table sugar
The breaking of a large compound (polymer) into smaller compounds (building blocks) through the addition of -H and –OH (water). Hydrolysis
More than 2 monosaccharides joined by dehydration synthesis are called __________ Polysaccharide
List two examples of polysaccharides. Starch Glycogen Cellulose
What is starch’s function? Plant’s food storage
What is glycogen’s function? Animals food storage
What is cellulose’s function? provides structure in plant cell walls
What is the alcohol group? -OH
What is the amino group? -NH 2
What is the carboxyl group? -COOH
What substance is the repeating unit that makes up starch, cellulose, and glycogen? Monosaccharide
THE MACROMOLECULES OF LIFE Macromolecules are polymers (many units) ; molecules built from one or a few kinds smaller molecules called monomers. POLYMERS.
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS Molecules formed from different combinations of carbon and hydrogen atoms May also contain atoms of one or more of the following:
CARBOHYDRATE REVIEW. A carbohydrate is: A. An organic compound B. A Biomolecule C. An Inorganic compound D. Ionic compound E. Both a and B.
___________ is a substance that reduces the activity of an enzyme by entering the active site in place of the substrate whose structure it mimics. Competitive.
1. What is the difference between organic and inorganic molecules?
compounds that contain carbon are called______________ Organic.
Biologically Important Molecules. There are four biologically important groups of molecules found in living organisms. They are: Carbohydrate.
Carbohydrates Lab 6. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are compounds of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). Usually found 1C:2H:1O. Usually grouped as.
The energy you use comes from the carbohydrates in food Your body changes carbohydrates into glucose– a form you can use for immediate energy Your.
Lets Carb Up!!!. Carbohydrates - Composition Made of… (Hint: look at the name) – Carbon – Hydrogen – Oxygen.
But what’s so special about Carbon? Carbon has 4 valence electrons Can readily form and break bonds Forms long chains Can form single, double, and triple.
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS The Chemistry of LIFE!!. All living organisms require 4 types of Organic Compounds: 1.Carbohydrates 2.Lipids 3.Proteins 4.Nucleic Acids.
MACROMOLECULES. Four Types of Macromolecules 1. Carbohydrates 2. Lipids 3. Proteins 4. Nucleic Acids.
Macromolecules The Four Molecules of Life I. Role of carbon A. Carbon is part of all major macromolecules B. Organic means that it contains carbon C.
DuBois Biology Department Mr. Scott Vocabulary Review Biochemistry Quiz II.
Dehydration Synthesis – linking of monomers together to form a polymer
2.3 Carbon compounds. Compounds can be classified into two categories. 1.Inorganic Compounds – Compounds with NO Carbon element in it. 2. Organic Compounds.
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