Presentation on theme: "A PRODUCTION PRACTICES SURVEY OF COW-CALF PRODUCERS IN NORTHEASTERN OREGON: ASSESSING THE INDUSTRYS EDUCATIONAL NEEDS Cory Parsons, PAS Associate Professor,"— Presentation transcript:
A PRODUCTION PRACTICES SURVEY OF COW-CALF PRODUCERS IN NORTHEASTERN OREGON: ASSESSING THE INDUSTRYS EDUCATIONAL NEEDS Cory Parsons, PAS Associate Professor, Department of Animal Sciences OSU Extension Baker & Union Counties
Introduction & Goals Need to provide timely and pertinent information In order to monitor/measure change I needed to assess the current status Decided to conduct a producer survey
Materials & Methods Modified an existing survey (Bohnert et al. 2005) Modified a 22 question survey into a more comprehensive 27 question survey Focusing on economically important cow/calf management practices Mailed 415 self addressed-stamped confidential surveys to cow/calf producers in Baker and Union counties of northeaster Oregon Waited 2 month and sent a reminder After 4 months we analyzed the responses
Results Analyzed data using SPSS 13.0, 2004 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois) 103 total surveys were returned (25%) –72 surveys from Baker County (20%) –31 surveys from Union County (7%) Although County survey data results often varied, for the purpose of this presentation all results have been pooled and will be reported as such.
Results Herd Size The average herd size varied widely, with the most common herd being 301-400 head which was reported by 15.7% of respondents. NAHMS 1997 80% 1 - 49 head 19% 50 – 499 head 1% > 500 head
Results Type of Operation We listed seven categories for type of beef operation, and respondents were asked to check all that applied. Many respondents listed multiple operation types, indicating the diverse nature of beef production operations in Northeastern Oregon.
Results Bull Management 81% of the survey respondents purchase their bull battery from either a bull sale or by private treaty. Only 3% of respondents listed the local auction barn as the location they purchase bulls and 10% of producers stated they do a combination of raising their own bulls and purchasing from bull sale.
Results Bull Management (BSE) 65% conduct some type of BSE NAHMS 1997 54% of producers in the West conduct Semen evaluation
Results Cow Reproduction 76% run between 15-25 cows per bull NAHMS 1997 94% one calving season 10% 2 or more calving seasons
Results Cow Reproduction 63% have a breeding season less than 60 days NAHMS 1997 62% < 105 days 21.2% <64 days
Results Calf Marketing When asked if they currently participate in a retained ownership / niche marketing program 29% stated yes with the remaining 71% stating no.
Conclusions Though not totally inclusive I believe that the results of this survey will be extremely valuable in guiding the Extension livestock programming efforts in Northeastern Oregon.
Conclusions Practices such as, –not verifying pregnancy –not testing forages –not conducting BSE –not selling open cows are some areas that could benefit from educational efforts with positive impacts.
Cory Parsons, PAS Associate Professor, Department of Animal Sciences OSU Extension Baker & Union Counties THANK YOU QUESTIONS