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Crime Chapter 8 Section 2
Crime Prohibited by law Punishable by the government
Demographics of Crime Men are more likely to be arrested More than 2/3 of all people arrested are white
African-American Crime Make up 12% of the population 30% of all arrests What assumptions can you make from this data?
Age and Crime Half of all arrests involve people under the age of 25 35 and younger account for 75% of all arrests
Problems with Crime Statistics Individuals less likely to report crime if it involves a family member or friend Police more likely to file charge when injured parties are of higher social class
Crime Chart Page 188
Violent Crime Murder, rape, robbery, assault Makes up small percentage of crimes African Americans are most common victims
Violent Crime Occurs every 22 seconds in the U.S. Assault every 35 seconds Rape every 5 minutes Murder every 33:54
Property Crimes Burglary, larceny, auto theft, arson More common than violent crimes Every 3 seconds in the U.S.
Victimless Crimes Prostitution, illegal gambling, drug use Considered victimless since it only harms the one committing the crime Often misleading
White Collar Crime Fraud, tax evasion, embezzlement, insider trading Committed by individuals of high social status
Organized Crime Professional criminals Use legitimate business as “fronts”
Criminal Justice System
Police Hold most control over who is arrested for a criminal act Police discretion
Police Discretion Size of population, number of criminal offenses, and number of full time police officers make it necessary for the police to employ discretion
Racial Profiling Practice of assuming that nonwhite Americans are more likely to commit crime than white Americans
Do two things: Determine innocence Assign punishment
Plea Bargaining Process of negotiation that allows an accused person to plead guilty to a lesser charge in return for a lighter sentence More than 90% of cases settled this way
Serves 4 functions Retribution, Deterrence, Rehabilitation, and Social Protection
Recidivism Term for repeated criminal behavior 62% of released prisoners will be charged with new crimes 41% will return to prison within 3 years of release
Criminal Justice Today
Crime Crime - any act prohibited by law and punishable by the government. Is it a crime to rob a bank? Is it a crime to refuse to help someone in distress?
CHAPTER 8 Deviance and Social Control
Any act that is labeled such by those in authority, prohibited by law
Chapter 16 Citizenship and the Law
Crime and Criminal Justice
Chapter 8 Section 2 CRIME.
Deviance and Social Control
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Chapter 6 Deviance, Crime, and Social Control. Chapter Outline Conformity and Deviance Sociological Theories About Deviance Crime Mental Illness.
Crime. What are the principle types of crime in the United States? What are the characteristics of the American criminal justice system?
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Crime Chapter 8 Section 2. Crime Prohibited by law Punishable by the government.
DeviancE and Crime.
Deviance, Crime and Social Control
CRIME CRIME – ANY ACT THAT IS LABELED AS SUCH BY THOSE IN AUTHORITY AND IS PROHIBITED BY LAW THERE CAN BE EXAMPLES IN WHICH ACTS ARE IMMORAL, BUT NOT.
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Chapter 8 - Deviance Deviance - violation of social norms **Society decides 2 components 1. Must be caught in deviant act 2. Stigma - mark that sets a.
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