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Managing Small Woodlots by Dan Goerlich Virginia Cooperative Extension.

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Presentation on theme: "Managing Small Woodlots by Dan Goerlich Virginia Cooperative Extension."— Presentation transcript:

1 Managing Small Woodlots by Dan Goerlich Virginia Cooperative Extension

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3 In the Southern Region… 214 million acres of forestland 214 million acres of forestland –69% forestland owned by private forest landowners –2/3 of private forest landowners own tracts < 10 acres

4 With Regard to Virginia… 15.4 million acres forest land (61% total area) 15.4 million acres forest land (61% total area) 78% owned by PFLs 78% owned by PFLs 73% own < 10 acres, controlling 5% of the acreage 73% own < 10 acres, controlling 5% of the acreage

5 VA Forested Tract Size, 1992 (from Scrivani, VDOF ) In terms of numbers, 90% of the parcels are less than 50 acres. The mean is 29 acres.

6 695 acres Contiguous Forest Tract (Louisa Co, VA)

7 10 acres average; 0.1 to 90 ac 65 Different Ownership Parcels

8 Our Forest Landowners are… Important to the economy Important to the economy Forest industry #1 employer; #2 wages Forest industry #1 employer; #2 wages 30 billion dollars annually to VA economy (1993) 30 billion dollars annually to VA economy (1993) County level, forest products (timber) often most economically important crop County level, forest products (timber) often most economically important crop Recreation, fishing, hunting Recreation, fishing, hunting Special (non-timber) forest products Special (non-timber) forest products Important to the environment Important to the environment Watershed protection Watershed protection Wildlife and plant habitat – diversity issues Wildlife and plant habitat – diversity issues Air and aesthetic quality Air and aesthetic quality

9 Forest Trends private forest landowner numbers private forest landowner numbers ownership tract acreage ownership tract acreage short tenure of ownership short tenure of ownership different owners (land ethic) ? different owners (land ethic) ?

10 Reasons for Owning Land On a scale of -3 to 3, where -3 is not important, 0 is neutral, and +3 is very important. 2.3 Having privacy 2.1 Enjoying the scenery 2.0 Seeing wildlife 1.9 Walking on their land 1.8 Living in a healthy place 1.6 Escaping the rat race of civilization 1.5 Living simply 1.4 Watching things grow 1.4 Building ones own house 1.2 Preserving nature -1.2 Forest help pay for special expenses like college education -1.6 Forest as a supplemental source of income -1.7 Forest as a major source of income From (Hull, Robertson, and Buyoff 2004)

11 Disconnect With Small Landowners Most forest stewardship programs directed to owners with more than 10 acres Most forest stewardship programs directed to owners with more than 10 acres Urban forestry programs address community forests Urban forestry programs address community forests No specific program for those with 1-10 acre forest landowners that make up the majority (two-thirds) No specific program for those with 1-10 acre forest landowners that make up the majority (two-thirds) There are few service providers at present to work with this audience There are few service providers at present to work with this audience

12 Managing Small Woodlots Two day event… Two day event… Full day general session (indoor) Full day general session (indoor) Evening program for overnight guests Evening program for overnight guests Half day of concurrent sessions (indoor and outdoor) Half day of concurrent sessions (indoor and outdoor) Half day general session (outdoor) Half day general session (outdoor) Rustic setting Rustic setting $25.00 registration fee (lodging add $26.00) $25.00 registration fee (lodging add $26.00) 19 instructors and volunteers from 8 agencies / departments 19 instructors and volunteers from 8 agencies / departments 84 participants (73 landowners, 9 foresters, 2 loggers) 84 participants (73 landowners, 9 foresters, 2 loggers)

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14 Evaluation Program received glowing remarks. Program received glowing remarks. Participants reported increased knowledge levels ranging from 33% to 186% for various topics. Participants reported increased knowledge levels ranging from 33% to 186% for various topics. Respondents rated the overall program organization and format as 4.5 on a 5.0 scale. Respondents rated the overall program organization and format as 4.5 on a 5.0 scale. 100% indicated that the event would help them accomplish their management objectives more effectively. 100% indicated that the event would help them accomplish their management objectives more effectively.

