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Information Literacy and Electronic your Library Markham Public Libraries Andrea Cecchetto Meg Kwasnicki.

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Presentation on theme: "Information Literacy and Electronic your Library Markham Public Libraries Andrea Cecchetto Meg Kwasnicki."— Presentation transcript:

1 Information Literacy and Electronic Resources @ your Library Markham Public Libraries Andrea Cecchetto Meg Kwasnicki

2 Session Outline Developing Information Literacy service @ the Public Library Different service groups K-8 and Teens Foundations for Information Literacy as a core service of the Public library

3 Markham Public Libraries Profile 6 Branches – 5 main branches – 1 neighborhood Growing suburban community – pop. 260,000 High mobility – New Canadian community

4 Developing IL: The Need I need a book on… –Pioneers –Canadas Trading partners –Prime Ministers –…etc… And we dont have any

5 Developing IL: The Need But Im not allowed to use the Internet! Databases are perceived as the Internet

6 Kids in the INFORMATION AGE are Googleized Blindly searching where everyone has searched before Developing IL: The Need

7 Developing IL: The Need - Teens Internet use is not restricted – teens prefer Google Still looking for print – but specifically print You can lead a horse to water…but you cant make it use the online databases

8 Developing IL: The Need - Reference Service Training - Professional knowledge in this area inconsistent E resource education complicated for a 5-10 min reference interview

9 Developing IL: The Need Information Literacy… …is bigger than unused E-resources

10 Research and Implementation

11 Task Force – Enormity of the topic Information Literacy Theory is Everywhere ACRL standards K-12 standards OSLA What about Dewey? OSLA K-12 Standards

12 Task Force – Enormity of the topic Boils down to 4 major themes 1.Access 2.Evaluation 3.Relevance/Use 4.Understanding/Application

13 Task Force –How to start? Dive in ? Build it Brick by Brick?

14 Teen Services – Past Attempts at Info Lit One-on-one tutorials –Effective communication but time intensive In house programming –Good facilities, easy for staff but attendance is a problem Classroom training –Poor absorption but captive audience

15 Initial Assumptions: teens and research 1.If teens can use Google, they will 2.They underestimate the importance of good research 3.They overestimate their own research skills 4.They are not aware of the online databases

16 The Horses Mouth: what the teens say Research Methods: #1 challenge – research methods (defining research topics, identifying key concepts, applying research to topic) Are not frustrated by research Claim to use variety of sources

17 Teen Survey Results cont Library use: Most use library; all have library card Likes: variety of books (23%); organization (18%); quiet (14%) Dislikes: time consuming (23%); materials unavailable/checked out (20%); dont know how to find info (15%) Basic library skills

18 Teen Survey Results cont Internet use: Teachers allow use Confident in quality of information – 63% Poor search skills - keyword searches, dependent on Google Do not know how to evaluate sites/determine quality of information

19 Teen Survey Results cont Online Databases: High awareness; many have tried the DB Ambivalent about DB – easy to use, found what they needed, dont like them Dislikes: irrelevant info; didnt understand how to use them; access Preferred training method: library class (19%)

20 Input from the TAG Need solutions on demand Willingness to learn/improve No incentive to improve research skills Get out to the schools

21 What the teachers have to say Majority dissatisfied with students research Research is important to 100% Student Weaknesses: Website evaluation; Poor web research skills; dependency on web Needs improvement: research beyond Google Any training would help; preferably in the library – if transportation isnt an issue

22 Our New Assumptions 1.Competition with Google is not the issue 2.Teens lack foundations of IL – problem is beyond search skills 3.Need new approach to Online database instruction/promotion 4.Need for flexible, user-centric solutions

23 Childrens services – Teacher Librarians Two focus groups elementary school Teacher Librarians York Region Catholic SB and York Region Public SB

24 Teacher Librarians - Questions –Focus in schools for electronic resource instruction –Levels and abilities of different grade levels –Facilities in schools for electronic resource instruction/ ability to come to the library –Role of the public library Information literacy instruction

25 eResource instruction in Schools eResource and Internet alternatives top concern TLs teach database use- schools or Public librarys Problematic – Resource inconsistency

26 TLs - Levels and Abilities K-12 Standards Designed by OSLA Mid level grades 3-5s specific and focused Intermediate level 6-8 - Database vs. Internet - –Abstract reasoning and evaluative skills

27 Levels and Abilities – Grades 3-5 Focus on a single application –logging in –Bookmarked lists –Single databases –Controlled searches Research skills –Narrowing topic –Synonyms and Keywords

28 Design cumulative curriculum over 4 weeks (1 hour/week) Concepts build on one another –Website evaluation –Search engine mechanics –Database use and search skills Levels and Abilities – Grades 6-8

29 Teacher Librarians - Interest with PL Instructional Success = Tie into assignments & Good Grades Awareness = Media tools and promotions from Public Library Ideal = have Information Literacy skills tied into curriculum

