Presentation on theme: "Best Practices, Design Guidelines and Standards"— Presentation transcript:
1 Best Practices, Design Guidelines and Standards National Town Meeting on Demand ResponseWashington, DC June 3, 2008Best Practices, Design Guidelines and StandardsA Demand Response Research Center Progress ReportRoger LevyProgram Development and OutreachDemand Response Research CenterLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
2 Communication Standard Demand Response ProgressDRRC research is supporting the California Public Utilities Commission and California Energy Commission to develop Demand Response best practices, guidelines and standards.Building StandardGlobal Temperature Setback (Title 24, 2008)Open Automated Demand Response – communication/information modelProgrammable Communicating Thermostat Reference Design (Title 24 – under review)Default Dynamic Pricing (CPUC Ruling for PG&E and SDG&E)Communication StandardReference DesignBest Practice
3 DRRC ChallengeObjectiveto develop, prioritize, conduct, and disseminate multi-institutional research to facilitate DRImprove DR effectivenessImprove DR reliability and reliabilityReduce costScopeFocus on technologies, policies, programs, strategies and practices that emphasizeA market based approachCustomer Choice.
4 DR Value Proposition – AutoDR Design Advantages Market-Based Price Responsive DRConventional Program-Based DRParticipationTargeted, LimitedAll CustomersValue of DRUtility ValueCustomer ValueDR-EE LinkNo IntegrationIntegratedEquipmentUtility ProvidedFew SuppliersCustomer ProvidedCustomizationUtility definedCustomer DefinedParticipation, Baseline IssuesPerformance, No BaselineIncentivesAutomationNot RequiredRequired
5 What is AutoDR AutoDR is not a program or a technology. Communication StandardAutoDR is not a program or a technology.AutoDR is an information model that provides…Open, interoperable signaling communication and technology platformProvides customers with automated, electronic price and reliability signals.Provides customers with capability to automate customized site-specific DR strategies.Provides utilities with dispatchable operational capability similar to conventional generation resources.Supports all DR direct control, emergency, bidding, and pricing options.AutoDR is being developed as a national communications standard through an industry consortium lead by the DRRC that includes PG&E, SCE, SDG&E, and CAISO.
8 Open AutoDR Communications Standards FeaturesContinuous and Reliable - Provides continuous, secure, and reliable communications infrastructure.Translation - Translates pricing, reliability and DR events into continuous, open protocol internet signalsAutomation – Customer established DR action(s) programmed into facility energy management systems and control equipment initiated by receipt of price, reliability, event signal.Opt-Out – Customer decides and always has the capability to decide to participate, opt-out or override any event.Complete Data Model – Describes information model and architecture to communicate price, reliability, and other DR activation signals.Scalable – Provides scalable architecture scalableBenefitsNo stranded technology assets - InteroperableSupports RTP - Supports states policies to promote price response.
9 Why a Standard ?Reduce barriers to DR - Integrate customer energy management and building control systems to facilitate customer response.Reduce the cost of DR – standards allow vendors and service providers to address common protocols and to develop common response strategies.Improve the effectiveness of DR – automation of “customer devised” response strategiesimproves participationIncreases value by facilitating simultaneous economic and reliability applications
10 Standards Organizations Contributors and Need for SupportTechnical Advisory GroupPacific Gas and Electric Co.Southern California Edison Co.San Diego Gas and Electric Co.California Independent System OperatorCalifornia Energy CommissionUC BerkeleyCalifornia Institute for Energy and the EnvironmentEnernexStandards OrganizationsNational Institute of Standards and TestingElectric Power Research InstituteBuilding Automation Controls Network - Utility Working GroupGridwiseOpen Advanced Meter InfrastructureOpen Home Automation NetworkGridnet
11 Why AutoDR ?AutoDR Field ResultsCustomer driven control strategiesIncreased DR impacts / effectivenessContinuity of customer responseReliable, stable load impactsSimultaneous price and reliability capabilityDispatchableReduced cost
12 8 industry participants AutoDR Summary ResultsCPUC ACR Objectives20062007InstalledIn-Process1. Accelerate ImplementationCommercial participantsIndustrial participantsPeak Load Reduction131 MW125318 MW1687 MW2. Expand AutoDR beyond CPP to other DR optionsCPPonlyCPP, DBP, CBP3. Expand the role of Technical Providersnone8 industry participants4. Improve DR performance (Peak Reduction)CommercialIndustrialAggregate All Participants13%--23%46%31%12%66%37%2007Total15225MW21%52%34%
13 Continuity / Reliability of Customer Response 10Average Peak Reduction for AutoDR Customers Continuing in 20070%4%8%12%16%20%Average Peak Load Reduction15 Sites14%13 Sites13%11%5 Sites10%20031200412005220062200721 - Customer response to test signals2 - Customer response to CPP rate price signals.
14 PG&E AutoDR Test Day – Non-Industrial AutoDR Participants Auto-DR Load Impact – 8/30 Non-IndustrialPG&E AutoDR Test Day – Non-Industrial AutoDR Participants120001300014000150001600017000180001900020000210001100012:003:006:009:00NoonWhole Building Power (kW)AutoDR saves EnergyAutoDR saves CapacityLoads3-10 MABaseline
15 Auto-Demand Bid Performance Max 2Hour2pm-6pmAvgDBPBaseline8/30/071110,85010,67410,416Date of DBP EventNumber ofParticipatingSitesEstimatedLoadShed (kW)Actual asPercent ofDBP BaselineActual Load Shed (kW)98%
16 With and Without AutoDR AutoDR Customer CPP PerformanceAverage CCPPeak Load Reduction8% w/AutoDR-1% w/o AutoDRC/I Customer on CPPWith and Without AutoDR
18 Contact InformationDemand Response Research Center -Mary Ann Piette, DirectorPhone:Ed KochChief Technology Officer, AkuacomPhone:Sila Kiliccote,Senior Scientific Engineering AssociatePhone:Greg WiklerGlobal Energy Partners, LLCTel:Roger Levy,Program Development and OutreachPhone:Open AutoDR Communication Standards -
19 GLOBAL TEMPERATURE SETBACK Building StandardGLOBAL TEMPERATURE SETBACKIn facilities with multiple space-conditioning zones for comfort heating or cooling, each controlled by an individual thermostatic control, authorized personnel shall have the capability to perform Global Temperature Adjustment (GTA) of the set points of all zones simultaneously from a single location. The centrally generated GTA command shall cause the thermostatic control of each individual zone to increase cooling set points by at least 3º F and decrease heating set points by at least 3º F.EXCEPTION to Section 122 (b) 4: Systems with stand-alone thermostats that are not connected via an Energy Management and Control System (EMCS) communication network.