Presentation on theme: "ILS, the Next Generation: Modularity and Outward Integration Karen Calhoun OLA Super Conference Session 1412 February 2, 2007."— Presentation transcript:
ILS, the Next Generation: Modularity and Outward Integration Karen Calhoun OLA Super Conference Session 1412 February 2, 2007
February 2007 Calhoun2 Next Generation: Modularity ILSes should think in terms of linking rather than building Decoupling discovery and inventory management functions Standards E-resource management systems
February 2007 Calhoun3 What Did Users Say They Want? (2002) Faculty and students do more work and study away from campus Loyal to the library, but library is only one element in complex information structure Print still important, but almost half of undergraduates say they rely exclusively or almost exclusively on electronic materials Seamless linking from one information object to another is expected Fast forward to 2007: these trends many times stronger!
February 2007 Calhoun4 Toward a New Library Information Space Methods and tools Web-accessible lists + catalogs Federated searching Reference linking (OpenURL) Portals E-resource management systems Digital asset management systems Objectives Integrate access to all library resources (print, archives, digital, e-) Simplify digital and e- resource management (lower costs AND improve service) Become visible in the users environment (i.e., on open Web, on course pages, etc.)
February 2007 Calhoun5 Levels of Access Web-accessible lists Browsing Searching Both Online catalog (morphing) Federated searching Reference linking
February 2007 Calhoun6 Web-Accessible Lists (Database Driven, Searchable)
February 2007 Calhoun7 Catalog Records for E- Resources
February 2007 Calhoun8 Whats Federated Searching (Metasearch)? Helps users more easily discover what resources are available Provides searching of many resources at the same time Unifies search results Links search results to full text Authenticates and authorizes or blocks user access
February 2007 Calhoun9 Metasearch: whats missing Response time comparatively slow Practical limits to number of databases that can be: Configured for searching Searched at once Incomplete search results (also due to practical limits) Lack of control over what is returned in search result sets Order of search results displays not as useful as they should be Other limitations on what can (or cant) be displayed
February 2007 Calhoun10 Hope for Metasearch NISO Metasearch Initiative: http://www.niso.org/committees/MS_initiative.html Metasearch services rely on a variety of approaches to search and retrieval including open standards (such as NISO's Z39.50), proprietary API's, and screen scraping. However, the absence of widely supported standards, best practices, and tools makes the metasearch environment less efficient for the system provider, the content provider, and ultimately the end-user.
Google Scholar: Forget Metasearch? Find It At Cornell You can do this for articles too
February 2007 Calhoun12 Reference Linking Users expect fully linked information environment Partnerships between content providers, database producers, and library system vendors, utilities …
February 2007 Calhoun13 Limitations of Reference Linking Incomplete or inaccurate metadata from source; cant match knowledge base Knowledge base is incorrect or out of date Metadata alright but doesnt match target Varied application of citation standards; non-use of citation standards Library has full text for journal but not the volume/issue the user wants Full text availability lags behind citation availability And on and on Blake, Miriam and Frances Knudson. 2002. Metadata and reference linking. LCATS 26 (3): 219-230.
February 2007 Calhoun14 Prediction Of the two, OpenURL will be the core technology, not metasearch
The Portal Dream, Version 1: A Unifying System Model Other Libraries Catalogs Local Library Catalog Digital Collections Licensed Databases Other (e.g.,DSpace) Many diverse, separate interfaces Federated searching (metasearch) Authentication layer Unified Web Interface (Google-like)
February 2007 Calhoun16 But…Look From a Distance!
February 2007 Calhoun17 Outward Integration Integration should be outward rather than inward, with libraries seeking to use their components in new ways --Interviewee for LC report on future of the catalog
February 2007 Calhoun18 Longer Term Vision Switch users from where they find things to library- managed collections of all kinds Local catalog one link in a chain of services, one repository managed by the library More coherent and comprehensive scholarly information systems, perhaps by discipline Infrastructure to permit global discovery and delivery of information among open, loosely-coupled systems Critical mass of digitized publications and special collections online Many starting points on the Web leading to many types of scholarly information objects
February 2007 Calhoun19 Find It on Google,* Get It from My Library Open WorldCat, worldcat.org Google Scholar, Book Search Google Library Project Million Book Project Microsoft Live Search Books Open Content Alliance Amazon *The word "google" was first used in the 1927 Little Rascals silent film "Dog Heaven", used to refer to a having a drink of water. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_(verb) en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_(verb)
Cornell University Library Digital Collections Amazon/ BookSurge Acquisition The acquisition will allow Amazon to profitably market hard-to-find booksAmazon which can now be produced by BookSurge in quantities as low as one.press release
February 2007 Calhoun23 Intermediate Vision Shared OPACs: begin to aggregate discovery function for books, serials, and their e-counterparts Metasearch for e-journal articles Reference linking ubiquitous Draw on the local catalogs strongest suit: support for inventory control and delivery Larger scale collaboration on collection development/resource sharing, storage, preservation
February 2007 Calhoun24 Intermediate Vision, 2 Greater use of Web services to link in and out, tie applications together Start to build bigger scholarly information environmentswith libraries playing a roleto aggregate more of the expanding universe of scholarly digital assets Metadata and outreach skills = strategic assets
February 2007 Calhoun25 Intermediate Vision, 3 Beginning of the era of special collections Aggregate discovery of digital collections More emphasis on visual resources More collaboration with faculty on digital assets Rise of best practices for digital asset management Digital collection delivery platforms will continue to proliferate
February 2007 Calhoun26 Digital Collections Ralph, Julian. Canadas El Dorado. Harpers, Jan. 1891. Making of America Collection
February 2007 Calhoun28 Good Advice for Digital Librarians At this stage, no new effort should be undertaken without a sense of how it will be merged with other existing collections and where the resources for long-term maintenance will come from. A CUL digital projects librarian