Presentation on theme: ". Introduction to the Gender Analysis Framework. Contribution of Gender Analysis to Health Programs For Groups and Individuals: l Risks and exposures."— Presentation transcript:
Contribution of Gender Analysis to Health Programs For Groups and Individuals: l Risks and exposures l Occurrence, severity, and frequency of disease l Social and cultural responses to disease, sexuality, and reproduction l Access to health resources l Capacity to exercise rights
Contribution of Gender Analysis to Health Programs For the Health System: l Responses of the health sector l Allocation and distribution of resources l Distribution of responsibilities and power among different categories of health workers l Impact of policies
Two Fundamental Questions How will gender relations affect the achievement of sustainable results?How will gender relations affect the achievement of sustainable results? How will proposed results affect the relative status of men and women?How will proposed results affect the relative status of men and women?
Access to Assets Knowledge, Beliefs, and Perceptions Practices and Participation Space and Time Legal Rights and Status Power Activity Domains for Gender Analysis
Access to: l Resources l Income l Services l Employment l Information l Benefits The capacity to use the resources necessary to be a fully active and productive (socially, economically and politically) participant in society. Access to Assets
Knowledge, Beliefs, and Perceptions l l Types of Knowledge that men and women are privy toWho knows what l l Beliefs (ideology) that shape gender identities and behavior, and how men and women and boys and girls conduct their daily lives l l Perceptions that guide how people interpret aspects of their lives differently depending on their gender identity.
Practices and Participation Gender structures peoples behaviors and actions --what they do-- and the way they engage in Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS (or other development) activities. Activities Meetings Political Processes Services Training Courses Participation in:
Time and Space Time and Space Gender affects how people use time: n Time Allocation n Time Availability n Division of labor Gender affects where in the landscape people spend their time n Where women and men (girls and boys) work n Where women and men (boys and girls) socialize
Legal Rights and Status Refers to how gender affects the way people are regarded and treated by both customary law and the formal legal code and judicial system. Rights to: Ownership and Inheritance Ownership and Inheritance Legal Documents Legal Documents identity cards property titles voter registration Reproductive Choice Reproductive Choice Representation Representation Due process Due process
Power l Ones body l Children l Affairs of the household, community, municipality, and state and state l The use of individual economic resources and income l Choice of employment l Voting, running for office, and legislating l Entering into legal contracts l Moving about and associating with others Gender norms and relations influence peoples ability to freely decide, influence, control, enforce, and to engage in collective actions. To Exercise decisions about:
Gender-based Constraints and Opportunities Gender-based Constraints and Opportunities l Gender-based constraints are factors that inhibit mens or womens access to resources, behavior and participation, time use, mobility, rights, and exercise of power based on their gender identity. l Gender-based opportunities are structural and institutional factors that facilitate womens and mens equitable access to resources, behavior and participation, time use, mobility, rights, and exercise of power
STEP 1:DIRECTIONS l In Table 1 write down information you find in the case study on your assigned domain l Share your findings with other people at your table and decide on what is the most important information on gender for your assigned domain. l Together formulate 2-3 questions pertaining to information (within your assigned domain) that you need to know but do not find in the case study.
STEP 2 Directions: l Follow the directions under STEP 1 for your own project or one selected by one of your group mates l Take the information that you identified in Table 1 and try to analyze the implications of that information using the categories in Table 2. l Identify gender-based constraints and opportunities l Try to answer the ADS questions l Identify activities that may overcome the constraints or take advantage of the opportunities
Examples of Key Questions Look on page 3 of your hand-out to guide your analysis of key gender-based constraints and opportunities.