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Programming a service Cloud Rosa M. Badia, Jorge Ejarque, Daniele Lezzi, Raul Sirvent, Enric Tejedor Grid Computing and Clusters Group Barcelona Supercomputing.

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Presentation on theme: "Programming a service Cloud Rosa M. Badia, Jorge Ejarque, Daniele Lezzi, Raul Sirvent, Enric Tejedor Grid Computing and Clusters Group Barcelona Supercomputing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Programming a service Cloud Rosa M. Badia, Jorge Ejarque, Daniele Lezzi, Raul Sirvent, Enric Tejedor Grid Computing and Clusters Group Barcelona Supercomputing Center Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010

2 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 Outline StarSs programming model COMPSs framework EMOTIVE Cloud COMPSs towards SOA and Clouds ServiceSs Conclusions 2

3 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010... for (i=0; i { "@context": "http://schema.org", "@type": "ImageObject", "contentUrl": "http://images.slideplayer.com/2/685468/slides/slide_3.jpg", "name": "Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010...", "description": "for (i=0; i

4 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 StarSs programming model GRIDSs, COMPSs Tailored for Grids or clusters Data dependence analysis based on files C/C++, Java SMPSs Tailored for SMPs or homogeneous multicores Altix, JS21 nodes, Power5, Intel-Core2 C or Fortran CellSs / GPUSs Tailored for Cell/B.E. processor / for GPUs C or Fortran NestedSs Hybrid approach that combines SMPSs and CellSs

5 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 COMPSs Componentised runtime Each component in charge of a functionality 5 Base technologies: Java as programming language ProActive: Reference implementation of the GCM model Used to build the components JavaGAT API that provides uniform access to different kinds of Grid middleware Used for job submission and file transfer

6 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 initialize(f1); for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) { genRandom(f2); add(f1, f2); } print(f2); Java application COMPSs Programming model – Application + interface public interface SumItf { @ClassName(example.Sum") @MethodConstraints(OSType = "Linux") void genRandom( @ParamMetadata(type = Type.FILE, direction = Direction.OUT) String f ); @ClassName(example.Sum")... } Task constraints Parameter metadata Implementation Java interface 6

7 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 Custom Java Class Loader Java app code COMPSs runtime Annotated interface Javassist inserts calls to Custom Loader uses input C/C++ app code COMPSs runtime Interface inserts calls to Stubs Generator input JNI

8 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 Runtime behavior Custom Loader Javassist initialize(f1); for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) { genRandom(f2); add(f1, f2); } print(f2); Annotated interface Java code T1 T3 T2T4 Grids Clusters Files

9 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 HMMPfam: sample COMPSs application HMMER: set of tools for protein sequence analysis Based on statistical Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) hmmpfam: tool to compare a sequence against a database of HMMs (protein families) Computationally intensive Embarassingly parallel HMMPfam: Java application that uses hmmpfam Query sequences / database segmentation Programmed in a totally sequential fashion Selection of remote methods using a separate Java interface hmmpfam computation, merging of results 9

10 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 HMMPfam – Annotated interface public interface HMMPfamItf { @ClassName("worker.hmmer.HMMPfamImpl") void hmmpfam( @ParamMetadata(type = Type.STRING, direction = Direction.IN) String hmmpfamBin, @ParamMetadata(type = Type.STRING, direction = Direction.IN) String commandLineArgs, @ParamMetadata(type = Type.FILE, direction = Direction.IN) String seqFile, @ParamMetadata(type = Type.FILE, direction = Direction.IN) String dbFile, @ParamMetadata(type = Type.FILE, direction = Direction.OUT) String resultFile ); @ClassName("worker.hmmer.HMMPfamImpl") void mergeSameSeq( @ParamMetadata(type = Type.FILE, direction = Direction.INOUT) String resultFile1, @ParamMetadata(type = Type.FILE, direction = Direction.IN) String resultFile2, @ParamMetadata(type = Type.INT, direction = Direction.IN) int aLimit ); @ClassName("worker.hmmer.HMMPfamImpl") void mergeSameDB( @ParamMetadata(type = Type.FILE, direction = Direction.INOUT) String resultFile1, @ParamMetadata(type = Type.FILE, direction = Direction.IN) String resultFile2 ); } 10

