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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2

3 Peking Man (750,000 – 500,000 BCE) Sinanthropus pekinesis

4 Yellow River Civilization

5 Neolithic Pottery 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE

6 The 4 Old-World River Valley Cultures

7 Pan-Gu: Mythical Creator of the Universe

8 Chung Kuo (The Middle Kingdom)

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10 Yu, the Great – Founder of the Hsia

11 Huangdi – Emperor The Yellow Emperor. The Yellow Emperor. Legend has it that he ruled for over 100 years. Legend has it that he ruled for over 100 years. Associated with the invention of wheeled vehicles, ships, armor, pottery, and silk-making. Associated with the invention of wheeled vehicles, ships, armor, pottery, and silk-making.

12 Emperor Fuxi Mythical Hsia ruler. Mythical Hsia ruler. Taught the Chinese how to read and write, according to legend. Taught the Chinese how to read and write, according to legend.

13 Hsia Plaque, 1700 BCE

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15 Bronze Age Empires

16 Shang: BCE

17 Oracle Bones

18 Oracle Bones Calendar

19 The Evolution of Chinese Writing during the Shang PictographsSemantic-Phonetics

20 Axe Scepter – 1100 BCE - jade Ceremonial Dagger – 1028 BCE

21 Shan g Urn

22 Shang Bronzes

23 Ritual Wine Vessel – bronze, 13c BCE

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25 Western Zhou: BCE

26 Eastern Zhou: BCE

27 Ritual Food Vessel, bronze 11c BCE (Western Zhou)

28 Pendant of a Dancer - jade 3c BCE (Eastern Zhou)

29 Ritual Wine Vessel – 4c bronze, silver, gold, copper

30 Zhou Coins - bronze

31 Tien Ming The Mandate of Heaven 1.The leader must lead by ability and virtue. 2.The dynasty's leadership must be justified by succeeding generations. 3.The mandate could be revoked by negligence and abuse; the will of the people was important.

32 The Dynastic Cycle A new dynasty comes to power. Lives of common people improved; taxes reduced; farming encouraged. Problems begin (extensive wars, invasions, etc.) Taxes increase; men forced to work for army. Farming neglected. Govt. increases spending; corruption. Droughts, floods, famines occur. Poor lose respect for govt. They join rebels & attack landlords. Rebel bands find strong leader who unites them. Attack the emperor. Emperor is defeated !! The emperor reforms the govt. & makes it more efficient. Start here


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