20 Europeans Carve Up the Ottoman Empire After WW1
21 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) Republican People’s Party Goals:republicanism (National Assembly).nationalism (“Turkification”).populism (for the benefit of the people).statism (state-controlled economy).secularism (free from religious control).reformism.1924 abolished the caliphate.
22 Atatürk’s Reforms “Turkify” the Islamic faith Translate the Qur’an into Turkish.Secular education.Ministry of Religious Affairs abolished.Sharia courts closed new secular courts.Western-style clothingForbid the wearing of the fez Western-style men’s suits.Attacked the veiling of women.
23 Atatürk’s Reforms Adoption of a Surname. Language Reform: Roman alphabet replaced the Arabic script.Literacy in new alphabet required for government positions.State Socialism:State banks established to finance government-controlled businesses.Adoption of a Surname.