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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 Europe in 1919

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4 From the German Point of View Lostbut not forgotten country. Into the heart You are to dig yourself these words as into stone: Which we have lost may not be truly lost!

5 Maimed German WW I Veteran

6 The Stabbed-in-the-Back Theory Disgruntled German WWI veterans

7 German Revolutions [1918]

8 German Freikorps

9 Sparticist Poster

10 The Spartacist League Rosa Luxemburg [ ] murdered by the Freikorps

11 Friedrich Ebert: First President of the Weimar Republic

12 The German Government:

13 The German Mark

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15 The French in the Ruhr: 1923

16 The French Occupation of the Ruhr

17 The Beer Hall Putsch: 1923

18 The Beer Hall Putsch Idealized

19 Hitler in Landesberg Prison

20 Mein Kampf [My Struggle]

21 European Debts to the United States

22 The Dawes Plan (1924)

23 The Young Plan (1930) For three generations, youll have to slave away! $26,350,000,000 to be paid over a period of 58½ years. For three generations, youll have to slave away! $26,350,000,000 to be paid over a period of 58½ years.

24 Weimar Germany: Political Representation [ ] Political Parties in the Reichstag May 1924 Dec May 1928 Sep July 1932 Nov Mar Communist Party (KPD) Social Democratic Party (SDP) Catholic Centre Party (BVP) Nationalist Party (DNVP) Nazi Party (NSDAP) Other Parties

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26 Benito Mussolini [ ]

27 Italian Fasces

28 March on Rome [1922]

29 Fascist Youth

30 Lateran Treaty [1929]

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32 Ramsay MacDonald: 1924, 1929 Labour Party

33 Stanley Baldwin Conservative Party

34 1926 General Strike Trades Disputes Act (1927): All general or sympathy strikes were illegal. It forbade unions from raising money for political purposes. Trades Disputes Act (1927): All general or sympathy strikes were illegal. It forbade unions from raising money for political purposes.

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36 Raymond Poincaré & the Conservative Right He sent French troops into the Ruhr in Pushed for large-scale infrastructure reconstruction programs [counting on German reparations to pay for them]. After : New taxes & tightened tax collections. Drastic decline in govt. spending that stabilized the franc [the threat of runaway inflation was avoided!] He sent French troops into the Ruhr in Pushed for large-scale infrastructure reconstruction programs [counting on German reparations to pay for them]. After : New taxes & tightened tax collections. Drastic decline in govt. spending that stabilized the franc [the threat of runaway inflation was avoided!]

37 Edouard Herriot & the French Socialists Progressive social reform. Spoke for the lower classes, small businessmen, and farmers. Committed to private enterprise and private property. Fervently anti-clerical Progressive social reform. Spoke for the lower classes, small businessmen, and farmers. Committed to private enterprise and private property. Fervently anti-clerical.

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39 League of Nations Members

40 Washington Naval Conference [ ] U. S. Britain Japan France Italy

41 The Maginot Line

42 Locarno Pact: 1925

43 Gustave Stresemann (Ger.) Aristide Briand (Fr.) Austin Chamberlain (Br.) Guaranteed the common boundaries of Belgium, France, and Germany as specified in the Treaty of Versailles of Germany signed treaties with Poland and Czechoslovakia, agreeing to change the eastern borders of Germany by arbitration only. Guaranteed the common boundaries of Belgium, France, and Germany as specified in the Treaty of Versailles of Germany signed treaties with Poland and Czechoslovakia, agreeing to change the eastern borders of Germany by arbitration only.

44 Kellogg-Briand Pact: nations committed to outlawing aggression and war for settling disputes. Problem no way of enforcement. 15 nations committed to outlawing aggression and war for settling disputes. Problem no way of enforcement.

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46 George Grosz Grey Day (1921) George Grosz Grey Day (1921) DaDa

47 George Grosz The Pillars of Society (1926) George Grosz The Pillars of Society (1926) DaDa

48 Picasso Studio with Plaster Head [1925] Cubism

49 Georges Braque Still Life LeJeur [1929] Cubism

50 Walter Gropius Bauhaus Bldg. [1928] Bauhaus

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52 The Great Depression [ ] Paris in 1930 London in 1930

53 German Unemployment:

54 The Great Depression [ ]

55 Decrease in World Trade:

56 German Election Results in 1933

57 The New Napoleons?


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