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Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

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Presentation on theme: "Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
The Geography & Peoples of Europe Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

2 Europe as a Queen Munster, 1588

3 Europe’s Latitude v. US

4 Former Soviet Region Compared in Latitude & Area with the United States

5 Satellite View of Europe

6 3,800 square miles

7 R E G I O N S

8 Continents by Size (sq. km.)
Asia 44,579,000 Africa 30,065,000 North America 24,256,000 South America 17,819,000 Antarctica 13,209,000 Europe 9,938,000 Oceania (incl. Australia)   7,687,000

9 Topography

10 Europe: A Peninsula of Peninsulas?
OR A Peninsula of Asia?

11 Europe: An Asian Peninsula?

12 Scandinavian Peninsula
Northern Peninsulas Scandinavian Peninsula Jutland Peninsula

13 Southern Peninsulas Crimean Peninsula Iberian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula Balkan Peninsula AnatoleanPeninsula

14 P e n i n s u l a s Scandinavian Pen. Jutland Pen. Crimean Pen.
Italian Pen. Balkan Pen. Iberian Pen. Anatolean Pen. Peloponnesian Pen.

15 What’s the answer ??

16 B o d i e s of W a t e r Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean North Sea
Baltic Sea English Channel Caspian Sea Bay of Biscay Black Sea Dardanelles Strait Adriatic Sea Tyrrhenian Sea AegeanSea Strait of Gibraltar Mediterranean Sea

17 The Mediterranean Sea: Mare Nostrum
Strait of Gibraltar & the “Pillars of Hercules” 2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide “Crossroads of 3 Continents” Caesarea on the Israeli coast

18 R i v e r s Volga R. Don R. Thames R. Vistula R. Elbe R. Rhine R.
Oder R. Dnieper R. Seine R. Loire R. Danube R. Po R. Tagus R. Tiber R. Ebro R.

19 The Danube River 1770 miles

20 Biking Along the Danube
The Danube River Where Buda & Pest Meet Biking Along the Danube Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine.

21 The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.
The Volga River The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.

22 The Volga River The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%.

23 Why are most of the capitals of Europe on major rivers??

24 Capitals on the Rivers (1)
London on the Thames Paris, right bank of the Seine Prague on the Vltava Budapest on the Danube

25 Capitals on the Rivers (2)
Moscow on the Moscow River Berlin on the Spree Rome on the Tiber Vienna on the Danube

26 What’s the answer ??

27 They are Europe’s lifeline!
Answer: They are Europe’s lifeline!

28 M o u t a i n s & P e a k s Ural Mts. Carpathian Mts. Caucasus Mts.
Alps Mts. Pyrennes Mts. Dinaric Alps Apennines Mts. Mt. Vesuvius ^ Mt. Olympus ^ Mt. Etna ^

29 Elevation Urals Caucasus Pyrennes Carpathians Alps Apennines

30 The Alps Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France.

31 Mt. Blanc in the Alps Highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet

32 The Caucasus Mountains
The origin of the word Caucasian.

33 Transylvania in the Carpathian Mountains
Home of Vlad Tepeš, the Drakul (“Count Dracula”)

34 Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide”
1500 miles Divides the European and Asian sections of Russia.

35 The Ural Mountains

36 Northern European Plain
Siberian Lowlands P l a i n s Northern European Plain Steppes

37 The BENELUX Countries Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg

38 Holland’s Dikes

39 Amsterdam’s Canals

40 The Netherlands: The “Dagger” Pointing at the Heart of Britain!

41 P l a t e a u s Meseta

42 Northern European Plain
Arctic Ocean C o m p l e t e d M a p Siberian Lowlands Ural Mts. Scandinavian Pen. Atlantic Ocean Jutland Pen. Volga R. North Sea Baltic Sea Don R. Northern European Plain Thames R. Elbe R. Vistula R. English Channel Rhine R. Oder R. Steppes Dnieper R. Seine R. Carpathian Mts. Caspian Sea Loire R. Caucasus Mts. Bay of Biscay Alps Mts. Crimean Pen. Danube R. Po R. Pyrennes Mts. Italian Pen. Dinaric Alps Balkan Pen. Black Sea Tagus R. Dardanelles Strait Tiber R. Apennines Mts. Iberian Pen. Adriatic Sea Mt. Vesuvius ^ Ebro R. Anatolean Pen. Tyrrhenian Sea Mt. Olympus ^ AegeanSea Strait of Gibraltar Mt. Etna ^ Peloponnesian Pen.

43 10,000 BCE – Ice Age

44 Norwegian Fjords Glaciers cut deep valleys in the ocean during the Ice Age.

45 Earthquake Zones

46 Reykjavik, Iceland: “The Youngest Oldest Country”
Volcanoes Hot Springs Geysers

47 Mediterranean Islands
Generally rugged & mountainous. Mediterranean Sea so polluted (will take years to clean up). Sardinia Cyprus Malta

48 Mt. Etna, Sicily An active volcano

49 Mt. Vesuvius, Italy Pompeii, CE Herculaneum, 79 CE 1944 eruption

50 Eastern Europe

51 Eastern Europe

52 Russia’s 10 Time Zones

53 Siberia --> Permafrost
Average temperatures of January vary from 0 to -50°C, and in July from 1 to 25°C 150,000,000 population. A former “gulag” Soviet prison camp.

54 Lake Baikal, Siberia The oldest and deepest lake in the world.
20% of the world’s total unfrozen water supply.

55 Trans-Siberian Railroad
Completed in 1905.

56 Trans-Siberian Railroad
The main line runs 5,785 miles.

57 Climate

58 Europe’s Latitude v. US

59 Climate

60 Average Annual Precipitation

61 Vegetation

62 Europe’s Natural Regions

63 The North European Plain

64 The Northern European Plain --> An Invasion Route into Asia (& Vice Versa?)

65 Steppes: “Soviet” Breadbasket

66 The Steppes 25% of the old Soviet Union’s food supply.

67 Major Regional Divisions of the Former U. S. S. R.
Chernozen Soil

68 Germany’s Black Forest

69 Germany’s Black Forest

70 Tundra: The Not-So-Barren Land Below the Arctic Circle

71 L a n d U s e

72 Agricultural Activity

73 Natural Resources

74 R E S O U R C E S

75 Major Industrial Resources

76 Oil Export Routes in the Caucasus Area

77 Geographic Problems

78 Major Environmental Disasters & Pollution Problems

79 Acid Rain

80 Demographics

81 World Population by Continents
Asia 3,737,000,000 Africa 823,000,000 Europe 729,000,000 North America 486,000,000 South America 351,000,000 Oceania (incl. Australia)   31,000,000 Antarctica no permanent population

82 Population Density [People Per Square Mile]
Belgium 336.82 Mexico 52.15 Japan 336.72 United States 29.77 India 336.62 World 14.42 United Kingdom 244.69 Norway Italy 192.96 Canada 3.36 France 108.09 Russia 8.61

83 Population Distribution

84 Population Growth

85 Members of the Indo-European Language Family

86 Major Religious Groups in Europe

87 Arrivederci! Good Bye! Au Revoir! Adios! Cairete! Auf Wiedersehen! Do Svidaniya!

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