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Being part of Scotlands story under the UN Disability Convention - Seminar 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Being part of Scotlands story under the UN Disability Convention - Seminar 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Being part of Scotlands story under the UN Disability Convention - Seminar 1

2 Monday 12 December – 1pm Rights in a Recession

3 Welcome and overview Jemma Neville, Scottish Human Rights Commission Welcome to the seminar! What is the seminar series? Please introduce yourself online Palantyping Everything will be recorded Please ask questions Tweet #crpdseminar Introductions – hand over to Duncan Wilson, Scottish Human Rights Commission and Dr Pauline Nolan, Inclusion Scotland

4 The Disability Convention Duncan Wilson, Head of Strategy and Legal, Scottish Human Rights Commission International human rights agreement signed by UK Government Commitment to ensure disabled people enjoy same human rights as others Is about making sure disabled people have real choice and control in all areas of life

5 Role of the Commissions 4 Commissions across UK are the independent mechanisms to promote, protect and monitor the implementation of the Convention. Promote = encourage action by Government to implement the Convention further & understanding of the rights in the Convention (including amongst disabled people) Protect = to challenge any reduction in peoples rights Monitor = to gather evidence and report to UN Disability Committee

6 Role of disabled people Nothing about us, without us – disabled people are central to the implementation of the Convention Involvement of disabled people as with autonomy - choice and control - in all areas of life Not just monitoring breaches, legislation etc but achieving social change

7 Human Rights of Disabled People in a recession (general principles) Participation You have the right to take part in decisions that affect your rights, including budgetary decisions Article 8, ECHR/HRA; Article 4(3) CRPD;

8 Accountability The rights of disabled people must be taken into account by local authorities in their budget decisions Section 6 Human Rights Act; Article 4(1)(c) CRPD; Human Rights of Disabled People in a recession (general principles)

9 Non-Discrimination and Equality Public authorities must pay due regard to the need to advance equality of opportunity for disabled people in all their decisions ; and budget decisions must prioritise those in the most marginalised situations Public Sector Equality Duties (s149 EA 2010) Article 4(2) CRPD; Article 2(2) International Covenant on ESC Rights; Human Rights of Disabled People in a recession (general principles )

10 Empowerment Disabled people should be given the support they may need to take part in budgetary decisions Article 8 ECHR/HRA Article 12 CRPD Human Rights of Disabled People in a recession (general principles)

11 Legality Budget decisions must be compatible with the full range of disabled peoples human rights (civil and political and economic, social and cultural) Art 8 & Art 3 ECHR/ HRA Art 17 & 19 CRPD Human Rights of Disabled People in a recession (general principles)

12 Some of the rights at stake Absolute rights like right to life and freedom from degrading treatment and– red lines below which practice must not fall (Art 2 and 3 ECHR/HRA) Qualified rights like the right to private and family life: broad scope; interference must be based on law, pursue a legitimate aim and proportionate (least restrictive alternative)

13 Economic, social and cultural rights like the right to adequate housing/highest attainable standard of health: –Duties to respect, protect and fulfil –Progressive realisation –Prioritisation of the most marginalised and of minimum essential levels –reasonableness

14 UNCRDP: The recession and disabled peoples human rights Dr Pauline Nolan

15 The Recession and disabled people in Scotland 2008 but feeling effects now Triple whammy Fiscal cuts in response disproportionately affecting disabled people - cuts to essential benefits - cuts to services - increase in charges Targeted media campaign on benefit fraud increase in experiences of harassment

16 Network of disabled peoples organisations and individual disabled people Draw attention to the physical, social, economic and attitudinal barriers that affect our everyday lives as disabled people and exclude us from the mainstream of society.

17 Nothing About us, Without us Aim: To empower disabled people to have an effective voice at policy and decision making level in Scotland and beyond. UN CRDP IS Recent Activities - Response to UK government (consulted members) - Submission to UN Council on Human Rights (UPR) - Human Rights Tool-kit launched

18 Scale of the Benefit Cuts: Impact in Scotland = over £2 billion being taken out of local economies IS estimate at least half of that (£1 billion) is being taken from Scottish disabled people and their families

19 By 2015 the total loss to disabled people resulting from reforms to just three welfare benefits will be £688 million annually Time limiting contributory ESA to 12 months and people failing WCA and losing benefit altogether or moving onto JSA will result in annual losses of £378.6 million. The 20% reduction in DLA/PIP expenditure will result in a £268 million loss in benefits and The loss in Housing Benefits to disabled peoples households who are social housing tenants will amount to £42 million annually. Total annual loss from these three benefits = £688 million

20 Cuts to benefits DLA, ESA, uprating of benefits change Disabled people more likely to rely on other benefits too housing benefits will reduce by average £13 p.w. for under occupancy penalty +66,000 households with disabled people will need to find additional money Household dependents and non-dependents likely to lose benefits too

21 Others Independent Living Fund removed – future of human rights for young people WRB proposes to remove automatic entitlement to contributory entitlement for disabled children; young disabled adults will not have NI payments. Idea of independent living removed entirely. And facing additional charges e.g. for care

22 Without the income these benefits bring, disabled people will: - Lose access to their communities, social and family life - Lose passported benefits e.g. travel passes - Potentially be made homeless/ be moved to residential care -Be more likely to need emergency treatment and/or health and/or social services

23 LA Cuts to Services threshold of eligibility criteria life and limb care Procurement: cheapest not always the safest Impact: adult left on chemical toilet/ in incontinence pads instead of day or night care services other examples of neglect and abuse

24 Rates of fraud very low for DLA and ESA (both below 0.5%) Yet DWP putting out press releases playing up the rate of fraud and error Negative stories in the press, for example, re motability scheme in turn, leading to attacks and abuse

25 Hate crime/ harassment Recent SCOPE survey EHRC Hidden in Plain Sight report Our members have been telling us the same DWP campaign in media to report benefit fraudsters can only worsen this situation

26 CASE STUDY (LCIL) Robert Age: 38 Impairment: Rheumatoid Arthritis Marital Status: Single Current Benefit Entitlement: Amount per week Income Support for incapacity £96.53 Disability Living Allowance (Low Rate Care, High Rate Mobility) £70.95 Housing Benefit Council Tax Benefit

27 Current Financial Impact: Housing Benefit £10 p.w. (£520 less per year) Future Financial Impact: Disability Living Allowance low rate care £19.55 (£1, less per year) Total loss in income per week £29.55 Total loss per year £1,536.66

28 Nothing About us, without us

29 Questions Please post your questions or comments in the online text box and we will select some of these for the presenters to discuss.

30 End of seminar Thank you for taking part To provide feedback please Next seminar is Monday 16 January on Getting Justice If you missed anything, you can watch or listen again by going to: d/seminar d/seminar

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