11 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 HMMPfam – Main program public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception { split(fSeq, fDB, seqFrags, dbFrags); // Segment the query sequences file, the database file or both (done sequentially) for (String dbFrag : dbFrags) { //Launch hmmpfam for each pair of seq - db fragments for (String seqFrag : seqFrags) { HMMPfamImpl.hmmpfam(hmmpfamBin, finalArgs, seqFrag, dbFrag, output); seqNum++; } dbNum++; } while (outputs.size() > 1) { ListIterator li = outputs.listIterator(); while (li.hasNext()) { String firstOutput = li.next(); String secondOutput = li.hasNext() ? li.next() : null; if (secondOutput == null) break; if (sameSeqFragment(firstOutput, secondOutput)) // Merge output fragments of different db fragments (must take care when merging) HMMPfamImpl.mergeSameSeq(firstOutput, secondOutput, clArgs.getALimit()); else if (sameDBFragment(firstOutput, secondOutput)) // Merge output fragments of different sequence fragments (basically appending one to another) HMMPfamImpl.mergeSameDB(firstOutput, secondOutput); else // Avoid merging two output fragments of different sequence and db fragments li.previous(); } 11

12 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 HMMPfam – Tasks public static void hmmpfam(String hmmpfamBin, String commandLineArgs, String seqFile, String dbFile, String resultFile) throws Exception { String cmd = hmmpfamBin + " " + commandLineArgs + " + dbFile + " " + seqFile; // Execute command line Process hmmpfamProc = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd); // Check the proper finalization of the process int exitValue = hmmpfamProc.waitFor(); if (exitValue != 0) { throw new Exception(Exit value for hmmpfam is + exitValue); } public static void mergeSameSeq(String resultFile1, String resultFile2, int aLimit) throws Exception {... } 12

13 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 HMMPfam 13

14 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 HMMPfam performance 14

15 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 HMMPfam – EBI runs European Bioinformatics Institute used HMMPfam in productions runs ELIXIR project, tests on the MareNostrum supercomputer 7.500.000 protein sequences, divided in 150 files with 50.000 sequences each TIGRFAM database, containing 3418 models (HMMs) 150 jobs submitted (i.e. COMPSs-HMMPfam executions), one for each input sequences file 12 hours of execution time per job, approximately 64 worker processors per job + 4 processors for the master 15

16 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 EMOTIVE CLOUD EMOTIVE CLOUD – Barcelona Elastic Management of Tasks for Virtualized Environments in the CLOUD – is an open-source software infrastructure for implementing 'cloud computing' on clusters. (recently released v 1.0) – is an open source collaborative software development project dedicated to providing an extensible, standards-based platform to address a broad range of needs in the resource management development space

17 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 EMOTIVE Cloud Scheduler Selects where to execute a task Virtualized Resource Management and Monitoring VM lifecycle management Creation of VMs VM monitoring VM destruction Data management Migration Checkpointing Data infrastructure Distributed file system EMOTIVE architecture: three different layers

18 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 SERA scheduler: SRLM and ERA SRLM Receives customer requests: job execution Negotiates the allocation with the resource agents Selects the resources which match with the job requests Receives from ERA scheduling proposals to selected resources Decides which is the best proposal Manages Execution Lifecycle Monitorizes the execution, recovers in case of failure, tries to improve the execution ERA Perform scheduling proposals Find schedules for the job requests using the semantic information of the resource descriptions and the provider rules Interacts with the different resources Resources reservation Creates VM for the execution Submits the jobs on the selected resources ERA SRLM Semantic Scheduler Resource Manager Resources

19 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 Integration in a Service-Oriented and Cloud infrastructure Goal: moving the COMPSs runtime from the client side to a server SOA platform Characteristics of this environment: Execution of application tasks offered as services N applications can be served simultaneously Several COMPSs can be deployed, to serve the tasks from one or more applications Resource provisioning brought by a Cloud 19

20 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 COMPSs and EMOTIVE Cloud – Step 1 VM1 VMn VM2 1.Existing pool of EMOTIVE VMs 2.COMPSs executes tasks on these VMS

21 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 COMPSs and EMOTIVE Cloud – Step 2 VM1 VMn VM2 1.The Task Scheduler requests SERA a pool of VMs 2.COMPSs executes tasks on these VMS 3.COMPSs requests the creation of more or bigger VMs (memory, CPU, etc) VMn+1

22 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 ServiceSs envisioned architecture 22 COMPSs API Java App WS Container Runtime Manager COMPSs runtime instance 1 Cloud Scheduler COMPSs runtime instance N Worker VM 1 Worker VM 1 Worker VM 1 Worker VM M COMPSs Application Side Java App Java App Cloud WS Container User Side App WS Container WS Container Worker VM 1 External WS Worker

23 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 Conclusions COMPSs is platform unaware programming model that simplifies the development of applications in distributed environments Transparent data managemet, task execution Parallelization at task level Independent of platform: clusters, grids, clouds COMPSs evolution on top of SERA and EMOTIVE cloud will enable the execution on federated clouds SERA is already able to submit jobs to EC2 Further evolution of COMPSs towards ServiceSs to enable the composition of services Graphical IDE to help deployment of services and development of applications Evolved runtime to support new features

24 Cloud Futures Workshop, Redmond, WA, 8-9 April 2010 www.bsc.es/grid www.emotivecloud.net


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