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Question on page 30 Answer on page 29

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Presentation on theme: "Question on page 30 Answer on page 29"— Presentation transcript:

1 Question on page 30 Answer on page 29
QUICK WRITE Question on page 30 Answer on page 29 When you are thirsty, you need to drink something that is mostly water. Why is the water you drink absolutely necessary?

2 Class Norms Honor time limits Actively participate
Listen respectfully to your colleagues Place cell phones on vibrate or silent mode Participants may write burning questions on a sticky note and place on the parking lot BE PRESENT

3 Parking Lot Burning Issues Questions Comments Ideas to Share

4 Common Board Configuration
DATE: August 23-24, 2014 ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How do the unique properties of water allow life to exist on Earth? Objectives: Explain how the shape of water molecule contributes to its unique qualities. List and describe how each of the four properties of water make it essential for life on Earth. Home Learning: Finish pages 20, 21, and 23 in your ISN

5 Agenda Interactive Journal Review Setup Water Properties
Complete Water Activity in ISN Exit Ticket

6 Essential Question How do the unique properties of water allow life to exist on Earth?

7 Properties of Water
Rippling Water (Basic) Note: This video template is optimized for Microsoft PowerPoint 2010. In PowerPoint 2007, video elements will play, but any content overlapping the video bars will be covered by the video when in slideshow mode. In PowerPoint 2003, video will not play, but the poster frame of the videos will remain in place as static images. The video: Plays automatically after each slide transition. Is 15 seconds long. Seamlessly loops for infinite playback. To add slides or change layout: To add a new slide, on the Home tab, in the Slides group, click the arrow under New Slide, then click under Motion Background Theme, then select the desired layout. To change the layout of an existing slide, on the Home tab, in the Slides group, click Layout, then select the desired layout. Other animated elements: Any animated element you insert will begin after the slide transition and the background video has started. Layouts with video effects: The “(Green) Title and Content” and “(Purple) Title and Content” layouts are creating by using a color overlay on the video. With the video selected, under Video Tools, on the Format tab, in the Adjust group, select Color and choose Teal, Accent Color 6 Light (third row, seventh option from left) or Periwinkle, Accent Color 5 Light (third row, sixth option from left).

8 Covalent bonding Polar covalent bond – unequal sharing of electrons
A great example of a molecule with polar covalent bonds is water. Why is water considered polar? What is a partial positive and partial negative charge?

9 Covalent bonding vs. Hydrogen bonding

10 Universal Solvent Water is the solvent of Life!
Solute – substance dissolved in a solvent to form a solution Solvent – fluid that dissolves solutes Example: Ice Tea – water is the solvent and tea and sugar the solutes

11 Cohesion, Adhesion and Surface Tension
cohesion : water attracted to other water molecules because of polar properties adhesion : water attracted to other materials surface tension : water is pulled together creating the smallest surface area possible

12 Capillary Action Because water has both adhesive and cohesive properties, capillary action is present. Capillary Action = water’s adhesive property is the cause of capillary action. Water is attracted to some other material and then through cohesion, other water molecules move too as a result of the original adhesion. Ex: Think water in a straw Ex: Water moves through trees this way

13 High Heat Capacity In order to raise the temperature of water, the average molecular speed has to increase. It takes much more energy to raise the temperature of water compared to other solvents because hydrogen bonds hold the water molecules together! Water has a high heat capacity. “The specific heat is the amount of heat per unit mass required to raise the temperature by one degree Celsius.”

14 Density Water is less dense as a solid! This is because the hydrogen bonds are stable in ice – each molecule of water is bound to four of its neighbors. Solid – water molecules are bonded together – space between fixed Liquid – water molecules are constantly bonding and rebonding – space is always changing

15 So, can you name all of the properties of water?
Adhesion Cohesion Capillary action High surface tension Holds heat to regulate temperature (High heat capacity) Less dense as a solid than a liquid

16 Acids and Bases Strength compared using pH scale Ranges from 0 – 14
Logarithmic Scale (gets 10x bigger/smaller) Acid – donates H+ when added to aqueous solutions Ranges from pH 0-6.9 Base – breaks up into hydroxide (OH-) ions and another compound when placed in an aqueous solution Ranges from pH 7.1 – 14 Distilled water is pH 7.0 or neutral. Why? H2O H OH-


18 H2CO3 H+ + HCO3- Acids and Bases
Buffers – compounds used to maintain a contant pH within a system H2CO3 H HCO3- Carbonic acid bicarbonate ion

19 Acids and Bases

20 Making Biological Molecules
and H2O Condensation Reaction H2O Hydrolysis Reaction

21 Home learning

22 “Small, Yes, But Mighty: The Molecule Called Water” (http://www
Discussion Questions In what ways does life depend on water? What does the article suggest about life on other planets? How is water unusual for such a small molecule? How is a hydrogen bond different from the covalent bonds that connect each water molecule’s atoms? What properties of water can be directly attributed to the presence of hydrogen bonds between water molecules? What differences in molecular structure might cause water to form hydrogen bonds while hydrogen sulfide does not form such bonds? What conclusions can you draw about how lakes, oceans and the atmosphere would be affected if water had different freezing and boiling points? Why do you think it is often cooler in the summer in areas close to lakes and oceans than farther inland? How does this account for our attraction to watery destinations?

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