Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace"— Presentation transcript:

1 Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace
Chapter 3 Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace

2 EEO EEO (Equal Employment Opportunity) – the condition in which all individuals have an equal chance for employment regardless of their race, color, religion, sex, disability, or national origin This “condition” is created through: Constitutional amendments Legislation Executive orders MGMT Chapter 3

3 Constitutional Amendments
Thirteenth Amendment Abolished Slavery Covers all individuals Enforced by courts Fourteenth Amendment Provides equal protection for all citizens and requires due process in state action Covers state actions MGMT Chapter 3

4 Legislation Civil Rights Act 1866 – granted all persons the same property and contract rights Civil Rights Act 1871 – granted all citizens the right to sue the federal government for deprivation of civil rights Used as the basis for recovering compensatory and punitive damages MGMT Chapter 3

5 Legislation Civil Rights Act 1964 – Title VII
Prohibits employers from discriminating based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin Applies to …. Organizations with 15 or more employees working 20 + weeks a year State & local governments, employment agencies or labor organizations Pregnancy Discrimination Act 1978 prohibits discrimination based on pregnancy and childbirth MGMT Chapter 3

6 Legislation Civil Rights Act 1991 – allowed for victims of intentional discrimination to be awarded compensatory and punitive damages MGMT Chapter 3

7 Legislation Equal Pay Act 1963
Requires that men and women performing equal jobs receive equal pay Equal defined in terms of skill, effort, responsibility and working conditions Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) 1967 Outlaws discrimination in employment decisions based on a person’s age being over 40 Intent to discriminate not required MGMT Chapter 3

8 Legislation Vocational Rehabilitation Act 1973
Affirmative action for individuals with disabilities Covers organizations receiving > $25,000 annually from the government Vietnam Era Veteran’s Readjustment Act 1974 Affirmative action toward employing Vietnam War veterans MGMT Chapter 3

9 Legislation Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990
A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, A record of having such an impairment, or Being regarded as having such an impairment MGMT Chapter 3

10 Disabilities Associated with Complaints Filed under ADA
MGMT Chapter 3

11 Executive Orders Executive order 11246 Executive order 11478
Prohibits federal contractors from discriminating based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin Requires affirmative action for firms receiving > $10,000 and a written plan for firms receiving > $50,000 Executive order 11478 Federal government cannot discriminate MGMT Chapter 3

12 Government’s Role in EEO
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) Created by CRA 1964 Enforces most EEO laws Receives and investigates complaints Issues guidelines Office of Federal Contract Compliance Enforces executive orders Affirmative action plans Utilization analysis Goals and timetables Action steps MGMT Chapter 3

13 Avoiding Discrimination
Disparate treatment Bono Fide Occupational Qualification (BFOQ) Disparate impact EEO Policy Affirmative action Reverse discrimination MGMT Chapter 3

14 Providing Reasonable Accommodations under ADA
MGMT Chapter 3

15 Sexual Harassment Refers to unwelcome sexual advances
Quid pro quo Hostile environment Applies to same-sex harassment, male to female, and female to male Prevention Develop explicit policy Training Prompt discipline when necessary MGMT Chapter 3

16 Occupational Safety and Health
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) Established and provided enforcement of occupational safety and health standards Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Inspects employers Applies safety and health standards Levies fines for violation MGMT Chapter 3

17 Occupational Safety and Health
General Duty Clause Employer must provide an employee with a safe place of employment Enforcement Checks records Takes a tour Employee interviews Discusses findings, notes violations MGMT Chapter 3

18 Occupational Safety and Health
Employee Rights Request and have representation at inspections Right-to-know laws Material safety data sheets Have employer violations posted Employee Responsibilities Follow OSHA safety rules and regulations Report hazardous conditions MGMT Chapter 3

19 Rates of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
MGMT Chapter 3

20 Reinforcing Safe Practices
To encourage safe behaviors employers should: Define how to work safely Reinforce the desired behavior Injury prevention Job analysis Written policies Safety training Protective gear Rewards and sanctions MGMT Chapter 3

Download ppt "Providing Equal Employment Opportunity and a Safe Workplace"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google