Presentation on theme: "Experiences with a vehicular cloud computing platform Jason Flinn, T.J. Giuli, and Brian Noble University of Michigan and Ford Motor Co."— Presentation transcript:
Experiences with a vehicular cloud computing platform Jason Flinn, T.J. Giuli, and Brian Noble University of Michigan and Ford Motor Co.
The Goal A senior-level course around emerging technologies: Vehicular sensors and interfaces Cloud storage and computation Widespread wireless connectivity Social networking platforms Partnership between Ford and Michigan Class called Cloud Computing in the Commute Jason Flinn
The Hardware Platform Ford research hacked up a Fiesta to include: 10.4 LCD color touch-screen x86 PC running Windows 7 Wireless connectivity via 3G mobile broadband Access via CAN bus to telematics, GPS, infotainment Jason Flinn
The software platform Integrated sensors via Microsoft Robotics Studio Also provided: Network access services Services for interfacing with social-networking sites Voice recognition, text-to-speech Deployed software via a virtual machine Allowed development without access to vehicle Included APIs for testing with location and sensor traces Minimized student time spent with configuration Porting to vehicle environment was surprisingly easy Jason Flinn
Green Ride Challenge Promotes ride sharing to save fuel, costs Structured as a game - earn points for transporting friends Real-time updates of who needs rides where Agreement protocol for arranging ride-share UI runs in browser Connectivity issues Back end is cloud DB Jason Flinn
FuelTracker Measure instantaneous fuel economy: Compare to previous economy at same location Compare to economy of others driving same route Leverage social aspects to share green-driving tips Paul Coldren, Clayton Willey, Petch Wannisorn, Amy Kuo Substantial back-end computation Cloud DB Web interface for complex stats Jason Flinn
CaravanTrack Helps co-ordinate a multi-vehicle road trip For each vehicle, shows location, fuel, status, etc. Later modified to use voice, steering wheel controls Collin Hockey, Sangmi Park, Joe Phillips, John Ciccone Simple structure DB backend Jason Flinn
Challenge: App participation required CaravanTrack aggregates sensing data from all vehicles Speed Fuel Stop preferences Jason Flinn
The Road Trip CaravanTrack team tested their application on a road trip Journey from MI to Maker Faire in CA. Four Fiestas – two with integrated platforms Sponsored by Ford American Journey 2.0 All ran CaravanTrack One vehicle (AJ the Fiesta) also ran social apps Connectivity was generally quite good (except in Nevada) Some unexpected benefits of CaravanTrack Jason Flinn
Lessons Learned: Network Connectivity Hosting interactions among vehicles in the cloud works well Can easily handle human speeds for social apps Connectivity usually sufficient on major roads However, bandwidth can be a critical issue Good performance needed for short, interactive msgs. For next time: Would like to bring Intentional Network to platform Allow background transfers w/o affecting interactive apps Utilize networks other than cellular when available Jason Flinn
Lessons Learned: Sensing Many interesting apps used vehicle as sensor platform Mostly limited to basic sensing: fuel, location, speed, etc. Sensor data often shared among vehicles Driver is also an excellent sensor However, substantially more sensors available: Steering, breaks, temperature, seat position, cell phone presence, engine performance data, cameras (internal and external), … Vehicle is a great platform for participatory sensing: Next time: add and enable more sensors Jason Flinn
Lessons Learned: UI still a Problem Designing for vehicular UI very challenging: Must minimize distraction by keeping drivers eyes on road No dialogs with timeouts All actions restartable Only one button per screen region (four corners) Use alternative modalities (voice, steering wheel controls) Helped a lot to have design student(s) on each team Many successful apps included a Web component: Complicated set-up done at a computer Simpler interface used in the vehicle More detailed information available later from PC. Jason Flinn
Thanks to… Timur Alperovich T.J. Giuli Brett Higgins Brian Noble Venkatesh Prasad Azarias Reda David Watson Jason Flinn
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.