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©Gordon Bell Microsoft The Home Digital Multimedia Network "The PC is going to be the place where you store the information and really the center of control - Bill Gates CES 1/2001 Gordon Bell Microsoft Research Gbell@microsoft.com www.research.microsoft.com/~gbell
©Gordon Bell Microsoft The Home Digital Multimedia Network Vision: All digital content. IP on everything. Vision: All digital content. IP on everything. All listening/viewing stations will be digital. All listening/viewing stations will be digital. In the 10+year, short-term, Digital Transformers convert IP to legacy analog devices. In the 10+year, short-term, Digital Transformers convert IP to legacy analog devices. Today Digital Transformers = computers! Today Digital Transformers = computers!
Peripherals Screen devices Gaming Stereo TV TV Digital photos The Connected Home DSL-TELCO SATELLITE TERRESTRIAL DIGITAL CABLE
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Home Networks: PC-based service Home IP network CATV Dist Rec/ AMP X* C.srv Monitor TVset HDTV Tuner CATV Network Servers: Hold & deliver audio, photos, video Encode TV content Computers: Control, get content from web, servers Monitors: HDTV TV-sets: receive encoded & CATV content C* = computer. X = digital transformer. DSL, etc. input broadcast Spkr X*
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Home media network with Digital Transformers…
©Gordon Bell Microsoft A Digital Transformer for Audio: Gateways Connected Home Audio Player
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Existing Home Entertainment Centers
©Gordon Bell Microsoft The Black PC aka DHEC: Digital Home Entertainment Center
ACTIVY Media Center One H/W for multiple functions Reduces the number of devices, remotes and wires around the TV
©Gordon Bell Microsoft PC Architected Entertainment Appliances Up-market home theater styling Up-market home theater styling Quiet fan and Hard Disk Quiet fan and Hard Disk No messy wiring No messy wiring No floppy (and hide give-away PC traits) No floppy (and hide give-away PC traits) Uncompromised video quality, (eg good de-interlacing) Uncompromised video quality, (eg good de-interlacing) Premium TV receiver modules (eg Premium Satellite) Premium TV receiver modules (eg Premium Satellite) Hardware digital compression of analog TV Hardware digital compression of analog TV DVI connection to HD display (optimally 1024x768 or 1280x720) DVI connection to HD display (optimally 1024x768 or 1280x720) High quality downscaling TV-out for existing legacy TV High quality downscaling TV-out for existing legacy TV Always available (through advanced power management) Always available (through advanced power management) Incremental purchasing (1394 & USB modules) Incremental purchasing (1394 & USB modules) Recordable DVD, timeshifting HD, more TV receiver modules Recordable DVD, timeshifting HD, more TV receiver modules Expandability (1394 & USB module expansion enclosure) Expandability (1394 & USB module expansion enclosure) Fast Ethernet & adapters for other home network types Fast Ethernet & adapters for other home network types Range of remote control options (include cursor control) Range of remote control options (include cursor control) BlueTooth: Basic remote, wireless keyboard, PocketPC/TabletPC BlueTooth: Basic remote, wireless keyboard, PocketPC/TabletPC Legacy equipment control Legacy equipment control S/P-DIF, then 1394 active speakers S/P-DIF, then 1394 active speakers
©Gordon Bell Microsoft PC Architected Entertainment Appliance Single remote control Single remote control Easy to use, just pick an entertainment Easy to use, just pick an entertainment Always on ready to entertain Always on ready to entertain PC architecture hidden inside running Whistler (But consumer need not know) PC architecture hidden inside running Whistler (But consumer need not know) Only does entertainments, not general PC activities Only does entertainments, not general PC activities Seamlessly mixes TV and the Web Seamlessly mixes TV and the Web Incremental purchasing model enabled, eg device bay Incremental purchasing model enabled, eg device bay Microsoft TV Technologies in Whistler provides extensive enhanced TV capabilities Microsoft TV Technologies in Whistler provides extensive enhanced TV capabilities Range of 1394/USB receiver modules for premium TV Range of 1394/USB receiver modules for premium TV Forms the gateway server for the video home network Forms the gateway server for the video home network Provides a wide range of rich entertainments in your living room Dave Marsh, Microsoft alias: Media Center alias: Gateway Server alias: Media Server alias: eHome Appliance
