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NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО Relations OTAN Russie

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Presentation on theme: "NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО Relations OTAN Russie"— Presentation transcript:

1 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО Relations OTAN Russie
Lieutenant Colonel Patrick MULLER, FRA-A Joint Intelligence School, CFIAR Strasbourg, France

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3 Toward a true strategic and modernised partnership
NRC meeting, Lisbon, 20 November 2010 Toward a true strategic and modernised partnership Creation of a common space of peace, security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic area

4 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
21-Apr-17 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО Corner Stone 21/04/2017 4

5 Corner Stone Dialogue and cooperation in the field of security with Russia, founded upon the reciprocal respect of each other’s interests, is one vital parameter to security. This dialogue has to be honest, but non naïve, and firm, and able to create a both constraining and acceptable structure to Russia and to NATO. Moreover, only dialogue and cooperation can contribute to bridge the gap between NATO and Russia and particularly help moving beyond cultural differences, especially in political culture.

6 NATO-Russia Relations Outline
1- On the way to a true strategic partnership based on common security interest ? 2- However still profound disagreements 3- Which ingredients for successful future NATO-Russia Relations?

7 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
On the way to a true strategic partnership based on common security interest?

8 End of the “no business as usual”
Foreign Ministers of the NATO-Russia Council (NRC) met in Corfu, Greece, on 27 June 2009 End of the “no business as usual” Vidéo 2 Decision to cooperate on areas of common interests Afghanistan Counterterrorism Nuclear proliferation Piracy Climate change Military cooperation

9 Toward a true strategic and modernised partnership
NRC meeting, Lisbon, 20 November 2010 Toward a true strategic and modernised partnership Creation of a common space of peace, security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic area

10 NRC meeting, Lisbon, 20 November 2010
Upgrading the efficiency of the council

11 NATO-Russia Relations Since 2002, a New Quality
Joint declaration on NATO-Russia Relations: A New Quality, by Russian and Allied heads of state and government, at their summit meeting in Rome on 28 May 2002.

12 NATO-Russia Relations NATO-RUSSIA COUNCIL (NRC)
The NRC is a mechanism for consultation, consensus-building, cooperation, joint decision, and joint action Principle of Consensus But no Veto for Russia In the NRC, Russia and Allies meet as equals and take decisions “at 29” 12

13 NATO-Russia Relations NATO-RUSSIA COUNCIL (NRC)
NRC: a solid structure for resuming / promoting the NATO-Russia relations

14 NRC meeting, Lisbon, 20 November 2010
NATO-Russia Council Conventional arms control regime in Europe START To create the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons, in accordance with the goals of the NPT Endorsement of the Joint Review of 21st Century Common Security Challenges Missile defence; to develop a comprehensive Joint Analysis of the future framework for cooperation Railway transit of non-lethal ISAF goods through Russian territory Expand the scope of the Project on Counter-Narcotics Training Afghan Air Force helicopter fleet : development of an NRC Helicopter Maintenance Trust Fund in 2011

15 NRC Helicopter Maintenance Trust Fund
Maintenance and repair capacity Launched on 2 March 2011 To the Afghan Air Force helicopter fleet Airlift and air power are essential elements of the Afghan counterinsurgency

16 NRC meeting, Lisbon, 20 November 2010
NATO-Russia Council Conventional arms control regime in Europe START To create the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons, in accordance with the goals of the NPT Endorsement of the Joint Review of 21st Century Common Security Challenges Missile defence; to develop a comprehensive Joint Analysis of the future framework for cooperation Railway transit of non-lethal ISAF goods through Russian territory Expand the scope of the Project on Counter-Narcotics Training Afghan Air Force helicopter fleet : development of an NRC Helicopter Maintenance Trust Fund in 2011 Counter-terrorism (technology to detect explosives, Cooperative Airspace Initiative, information exchange, Active Endeavour) Counter-piracy

17 NRC MR Work Plan 2012 NATO-Russia Council Chiefs of Defence approve the Work Plan for 2012, 18th January 2012 - Logistics - Combating Terrorism Search and Rescue at Sea - Counter Piracy  Theatre Missile Defence - Military Academic Exchanges

18 NATO-Russia Relations Outline
1- On the way to a true strategic partnership based on common security interest ? 2- However still profound disagreements 3- Which ingredients for successful future NATO-Russia Relations?

19 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
-II- However still profound disagreements

20 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
? “East is East, and West is West, and never the twain shall meet.” Rudyard Kipling ?

21 NATO-Russia Relations
CRISIS Profound divergence in national interests The NATO-Russia crisis is the resultant of the crisis between “Russia and the West”, and more particularly between Russia and the US.

