2 Philippine IslandsThe Japanese continued to win victories in the Pacific until the Battle of Midway.A few hours after their attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese attacked airfields in the Philippines.A few days later, troops landed on the Philippine Islands, strongly outnumbering American and Filipino forces.
3 Giving up the Philippines General Douglas MacArthur decided to retreat to the Bataan Peninsula.Eventually the defenders of Bataan surrendered.April 9, 1942
4 Prisoners of War (POWs) Japanese were infamous on how they badly treated POWsIn the Philippines, nearly 78,000 soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to a Japanese prison camps.Almost 10,000 troops died on the way.The march was later called the Bataan Death March.
5 Firing Back-April 18, 1942By early 1942, the United States was preparing to drop bombs on Tokyo.President Roosevelt ordered Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle to command the mission.America bombed Japan for the first time in April of that year.Doolittle’s raid sent Japanese strategy into a tailspin.
6 Breaking the CodeThanks to the work of code breakers, American forces were able to decode Japan’s plan to attack both New Guinea and Midway.
7 Battle of Coral Sea-April 7-8, 1942 Japan suffers its first defeat of the war during the Battle of the Coral Sea off New Guinea –The first time in history that two opposing carrier forces fought only using aircraft without the opposing ships ever sighting each other.American forces prevented the Japanese from cutting supply lines to Australia.
8 Battle of Midway-June 4-7, 1942 Knowing the code allowed Admiral Chester Nimitz to ambush the Japanese fleet at Midway and win the battle.At the Battle of Midway, 3,057 Japanese had died.FOUR Japanese Aircraft carriers were sunk by the Americans.The Battle of Midway was a turning point.
9 We want a planIn 1942, Joseph Stalin wanted President the Americans and British to open a second front against Germany.Winston Churchill, however, wanted to attack the periphery, or edges, of the German empire.
10 Why North Africa was Import Egypt was very important to the British because of the Suez Canal, the route used by most of Britain's Empire to send supplies to Britain
11 Nazi German’s Afrika Korp The German “Afrika Korp” was commanded by General Erwin Rommel, a brilliant commander whose success earned him the nickname, the “desert fox”
12 Agreeing to attack the edges Roosevelt agreed and ordered troops to invade Morocco and Algeria in North Africa.These were French territories under German control.
13 Casablanca General Patton led the American forces in Morocco. They quickly captured the city of Casablanca.Then they headed east into Tunisia, where they struggled in their first real battle with German forces.
14 Battle of Kasserine Pass In the Battle of Kasserine Pass, 7,000 Americans were injured.Together with British forces, they were able to defeat the Germans in North Africa in 1943.
15 German SubsAt the same time, the war against German submarines in the Atlantic intensified as well.German submarines had entered American coastal waters.By August of 1942, Germans had sunk about 360 American ships there.
16 Convoy System This convinced the U.S. Navy to set up a convoy system. Cargo ships traveled in groups escorted by navy warships.American and British shipyards also upped production of cargo ships.Soon they were producing more ships than the German submarines were sinking.The United States was also using new technology such as radar, sonar, and depth charges against the submarines.The war slowly turned in favor of the Allies.
17 Battle of StalingradIn the spring of 1942, Hitler was confident he could beat the Soviets by wrecking the Soviet economy.The city of Stalingrad controlled the Volga River and was a major railroad junction, capturing the city was the key to Germany’s attack.He considered the city of Stalingrad central to his efforts.
18 Not the right suppliesHitler ordered his troops to capture and hold the city at all costs.In September of that year, German troops entered Stalingrad, but they were not equipped for the cold in ways the Soviet army was.
19 Victory and Turning Point The Germans lost thousands of soldiers.In November, Soviet reinforcements arrived and trapped almost 250,000 German troops within the city.The Germans surrendered the city in February of 1943.The Battle of Stalingrad was a major turning point of the war, because it put Germans on the defensive.