30 Solutions & Pilot Projects

31 Awareness - Media Posters – with Web Evaluation Criteria Bookmarks – with login description and database description Brochures – highlights only relevant databases

32 Poster

33 Bookmark HELP! I have a school Project. Use MPL Electronic databases! INFORMATION! YOUR TEACHER WILL APPROVE! Access to free Electronic magazines, newspapers, encyclopedias, photos, etc available from in the library or yourhome computer 24/7. E-Library Elementary Ebscohost Kids Search World Book Online LOGON TO: www.markhampubliclibraries

34 Bookmark Backside E-Library Elementary A child friendly database containing newspaper and magazine articles, video clips and photographs. Ebscohost-Kids Search Easy to use and graphically appealing database. Search by topic such as geography, music, sports, health, and arts, etc. World Book Online Search a wide variety of topics in this electronic encyclopedia.

35 Brochures For Children - Specific and directive – one per age level or database Screen captures, callouts and arrows, reduce text E.g. Click here for World book Click here for elibrary canada

36 Website Layout: Recommended Make database title and contents clear Minimize use of Clicks – choices make for confusion Task force to make recommendations for database access improvements

37 MPL Website- under construction We will put the kids databases on the kids website. The list is challenging – too much text for young users

38 Access issue –Host Databases Lists upon lists

39 We like it! Keep it Simple Whitby PL

40 Login is individual Here there is one obvious login to bring to one location

41 Application - Pilot Programmes Grade 3s – EBSCO Kids Search Grade 6s – Search engines, Web sites, Online Encyclopedias, Online Databases Grade 8s – Research skills, Search Engines & Websites, Database Searching

42 Grade 3s – Two Sessions Outreach Goals Goal introduce EBSCO Kids search Search using a single keyword Thinking of synonyms K-12 Guidelines select information from a range of electronic resources enter simple search words

43 Type your topic here! Click this for pictures only Kids Search – what it looks like

44 Synonym concept map DOG Canine Prairie dog Golden retriever

45 Grade 3s Successes Demonstration Guide to use Results = positive feedback from students Challenges Each had different terms Research Preparation (not enough) –Spelling –Concept development

46 Feedback from students & Teachers Positive responses: –Received expected results –Found interface intuitive –Thought they could teach it to other kids! Negative responses –Did not get expected results –Did not understand interface –Needed more practice

47 Grade 6s - Methodology K-12 Guidelines describe how information on specific Web sites is structured begin to search the Internet using single search engines retrieve information from databases Outreach Goals Introduce search engines Introduce website evaluation criteria Compare search engine quality Online encyclopedias Databases – controlled searching

48 World Book Online

49 Grade 6s - Three sessions Successes Web - evaluation only Focused practice - computers Activities on worksheets Database activities Challenges Security settings @ schools – lock out library databases Convincing that QUALITY is better than QUANTITY Tire of same message pretty quickly

50 Grade 8s – 3 sessions Used input from TL, teens & teachers to plan Five weeks with two classes, three sessions: –Introduction to research methods, library –Effective web-based research –Introduction to the online databases

51 Grade 8s – 3 sessions Week One: Intro to Research, Library Library orientation – catalogue, collections… Getting ready for research - concept mapping

52 Grade 8s – 3 sessions Week Two: Effective Web-based Research Web awareness Website evaluation criteria Understanding Google Efficient search strategies Hands on – practicing website evaluation

53 Grade 8s – 3 sessions Week Three: Intro to Online Databases How databases work Demonstrated different databases Worksheet: focused practice

54 Career Cruising

55 Info Literacy Project - Evaluation Feedback from Teachers: Partnership with the public library is important Good teaching method: combination lecture/hands-on Exposure to info is important

56 Info Literacy Project – The Pilot Programme Feedback from Students: Most useful parts: Research skills, online databases Web research not as highly received

57 Universal Feedback from Teachers Internet complicates research Students waste time searching the Internet –Yet they like it because it is fast and easy Demonstrating simplest tool even once is better than nothing at all E.g. World book online

58 Lessons Learned: before going to the class Students should be prepped on assignment, why you are there Younger grades- specific and detailed worksheets Test the technology in the classrooms

59 What next? Focus on Research skills Focus on Teachers – train or at least tell teachers about online databases System-wide communication & training

60 The Future – Vision for Public Libraries Partnering with schools to establish local Public Libraries as Research Experts IL as core service in public library Need to advocate for changes to databases

61 Questions? Andrea Cecchetto Meg Kwasnicki Party On, OLA! Slides AVAIL on OLA Web

62 Additional screen captures


64 Something better than the web? What is a Database? searches by keyword sorts by title/author sorts by subject

65 Controlled Vocabulary Each database only understands certain vocabulary only Depends on who created the database CareersJobs EmploymentProfessions






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