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By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY

2 PeriodizationPeriodization Early Middle Ages: 500 – 1000 High Middle Ages: 1000 – 1250 Late Middle Ages:

3 Europe in the 6c

4 The Medieval Catholic Church filled the power vacuum left from the collapse of the classical world. monasticism: St. Benedict – Benedictine Rule of poverty, chastity, and obedience. provided schools for the children of the upper class. inns, hospitals, refuge in times of war. libraries & scriptoria to copy books and illuminate manuscripts. monks missionaries to the barbarians. [St. Patrick, St. Boniface]

5 The Power of the Medieval Church bishops and abbots played a large part in the feudal system. the church controlled about 1/3 of the land in Western Europe. tried to curb feudal warfare only 40 days a year for combat. curb heresies crusades; Inquisition tithe 1/10 tax on your assets given to the church. Peters Pence 1 penny per person [paid by the peasants].

6 A Medieval Monks Day

7 A Medieval Monastery: The Scriptorium

8 Illuminated Manuscripts

9 Romanesque Architectural Style e Rounded Arches. e Barrel vaults. e Thick walls. e Darker, simplistic interiors. e Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.

10 Charlemagne: 742 to 814

11 Charlemagnes Empire

12 Pope Crowned Charlemagne Holy Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800

13 The Carolingian Renaissance

14 Carolingian Miniscule

15 The Rise of European Monarchies: England

16 Charlemagnes Empire Collapses: Treaty of Verdun, 843

17 FeudalismFeudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty and military service.

18 Carcassonne: A Medieval Castle

19 Parts of a Medieval Castle

20 The Road to Knighthood KNIGHT SQUIRE PAGE

21 Chivalry: A Code of Honor and Behavior

22 The Medieval Manor

23 Life on the Medieval Manor Serfs at work

24

25 William the Conqueror: Battle of Hastings, 1066 (Bayeaux Tapestry)

26 Evolution of Englands Political System Henry I: Williams son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances. Henry II: established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. grand jury. trial by jury.

27 Evolution of Englands Political System Henry I: Williams son. set up a court system. Exchequer dept. of royal finances. Henry II: established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. grand jury. trial by jury.

28 Magna Carta, 1215 King John I King John I Runnymeade Great Charter monarchs were not above the law. kings had to consult a council of advisors. kings could not tax arbitrarily.

29 The Beginnings of the British Parliament Great Council: middle class merchants, townspeople [burgesses in Eng., bourgeoisie in Fr., burghers in Ger.] were added at the end of the 13c. eventually called Parliament. by 1400, two chambers evolved: o House of Lords nobles & clergy. o House of Commons knights and burgesses.

30 The Rise of European Monarchies: France

31 Gothic Architectural Style e Pointed arches. e High, narrow vaults. e Thinner walls. e Flying buttresses. e Elaborate, ornate, airier interiors. e Stained-glass windows. Flying Buttresses

32 Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade

33 Setting Out on Crusade

34 Christian Crusades: East and West

35 Medieval Universities

36 Oxford University

37 Late Medieval Town Dwellings

38 Medieval Trade

39 Medieval Guilds Guild Hall Commercial Monopoly: C ontrolled membership apprentice journeyman master craftsman Controlled quality of the product [masterpiece]. Controlled prices

40 Medieval Guilds: A Goldsmiths Shop

41 Crest of a Coopers Guild


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