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Table of Interactivity, Media, and Technolgy Utility/ Media Ambiance (just being there) Entertainment; & Education Communication at a distance Interaction Text Books >> ebooks; newspapers Fax >> email; chat AudioCDs, radio>> Ripped CDs, MP3, Internet Radio Internet RadioTelephone >> IP telephony; voice chat Live performances> > Net jam sessions VisualArt, photos>> TV Screen savers… art, photos, posters, video Web cams tele-places Audio/ Visual MTV >>MTV (digital) discovery channel >> tele-learning Life-size videophone. Tele-meetings & tele-conferences Games>> local & group games, Web
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Content for future home entertainment center Content from nets and CyberAll TV content (ala TiVo) TV content (ala TiVo) WWW (pages, mail, etc.) WWW (pages, mail, etc.) Personal Photos Personal Photos Art (TV-set screen savers) Art (TV-set screen savers) Personal videos Personal videos Internet radio and ripped CD audio Internet radio and ripped CD audio Virtual window (train ride, concerts, MTV) Virtual window (train ride, concerts, MTV)
©Gordon Bell Microsoft If, therefore, the happiness of an individual, like that of a nation, may be taken to vary inversely with the materials afforded by them to the biographer or the historian, Adam Smith may be considered to have attained no mean degree of human felicity. From his ideal of life, political ambition and greatness were altogether excluded; it was his creed that happiness was equal in every lot, and that contentment alone was necessary to ensure it. "What," he asks, "can be added to the happiness of the man who is in health, who is out of debt, and has a clear conscience?" To this simple standard, Reading in bed on Plasma Panel
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Art
Caneel Bay Vacation Jan. 1998 Gordon, Gwen, Brig, Pam, Fiona, Bob, Laura and Kolbe
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Talking Head Telepresentation with slides on 48 TV
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Train ride…
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Mitsubishi 42 TV set driven from a PC
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Cyber All, a 1 Tbyte, lifetime PC: Cyberizing everything… Ive written, said, presented (incl. video), photos of physical objects & a few things Ive read, heard, seen
©Gordon Bell Microsoft "The PC is going to be the place where you store the information and really the center of control Billg 1/7/2001 Cyberall is an on-going project to cyberize all of personal bits! Memory recall of books, CDs, communication, papers, photos, video Memory recall of books, CDs, communication, papers, photos, video Photos of physical object collections Photos of physical object collections Elimination of all physical stores & objects Elimination of all physical stores & objects Content source for media display: ambiance, entertainment, communication, interaction Content source for media display: ambiance, entertainment, communication, interaction Goal: to understand the 1 TByte PC: need, utility, cost, feasibility and tools.
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Music 6.0 GB 1.5K files 150 CDs Working 2.0 GB 130 folders 1.9K files Archive 3.5 GB 340 folders 12.3K files Video 2.6 GB 10 hours Low res Books 25 MB 1K files/book 14 GB (by size) Files (by number).doc 500 325.jpg 120.gif.xls 140 180.pdf.pst (500 MB) 3 310.ppt.xls 120 4900.jpg.doc 4100.pdf 210.ppt 250.tif 470 CyberAll Jan. 2000
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Imagine the killer app for: The One Tbyte, Lifetime, PC CyberAll convinces me of a lifetime memory! CyberAll convinces me of a lifetime memory! Epaper is a great addition to the vision! T he most significant Office addition since HTML. Epaper is a great addition to the vision! T he most significant Office addition since HTML. Technology to support the vision: Technology to support the vision: 1.Guarantee that data will live forever! 2.A single index that includes mail, conversations, web accesses, and books! 3.E-book…e-magazines reach critical mass! 4.Telephony and audio capture are needed 5.Photo & video index serving 6.More meta-information … Office, photos 7.Lots of GUI to improve ease-of-use
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Tools, time, and cost Scanners: HP Digital Sender, flat beds with ADF, HP photo; fast one to come Scanners: HP Digital Sender, flat beds with ADF, HP photo; fast one to come Photos: $1 or 0.5-5 min. Large posters: ~ 1-5 hr. Artifacts: ~ 10 min. including photo Photos: $1 or 0.5-5 min. Large posters: ~ 1-5 hr. Artifacts: ~ 10 min. including photo Scanning to TIF, PDF: <1 min/page Scanning to TIF, PDF: <1 min/page OCR: for E-Paper or PDF: ~3 pages/min OCR: for E-Paper or PDF: ~3 pages/min OCR: for editing 10 min/page! OCR: for editing 10 min/page! Books: scanned at CMU ($100/book) Books: scanned at CMU ($100/book)
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Tools Acrobat*, Paperport* 6, Omnipage 10 Acrobat*, Paperport* 6, Omnipage 10 Indexing Service & Enfish (indexer/search) Indexing Service & Enfish (indexer/search) Conversion of DEC 8 floppies Conversion of DEC 8 floppies Doubles to reduce redundancies Doubles to reduce redundancies * Microsoft epaper can replace these!
