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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
The "Sick Man of Europe" 1600s Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 The Ottoman Empire Expands

3 The Luxurious Lifestyle of the Sultans in Topkapi Palace

4 Topkapi Palace Model

5 The Actual Topkapi Palace

6 Topkapi Harem

7 It’s Good to Be the Sultan!

8 Topkapi “Fruit Room”

9 Topkapi’s Great Craftsmenship

10 The Gradual Loss of Territory: 18c & 19c

11 The Decline of the Empire: 18c

12 Greek War for Independence: 1821-1832

13 The “Sick Man of Europe”!
Crimean War: The “Sick Man of Europe”!

14 The Ottoman Empire in 1914

15 Sultan Abdul Hamid II: 1876-1909 The Last Ottoman Emperor!

16 The Young Turks Revolt: 1908
The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP). Enver Pasha Minister of War Ottoman Commander- in-Chief Mehmet Talaat Grand Vizier,

17 The Young Turks Program
Pushed for reforms  basic democratic rights: freedom of speech. freedom of assembly. freedom of the press. Problem of nationalism within (heterogeneous empire).

18 Two Armed Camps Allied Powers: Central Powers:

19 World War I Alliances: 1914-1918

20 Europeans Carve Up the Ottoman Empire After WW1

21 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938)
Republican People’s Party Goals: republicanism (National Assembly). nationalism (“Turkification”). populism (for the benefit of the people). statism (state-controlled economy). secularism (free from religious control). reformism. 1924  abolished the caliphate.

22 Atatürk’s Reforms “Turkify” the Islamic faith
Translate the Qur’an into Turkish. Secular education. Ministry of Religious Affairs abolished. Sharia courts closed  new secular courts. Western-style clothing Forbid the wearing of the fez  Western-style men’s suits. Attacked the veiling of women.

23 Atatürk’s Reforms Adoption of a Surname. Language Reform:
Roman alphabet replaced the Arabic script. Literacy in new alphabet required for government positions. State Socialism: State banks established to finance government-controlled businesses. Adoption of a Surname.

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