22 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
« All over these years Russia has been put in front of already accomplished facts: Kosovo, withdrawal from the antimissile treaty, the deployment of antimissile sites in neighbouring countries, or even the endless enlargement of NATO » Mikhail Gorbatchev, Aug 08, «NovaiaGazeta»

23 Threat Perceptions … “NATO enlargement has created more democratic stability on Russia’s western border than at any time since Napoleon”. Ronald D. Asmus January/February, 2008 “The appearance of a powerful military bloc on our borders will be taken by Russia as a direct threat to the security of our country”. Vladimir Putin NATO Summit, Bucharest, 2008

24 Missile Defense Drawing by Niyaz Karim

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28 Georgia’s pivotal role in the global energy market
Analysis of the current crisis with Russia: a conflict of national interests Georgia’s pivotal role in the global energy market

29 The politically highly charged BTC & SCP pipelines
Analysis of the current crisis with Russia A conflict of national interests The politically highly charged BTC & SCP pipelines

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32 Reasons for the Crisis / conflicting national interests
Georgia’s pivotal role in the global energy market A key element of US Foreign policy # Russia wants Central Asia oil and gas to be exported via its own territory

33 Russian President’s State-of-the-nation address to parliament, 12 Nov 2009
A new security architecture: « European Security Treaty » proposed to encompass NATO, OSCE, CSTO Indivisibility of security

34 Analysis of the crisis with Russia: a conflict of national interests
NATO’s / “Western” points of view versus Russia’s points of view

35 Threat Perceptions … “NATO enlargement has created more democratic stability on Russia’s western border than at any time since Napoleon”. Ronald D. Asmus January/February, 2008 “The appearance of a powerful military bloc on our borders will be taken by Russia as a direct threat to the security of our country”. Vladimir Putin NATO Summit, Bucharest, 2008

36 NATO’s / “Western” points of view
Concerning the Georgian conflict Disproportionate use of force Violation of sovereignty of Georgia Violation of territorial integrity of Georgia Humanitarian consequences (IDPs) Destruction of vital infrastructure Everything had been planned & calculated for long (“frozen conflict”, Russian citizenship policy)

37 NATO’s / “Western” points of view
General reasons Russia is a country, not democratic, that conducts a policy of influence on the countries that were in its former empire disrespectfully of their sovereignty

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40 Russia’s points of view

41 Russia’s points of view
Concerning the Georgian conflict “Russia wanted to respect the World order, but the Georgian attack…” “Protection of South Ossetian population” “Georgia’s irresponsible & criminal regime” (11th Sep 01) The war was organized by the US Criminal equipment and training of Georgian troops by the US Georgian attack of August with the consent of the US Not alternative to recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia

42 Russia’s points of view
Concerning Kosovo NATO’s use of force without the consent of the UNSC Disproportionate use of force Violation of sovereignty of Serbia Violation of territorial integrity of Serbia Humanitarian consequences (IDPs) Destruction of vital infrastructure Recognition of Kosovo (planned & calculated for long)

43 Russia’s points of view
General reasons Chaos of international system (international law) Another conception of the world Another civilization Own original model Orthodoxy

44 NATO-Russia Relations Outline
1- On the way to a true strategic partnership based on common security interest ? 2- However still profound disagreements 3- Which ingredients for successful future NATO-Russia Relations?

45 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
-III- Which ingredients for successful future NATO-Russia Relations?

46 Which ingredients for successful future NATO-Russia Relations?
To understand Russia

47 NATO to understand Russia and its identity
The immensity of the Russian territory The Mongol yoke Imperial identity Autocracy , no democratic tradition Orthodoxy, the Third Rome The soviet impact Fear of Encirclement Need for security Need to be treated as the equal of the United States

48 Russian President’s State-of-the-nation address to parliament, 12 Nov 2009
To restaure Russia’s World Power status

49 Russian Minorities in Former Soviet Republic & Separatist Regions
The role of History The Russian Empire: multiethnic Stalin's policy of nationalities Russian Minorities in Former Soviet Republic & Separatist Regions LE MONDE

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51 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
Samuel Huntington ( ) “Clash of Civilizations” thesis The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (1996)

52 Russia’s National Security Strategy until 2020
« Consolidation of efforts of federal executive bodies, State government bodies … to ensure national security ». « In a competion for energy resources, it cannot be ruled out that military force could be used for resolving the emerging problems ».  « NATO’s eastward expansion is a crucial factor in the relationship with NATO ». « Russia is prepared to develop relations with NATO … the depth and essence of which will be determined by NATO’s preparedness for taking into account Russia’s legitimate interests …, respecting international law, …, new humanistic purposes and functions ». « to build a strategic partnership with the USA based on coinciding interests ».

53 NATO, to take into account Russia’s interests?
“The European Union should develop a soft security concept, to replace the hard security concept, represented by NATO” (Adrian Severin, Euro-parliamentarian, Europe-Russia Economic Forum, May ) = The new NATO Strategic Concept 53

54 Toward a true strategic and modernised partnership
NRC meeting, Lisbon, 20 November 2010 Toward a true strategic and modernised partnership Creation of a a common space of peace, security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic area

55 Russia, to take into account NATO’s interests?
Can Russia change? Toward a new Russia? 55

56 Modernisation of Russia
Russian President’s State-of-the-nation address to parliament, 12 Nov 2009 Modernisation of Russia

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59 Presidential Address of 12 December 2012

60 Russia – General features
Largest country in the world Nuclear power Wealth of natural and energetic resources 145 millions people (2002 Russian Census) Population Growth Rate (2006): -0.39% Births: 1,476,200 (2006) / Deaths: 2,165,700 (2006) More than 6 millions inhabitants lost since 1991 A multinational country inhabited by representatives of more than a hundred nationalities and ethnic groups. Imperial structure Strategic partnership with …? Future?

61 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
CONCLUSION ! 61

62 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
Problems of communication between “the West” and Russia Different cultures and perceptions The NATO-Russia crisis, resultant of the crisis between “Russia and the West”, and more particularly between Russia and the US 62

63 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО
21-Apr-17 NATO-Russia Relations Отношения Россия-НАТО Questions? 63 63


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