The Sniper and Short Story Review Short stories!
Types of Conflict External -Man v Man Rainsford Vs. General Zaroff, Mr. Nuttel vs. Vera, -Man v Nature Rainsford against the ocean when he is trying to swim ashore to survive -Man v Obstacle or Society Vera vs. the formality of British society Internal -Man v Himself Rainsford trying to keep his “nerve” not panic so he can survive.
Imagery n Main Purpose: details make the story more realistic n Allows the writer to make believable characters n Makes the reading strategy of visualization possible n Adds depth to the reader’s understanding (allusions, methaphors, similes) n Purpose
Word Choice (connected to concept of imagery) n Author’s choice of words n Author’s choice of words tell the reader: – – about the topic of the story. – –The words tell the reader the opinions of the author. – –The word choice may be formal or informal. Ex. “The Open Window”
Dialogue Rainsford is unable to respond to General Zaroff during the hunt. Rainsford is unable to respond to General Zaroff during the hunt. What does this one sided dialogue highlight? General Zaroff’s arrogance/confidence and Rainsford’s fear.
Types of Characters Main: Vera and Mr. Nuttel or Minor: Mrs. Sappleton Protagonist: Rainsford, Mr. Nuttel, the Sniper Antagonist: General Zaroff Round : Rainsford, Vera, the Sniper Flat: Whitney, Ivan, Mrs. Sappleton Dynamic: Rainsford, Vera, the Sniper Static: Gen. Zaroff, Mrs.Sappleton, Mr. Nuttel *Stereotypes=Stock Characters*
Setting= time and place -puts the reader in the story by giving the reader the feeling of being in the situation. -creates atmosphere by the positive or negative feelings with the place.The details contribute directly to the mood
Point of View or... (Who’s telling this story anyway?) -the vantage point from which the story is told. -determines how much we, the readers, know about the characters.
1st Person Narrator is a character in the story. Narrator uses first-person pronouns, I, me, my, we, us, our to refer to himself or herself. Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one character and speaks directly to reader.
3rd Person Limited “The Open Window” Narrator does not participate in action of story. Narrator does not refer to himself or herself. Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one character, but readers are able to maintain some emotional distance from the character.
3rd Person Omniscient “The Most Dangerous Game” Narrator does not participate in action of story. Narrator does not refer to himself or herself. Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all characters; readers get insight into several characters.
A symbol is a person, a place, an activity, or an object that stands for something beyond itself.
Theme In literature, theme is a perception about life or human nature that the writer wants to share with the reader. In most cases, the theme is not stated directly but must be inferred. Themes can be revealed by - a story’s title - key phrases and statements about big ideas - the ways the characters change and the lessons they learn about life.
Author’s Purpose n To inform To share information about a subject n To Persuade To convince the reader of something through the use of positive or negative details. n To entertain To tell a story for the express purpose of entertainment “The Open Window” “The Most Dangerous Game” n To express feelings To express the feelings of the author through direct or indirect commentary and description. “The Sniper”