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Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY.

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer & Mrs. Lisbeth Rath Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 Japan Changes Direction During the Meiji Era: Commodore Matthew Perry

3 1853 – Commodore Matthew Perry Opens Up Japan to Western Trade!

4 What Did the U. S. Want?? Coaling stations. More trading partners. A haven for ship-wrecked sailors.

5 Perry s Black Ships Perry s Black Ships

6 The Treaty of Kanagawa

7 Japan Learns a Lesson! I n 1862, just before the start of the Meiji period, Tokugawa sent officials and scholars to China to study the situation there. A Japanese recorded in his diary from Shanghai… The Chinese have become servants to the foreigners. Sovereignty may belong to China but in fact it's no more than a colony of Great Britain and France.

8 China s Unequal Treaties China s Unequal Treaties After the Opium War of , Japan was convinced that it had to Open Up to the West.

9 The Shi-shi ( Men of High Purpose ) Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. Highly idealistic samurai who felt that the arrival of Westerners was an attack on the traditional values of Japan. They believed that: They believed that: Japan was sacred ground. Japan was sacred ground. The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God. The emperor, now a figurehead in Kyoto, was a God. Were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperors consent. Were furious at the Shogun for signing treaties with the West without the Emperors consent. Their slogan Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians! Their slogan Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarians!

10 The Meiji Revolt A powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun. A powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun. Sakamoto Ryoma, the hero. Sakamoto Ryoma, the hero. He helped Japan emerge from feudalism into a unified modern state. He helped Japan emerge from feudalism into a unified modern state.

11 The Shogunate Is Overthrown! The last Shogun. Tokugawa Yoshinobu.

12 The Emperor Is Restored to Power MEIJI Enlightened Rule

13 Newspaper Cartoon, 1870s? Enlightened Half-Enlightened Un-Enlightened

14 Modernization by Selective Borrowing Modernization by Selective Borrowing Popular board game. Popular board game. Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals. Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals. End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official. End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official.

15 European Goods Europe began to loom large in the thinking of many Japanese. Europe began to loom large in the thinking of many Japanese. New slogan: Japanese Spirit; Western Technology! New slogan: Japanese Spirit; Western Technology!

16 The Japanese Became Obsessed with Western Styles Civilization and Enlightenment!

17 Everything Western Was Fashionable!

18 Japanese soldiers with their wives.

19 The Rulers Set the Tone with Western Dress Emperor Meiji Empress Haruko ( )

20 Changing Women s Fashions 1900 Styles The First Miss Japan (1908)

21 Meiji Reforms Abolition of the feudal system Land Redistribution Human Rights & Religious Freedom Build a Modern Navy (British) Westernize the School System (Fr. & Ger.) Modernize the Army (Prussian) Emperor Worship Intensified Written Constitution (Germans) Modern Banking System

22 A Constitutional Government Copied from the Germans Satsuma & Choshu Families The Emperor of Japan The Diet (Legislative Body) House of Representatives House of Peers 1889 Constitution of Japan

23 Expansionism & the Rise of Military Power New players on the block?

24 Sino-Japanese War: The Meiji Emperor was in Hiroshima during the Sino-Japanese War

25 Soldiers on the Battlefield During the Sino-Japanese War The Treaty of Shimonoseki ended the war.

26 Today Tensions Between China & Japan EEZ-Exclusive Economic Zone. Offshore gas field in the East China Sea reveals recently strained relations between China & Japan. Offshore gas field in the East China Sea reveals recently strained relations between China & Japan. Tension over disputed gas field on the rise, exacerbating mutual mistrust dating back to the Sino-Japanese War. Tension over disputed gas field on the rise, exacerbating mutual mistrust dating back to the Sino-Japanese War.

27 The Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima: The results startled the world!

28 President Teddy Roosevelt Mediates the Peace The Treaty of Portsmouth, NH ended the Russo-Japanese War.

29 Japan Annexes Korea

30 Japan Is a Player in China

31 Competition from Another Pacific Power Is on the Horizon

32 The U. S. Great White Fleet The U. S. Great White Fleet

33 But, Japanese Power Would Grow...


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