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Storing all weve read, heard, & seen Human data-types /hr/day (/4yr)/lifetime read text, few pictures200 K 2 -10 M/G60-300 G speech text @120wpm 43 K 0.5 M/G 15 G speech @1KBps 3.6 M 40 M/G1.2 T stills w/voice @100KB 200 K2 M/G60 G video-like 50Kb/s POTS 22 M.25 G/T 25 T video 200Kb/s VHS-lite 90 M1 G/T100 T video 4.3Mb/s HDTV/DVD 1.8 G20 G/T 1 P
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Character of Cyber All Use User Context / Timelines Personal (including financial) Professional (work related) Archival Working
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Character of Cyber All Use User Context / Timelines Personal (ambiance, entertainment, finance) Professional (work related) Archival (historical reference) Documents, photos and photo albums, music, video memory-aid, entertainment, medical history, progeny Books, papers, reference documents memory-aid and reference Working (daily use) Documents, email, photos, CDs, video ambiance,entertainment communication, finance and work Documents, email content for profession use to communicate, and work
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Connecting computers to receivers, TV sets and/or large monitors TANSTAAFL* for wiring, monitors, computers * There aint no such thing as a free lunch! TANSTAAFL* for wiring, monitors, computers * There aint no such thing as a free lunch! CAT5+ @100-10K Mbps is the best, fungible audio, telephony, IP, and video net. CATV is still required, but need not be with the right device! CAT5+ @100-10K Mbps is the best, fungible audio, telephony, IP, and video net. CATV is still required, but need not be with the right device! Computer & HDTV monitors replace TV sets TV sets: unacceptable for browsing & mail… fixable Computer & HDTV monitors replace TV sets TV sets: unacceptable for browsing & mail… fixable Every viewing or listening place requires a computer or digital transformer for control and Digital to legacy analog (radio mouse gives location flexibility) Every viewing or listening place requires a computer or digital transformer for control and Digital to legacy analog (radio mouse gives location flexibility)
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Gordons wiring closet for: 3 studies and 3 viewing/listening sites. DSL & Cable Modems: DSL 0.9 vs Cable.001 802.11b transceiver Siemens 2 line phone transceiver Fax switcher for line sharing Sonicbox firewall 100 Mb Ethernet switch, patch panel, and punchdown for 4 lines 20 min. brown out battery backup House Alarm Not shown: CATV distribution Love power hogs
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Wires and radio networks for in home NetworkSchemeData-rateAdvantageDisadvantage CAT5+4 Twisted pr. 1GbpsSeparate wiring; low cost; easy install. Telco compatible. Fungible wiring. New wiring. Useful for audio and composite video. Inability to transmit CATV. CATVR6U Co-ax1 GHz (150 6 MHz chs.) Exists for TV sets; could also serve IP throughout the home RF analog; no digital Telephone2-4 Tel. pr.10 MbpsUses existing wiringQuestionable data-rate PowerAC Power?Uses existing wiringUnproven; safety 1394 Distance, lack of protocols 802.11bRadio LAN11 GbpsNo wiresCrowded spectrum, speed 802.11aRadio LAN50 Gbps Bluetooth 1. Mbps Short distance, speed Home RF 1 Mbps Low speed Fiber1394, SPDIF, etc. Speed.Install. skill; lack of home net equipment
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Digital all the way! Dont bother with TV sets if you want to utilize the screens for anything but TV content CATV Dist. Set top Computer Hi Res. Computer Monitor SVGA… etc. 5-10 Cable
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Computer to Television Alternatives* Display Display Hi-res. monitors with CATV/set-top input … we MUST replace the TV set with a hi-res. monitor Hi-res. monitors with CATV/set-top input … we MUST replace the TV set with a hi-res. monitor Television sets, but inadequate for browsing, mail Television sets, but inadequate for browsing, mail Source (computer to composite | S-video) Source (computer to composite | S-video) Video card Video card SVGA to composite scan converter SVGA to composite scan converter Portable with video output…(unacceptable quality) Portable with video output…(unacceptable quality) Distribution to one TV set Distribution to one TV set Composite | S-video limited to 10-50 Composite | S-video limited to 10-50 Transformer coupling using CAT5 for long distance Transformer coupling using CAT5 for long distance Distribution to multiple TV sets Distribution to multiple TV sets 2.9 GHz radio link is of no use 2.9 GHz radio link is of no use CATV links using RF channel CATV links using RF channel * 1+ 2 x 4 alts!
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Alternatives for connecting computers to legacy TV sets Scan Conv V card ComputerTV Set Balun xVGA Portable Computer Video out CATV Dist. Set top 2.4 Ghz Mod. Cable Radio CAT5 Compos.|S-Video CATV cable 3 Source alts. 4 Distribution alts.
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Media Center meets MyLifeBits to go home "The PC is going to be the place where you store the information … really the center of.
©Gordon Bell Microsoft Issues in Home Media Networks Media Center meets MyLifeBits at home "The PC is going to be the place where you store the information.
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