4Stages of Early Human Development 1. 4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE Paleolithic Age: ( Old Stone Age )2,500,000 BCE to 8,000 BCE2. 1,500,000 BCE ,000 BCE,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE4. 30,000 BCE -- 10,000 BCE
5The Paleolithic Age“Paleolithic” --> “Old Stone” Age2,500,000 BCE – 10,000 BCEMade toolshunting (men) & gathering (women) small bands of humansNOMADIC (moving from place to place)
6Stage 14,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCEHominids --> any member of the family of two-legged primates that includes all humans.AustralopithecinesAn Apposable Thumb
7Stage 1 HOMO HABILIS ( “Man of Skills” ) found in East Africa. created stone tools.
8The Paleolithic Age Purpose?? Humans during this period found shelter in caves.Cave paintings left behind.Purpose??
9Stage 21,6000,000 BCE – 30,000 BCEHOMO ERECTUS ( “Upright Human Being” )BIPEDALISMLarger and more varied tools --> primitive technologyFirst hominid to migrate and leave Africa for Europe and Asia.First to use fire ( 500,000 BCE )
10Are we all Africans “under the skin”???? Differing Human Migration TheoriesAre we all Africans “under the skin”????
17The Neolithic Age Nomadic lifestyle settled, stationery lifestyle. “Neolithic” “New Stone” Age10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCEGradual shift from:Nomadic lifestyle settled, stationery lifestyle.Hunting/Gathering agricultural production and domestication of animals.
18The Agricultural Revolution 8,000 BCE – 5,000 BCEAgriculture developed independently in different parts of the world.SLASH-AND-BURN FarmingMiddle East India Central America China Southeast Asia8,000 BCE 7,000 BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE ,000 BCE
20The Agricultural Revolution Why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in several different places?
21Why do some archaeologists believe that women were the first farmers? The Agricultural RevolutionWhy do some archaeologists believe that women were the first farmers?
22Early Settled Communities Growing crops on a regular basis made possible the support of larger populations.More permanent, settled communities emerged.9,000 BCE Earliest Agricultural Settlement at JARMO ( northern Iraq ) wheat
23Early Settled Communities 8,000 BCE Largest Early Settlement at Çatal Hüyük ( Modern Turkey ) 6,000 inhabitants12 cultivated cropsDivision of laborEngaged in tradeOrganized religionAn obsidian daggerSmall military