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Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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Presentation on theme: "Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY"— Presentation transcript:

1 Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
Modern Iran (1951-today) Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 The Geography of Iran

3 Iranian Oil Resources

4 Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh, Prime Minister of Iran
Became Prime Minister in 1951. Nationalized the foreign oil companies. Got rid of corrupt military officials. Was toppled in a coup aided by the America CIA in 1953. The Shah of Iran returns to power. Q4

5 Iran under shah reza pahlavi ( )

6 Shah Reza Pahlavi (r – 1977) Institutes Western reforms & ties with the West . But, the majority of his people live in poverty. Brutal suppression of dissidents  SAVAK Q5

7 The Shah & His Wife, Farah
Iranian elite/upper- and intellectual classes: very pro-Western.

8 “The White Revolution” The Shah’s Reform Program (1963)
Land reform – 90% of Iran’s peasants became land owners. Massive government-financed heavy industry projects. Granted women more political power – the right to vote. Poured government money into education – especially in rural areas where illiteracy was very high. Profit-sharing for industrial workers. Nationalization of forests and pasture lands.

9 The Shah at George Washington’s Home, 1950s

10 The Shah with Several American Presidents

11 The Shah with President Jimmy Carter

12 The Iranian Revolution

13 Reasons for the Fall of the Shah
The Shah spent the oil profits for top of the line American military hardware. Little money to reinvest back into the Iranian economy. Religious leaders angry with the Shah for too much “Westernization.” Government corruption. The Shah’s constitutional violations of the basic human rights of his citizens.

14 Anti-Shah Protests

15 The Shah’s Chief Opponents?
Oil field workers. Students and other intellectuals. Middle class businessmen. Iranian nationalists. Muslim clerics. Q6

16 Anti-American Pin (1960s)

17 Iranian Students Protest in Beverley Hills

18 The Shah leaves Iran on 1/16/79.
Anarchy & Revolution The Shah leaves Iran on 1/16/79.

19 Ayatollah Khomeini Leads the Revolution
Khomeini returns to Iran on February 11, 1979. Q7

20 Ayatollah Khomeini (r. 1979-1989)
1902 – 1989. Became an Islamic scholar (studied in Qom). Began to speak out against the Shah in the 1960s. Arrested and imprisoned several times by the Shah. Deported in 1978 & went to France.

21 Triumphant Muslim Clerics & Iranian Soldiers
A theocracy is created! Q8

22 SAVAK Suspects Taken

23 The Fate of the Shah’s Generals

24 Iran Revolutionary Poster When the devil leaves, the angel returns!

25 American Embassy in Tehran Taken Over

26 52 Americans Held Hostage for 444 Days!

27 President Carter Becomes a Hostage, Too

28 Hostage Rescue Disaster

29 52 American Hostages Released in Jan., 1981

30 The Islamic Republic of Iran

31 The Khomeini Revolution

32 Women in Iran A woman’s hijab represents her Islamic and moral values.

33 Political Cartoon Commentary
The dictatorship is gone! Bring on the dictatorship!

34 Support for the Palestinian Cause
Funds Hamas and Hezbollah. The Ayatollah with Yasir Arafat.

35 The Iran-Iraq War ( )

36 The Iran-Iraq War ( ) Q10

37 The Iran-Iraq War: Taking Sides

38 Secretary Rumsfeld & Saddam Hussein: 1983

39 Iraqi Soldiers At the Front 375,000 Iraqi casualties & 60,000 POWs!

40 Iranian Soldiers Over 1,000,000 Iranian casualties! Q11

41 the Ayatollah Khomeini
Iran Since the Death of the Ayatollah Khomeini

42 Khomeini’s Death (June, 1989)

43 Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
The Ayatollah represents the fundamentalist Mullahs.

44 The Ayatollah is considered a political moderate.
Ayatollah Khatami The Ayatollah is considered a political moderate. Q12

45 Support for the Shi’ites in Iraq Today
Moqtada al-Sadr, radical Shi’ite leader in Fallujah, Iraq

46 US satellite photo of Iranian nuclear facility near Arak.
Another Nuclear Power? US satellite photo of Iranian nuclear facility near Arak.

47 An American view of Iranian nuclear power
PINOCCHIAYATOLLAH Scott Stantis (Birmingham News) 1/28/05

48 A view of Iran’s nuclear power from Al-Jazeerah
Nobody else (particularly Iran and Arab countries) should have nuclear weapons except Israel, says Bush Hassan Bleybel 10/23/03

49 Another Future Revolution?

50 Reza Pahlavi (III?), 43 year-old son of the deposed Shah.
A “Shah” in the Waiting? Reza Pahlavi (III?), 43 year-old son of the deposed Shah.

51 Bibliography “”
“23 Year Pictorial History of Iran.” “” “Iran Hostage Anniversary.” CBS News iran/main shtml.

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