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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY
The Etruscans Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY

2 Origin of the Etruscans
Between 900 and 500 BCE Called themselves the Rasenna, the Greeks called them Tyrrhenioi; the Romans called them the Etruscans. Came from eastern Mediterranean, possibly Asia Minor. Their land was called Etruria.

3 The Land of the Etruscans

4 Etruscans

5 Etruscan Political System
Independent, fortified city-states. Formed small confederacies. Had a strong military that dominated all the surrounding peoples. By 6c BCE, the Etruscan military had conquered much of the Italian peninsula,including Rome and the island of Corsica.

6 Etruscan Military 6c BCE Chariot Bronze Warrior

7 Etruscan Writing Most inscriptions found on tombs and monuments and mirrors. We can pronounce Etruscan words, because they use an alphabet similar to Greek, but we have no clue about their meaning. Over 10,000 Etruscan inscriptions.

8 Lemnos Stelae – 6c BCE

9 The Etruscan Alphabet

10 Etruscan Writing Tablet

11 Etruscan Religion Polytheistic.
Believed that the destiny of man was determined by the whims of the gods. Believed in prophecy and reading the signs of nature by augurs. Believed in predestination.

12 Reconstruction of an Etruscan Temple

13 Etruscan Cemetery

14 Etruscan Funeral & Tomb

15 Etruscan Tomb Wall & Tomb Fresco

16 Interior of an Etruscan Tomb

17 Sarcophagus of an Etruscan Couple

18 Etruscan Gold Jewelry

19 Life-Size Statue of an Etruscan Baby in Swaddling Clothes

20 Etruscan Art Art created for religious or utilitarian purposes.
Most famous pieces created out of terracotta. Many murals and frescoes on tomb walls. Lively depictions of life—dancing, games, music, and feasting. Pottery at first copies of Greek works. Later, created their own bronze pottery. Bronze crafts [mirrors, bowls, candelabra].

21 Dance, Dance, Spin ! Double Flutist

22 An Etruscan Banquet

23 Etruscan Wrestlers

24 Etruscan Jars & Vases

25 Etruscan Bronzes

26 The Gate of Volterra: First known Archway in History!

27 Tarquin [Etruscan] Rulers of Rome
Reign of Romulus BCE Numa Pompilius BCE Tullius Hostillius BCE Anchus Marcius BCE Lucius Tarquinian Priscus BCE Servius Tullius BCE Lucius Tarquinius Superbus BCE 509 BCE  Roman Revolt  Republic Established!

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