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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
European Colonialism in Africa Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 African Trade [15c-17c]

3 Pre-19c European Trade with Africa

4 European Motives For Colonization European Nationalism
Source for Raw Materials Missionary Activity Industrial Revolution European Motives For Colonization Markets for Finished Goods Military & Naval Bases Social Darwinism European Racism Places to Dump Unwanted/ Excess Popul. Humanitarian Reasons Soc. & Eco. Opportunities “White Man’s Burden”

5 European Explorers in Africa
19c  Europeans Map the Interior of Africa

6 19c Mysteries & Adventures

7 1. Where Is Dr. Livingstone?
Doctor Livingstone, I Presume? Sir Henry Morton Stanley Dr. David Livingstone

8 European Explorations in mid-19c: “The Scramble for Africa”

9 2. What is the Source of the Nile?
Sir Richard Burton John Speke

10 Africa 1890

11 Africa in 1914

12 Social Darwinism

13 The “White Man’s Burden”
Rudyard Kipling

14 The “White Man’s Burden”?

15 The Belgian Congo: "King Leopold's Ghost"

16 The Congo Free State or The Belgian Congo

17 King Leopold II: (r – 1909)

18 Harvesting Rubber

19 Punishing “Lazy” Workers

20 5-8 Million Victims! (50% of Popul.)
It is blood-curdling to see them (the soldiers) returning with the hands of the slain, and to find the hands of young children amongst the bigger ones evidencing their bravery...The rubber from this district has cost hundreds of lives, and the scenes I have witnessed, while unable to help the oppressed, have been almost enough to make me wish I were dead... This rubber traffic is steeped in blood, and if the natives were to rise and sweep every white person on the Upper Congo into eternity, there would still be left a fearful balance to their credit Belgian Official

21 Belgium’s Stranglehold on the Congo

22 Leopold’s Conscience??

23 Berlin Conference of Another point of view? 

24 Berlin Conference of

25 European Colonization/Decolonization Patterns
Berlin Conference of

26 Leopold Defends Himself in Paris, 1903
King Leopold (to Loubert) : How about that!  John Bull claims that I tortured, robbed and murdered more than he did Loubert : No, your Majesty, that's impossible .

27 The Struggle For South Africa

28 Dutch Landing in 1652

29 Shaka Zulu (1785 – 1828)

30 Boers Clash With the Xhosa Tribes
Boer Farmer

31 The Great Trek, Afrikaners

32 Diamond Mines Raw Diamonds

33 The Struggle for South Africa

34 “The Colossus of Rhodes”
Cecil Rhodes ( ) “The Colossus of Rhodes”

35 Uncle Sam: “The Colossus of the Pacific” (A Parody)

36 Paul Kruger ( )

37 Boer-British Tensions Increase
1877 – Britain annexed the Transvaal. 1883 – Boers fought British in the Transvaal and regained its independence Paul Kruger becomes President. 1880s – Gold discovered in the Transvaal

38 The Boer War: The British The Boers

39 A Future British Prime Minister
British Boer War Correspondent, Winston Churchill

40 The Struggle for South Africa

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