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By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY

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1 By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY
Final Regents Review: GREECE By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY

2 The Geography of Greece

3 Archaic Greece: 1650 BCE BCE

4 Bronze Age Greece

5 Crete: Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos)

6 Knossos: Minoan Civilization

7 Minoan Civilization

8 The Mycenaean Civilization

9 Homer: The “Heroic Age”

10 The Mask of Agamemnon

11 "Hellenic" (Classical) Greece: 700 BCE BCE

12 ATHENS: Yesterday & Today

13 Piraeus: Athens’ Port City

14 Early Athenian Lawgivers
Draco “draconian” Solon Cleisthenes created the first democracy!

15 Persian Wars: 499 BCE – 480 BCE

16 Persian Wars: Famous Battles
Marathon (490 BCE) 26 miles from Athens Thermopylae (480 BCE) 300 Spartans at the Mountain pass Salamis (480 BCE) Athenian navy victorious

17 Golden “Age of Pericles”: 460 BCE – 429 BCE

18 Great Athenian Philosophers
Socrates Know thyself! question everything only the pursuit of goodness brings happiness. Plato The Academy The world of the FORMS The Republic  philosopher-king

19 Great Athenian Philosophers
Aristotle The Lyceum “Golden Mean” [everything in moderation]. Logic. Scientific method.

20 Athens: The Arts & Sciences
DRAMA (tragedians): Aeschylus Sophocles Euripides THE SCIENCES: Pythagoras Democritus  all matter made up of small atoms. Hippocrates  “Father of Medicine”

21 Phidias’ Acropolis

22 The Acropolis Today

23 The Parthenon

24 The Agora

25 The Classical Greek “Ideal”

26 Olympia

27 The Ancient Olympics: Athletes & Trainers

28 Olympia: Temple to Hera

29 The 2004 Olympics


31 SPARTA Helots  Messenians enslaved by the Spartans.

32 Peloponnesian Wars

33 Macedonia Under Philip II

34 "Hellenistic" Greece: 324 BCE BCE

35 Alexander the Great

36 Alexander the Great’s Empire

37 Alexander the Great in Persia

38 The Hellenization of Asia

39 Pergamum: A Hellenistic City

40 The Economy of the Hellenistic World

41 Hellenistic Philosophers
Cynics  Diogenes ignore social conventions & avoid luxuries. citizens of the world. live a humble, simple life. Epicurians  Epicurus avoid pain & seek pleasure. all excess leads to pain! politics should be avoided.

42 Hellenistic Philosophers
Stoics  Zeno nature is the expansion of divine will. concept of natural law. get involved in politics, not for personal gain, but to perform virtuous acts for the good of all. true happiness is found in great achievements.

43 Hellenism: The Arts & Sciences
Scientists / Mathematicians: Aristarchus  heliocentric theory. Euclid  geometry Archimedes  pulley Hellenistic Art: More realistic; less ideal than Hellenic art. Showed individual emotions, wrinkles, and age!

44 The Breakup of Alexander’s Empire

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