15 Six Month Follow-up Evaluation In general: In general: I have implemented a management practice that I learned at the workshop I have implemented a management practice that I learned at the workshop I havent had time yet, but I plan to implement a management practice that I learned at the workshop I havent had time yet, but I plan to implement a management practice that I learned at the workshop I sought professional assistance to achieve a management objective I sought professional assistance to achieve a management objective I did not make any changes I did not make any changes

16 More specifically…general session I prioritized my objectives I prioritized my objectives I considered how my efforts to attract wildlife might impact me (and others) I considered how my efforts to attract wildlife might impact me (and others) I engaged in landscaping to increase privacy and scenery I engaged in landscaping to increase privacy and scenery I attempted some low impact logging I attempted some low impact logging I sought information on cost-share programs I sought information on cost-share programs

17 More specifically….block 1 I created backyard habitat I created backyard habitat I identified and controlled an invasive exotic species I identified and controlled an invasive exotic species I took steps to locate, build, and/or manage a pond I took steps to locate, build, and/or manage a pond

18 More specifically…block 2 I checked out the Virginia Fish & Wildlife Information Service on-line I checked out the Virginia Fish & Wildlife Information Service on-line I was able to identify trees that I couldnt before I was able to identify trees that I couldnt before I managed a stream or spring on my property I managed a stream or spring on my property

19 More specifically…block 3 I planted deer resistant plants I planted deer resistant plants I used crop-tree management and/or thinning to grow trees larger, faster I used crop-tree management and/or thinning to grow trees larger, faster I took steps to manage or improve a wetland I took steps to manage or improve a wetland

20 More specifically…field session I felled a tree using the open-face bore cut technique I felled a tree using the open-face bore cut technique I tried my hand at making charcoal I tried my hand at making charcoal I purchased a portable sawmill--or hired a small sawmill operator--to turn my logs into boards I purchased a portable sawmill--or hired a small sawmill operator--to turn my logs into boards other _____________________________ other _____________________________

21 Six Month Follow-up Results Action % of Respondents I have implemented a management practice that I learned at the workshop 37% I havent had time yet, but I plan to implement a management practice that I learned at the workshop 37% I sought professional assistance to achieve a management objective 27% I did not make any changes 5%

22 Action% of Respondents I considered how my efforts to attract wildlife might impact me ( and others) 59% I prioritized my objectives 46% I was able to identify trees that I couldnt before 37% I identified and controlled an invasive exotic species 34% I created a backyard habitat 27% I managed a stream or spring on my property 24% I engaged in landscaping to increase privacy and scenery 24% I took steps to locate, build, and/or manage a pond 24% I used crop-tree management and/or thinning to grow trees larger, faster 24% I felled a tree using the open-face bore cut technique 22% Other (sharing knowledge with others, looked for property to purchase, stopped feeding wildlife) 20% I planted deer resistant plants 17% I sought information on cost-share programs 15% I checked out the Virginia Fish & Wildlife Information Service on-line 15% I took steps to manage or improve a wetland 12% I purchased a portable sawmill or hired a small sawmill operator to turn my logs into boards 12% I attempted some low impact logging 7% I tried my hand at making charcoal 0%

23 Reasons for Owning Land On a scale of -3 to 3, where -3 is not important, 0 is neutral, and +3 is very important. 2.3 Having privacy 2.1 Enjoying the scenery 2.0 Seeing wildlife 1.9 Walking on their land 1.8 Living in a healthy place 1.6 Escaping the rat race of civilization 1.5 Living simply 1.4 Watching things grow 1.4 Building ones own house 1.2 Preserving nature -1.2 Forest help pay for special expenses like college education -1.6 Forest as a supplemental source of income -1.7 Forest as a major source of income From (Hull, Robertson, and Buyoff 2004)

24 New Tools are Available The Woods in Your Backyard The Woods in Your Backyard Woodscaping Your Woodlands, North Carolina State University Pub AG584 Woodscaping Your Woodlands, North Carolina State University Pub AG584 USDA Forest Service Program Changing Roles: WUI Professional Development Program USDA Forest Service Program Changing Roles: WUI Professional Development Program

25 Contact Dan Goerlich Virginia Cooperative Extension 150B Slayton Ave., Suite 112D Danville, VA Phone (office): Phone (cell):


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