2Search for this..‘Old Faithful’ – What is it? How does it work? Watch a YouTube video with sound on.‘Sulphur Caldron’ – Find a picture, study it carefully and tell me why you would not want to go for a dip (swim) in it.
3Supervolcanoes March 27, 2017 Today we are learning to…. Determine a conclusion on possible effects and responses of a super eruptionExplain the difference between a supervolcano and a volcano
6Supervolcanoes: What do you know? Intro...Supervolcanoes: What do you know?Discuss/Predict what you think a super eruption would be like....How far do you think it would travel?How large?How many people could be killed?What other effects would it have?Why would it be so life changing?
7Locations...Even Ancient ones in Glencoe, Scotland & Scafell in Lake District!USA – Yellowstone,Wyoming;Long Valley, California;Longridge, OregonSiberia, RussiaKyushu, JapanToba, Sumatra, IndonesiaNew Zealand
12The Caldera left behind... Paris would just about fit inside here.
13Indicates how the hotspot has shifted due to plate movement...
14Toba – the last supervolcanic eruption... The last super-eruption plunged the world into a freezing, volcanic winter that lasted a decade, and threatened the human population with extinction.While ordinary volcanoes can kill thousands of people and destroy entire cities, it's thought a supervolcano could claim at least 1 billion lives and devastate continents.
17The size of thearea affected could be 10 milliontimes the size of ‘Ground Zero’in New York from 9/11The world populationis currently 6.4bnYour Challenge...At the end of the lesson you need to explain your predictions of the effects in the world a year after the eruption.You must have:An annotated world map showing where you think people will die, and where humanity could survive. It needs a key and detailed annotations of the possible effects of the Yellowstone super-eruption. Be as precise as possible using accurate figures for deaths and how countries have been affected.An action plan for planet. Explain where you think survivors should live, how they will support themselves, and what form their lives would take. Consider jobs, housing, health, education, food as a starting point.Possible problems that could prevent your plans from working. Think about America’s relationship with other countries, and the problems that a ‘global community’ might face. Consider the effects of Migration, Food Shortage, Language Barriers, Culture Clashes and possible unrest/war.How to start..Use the evidence board as a starting point for your research. Roughly annotate a world map to highlight affected areas.Research issues that you think would give you a detailed analysis of the effects of a super-eruption. You will need to know the population of different countries,but also you may need to link to agriculture, weather and climate and political issues.Yellowstone
18The roles within the challenge… You are working for United States ‘Federal Emergency Management Agency’ (FEMA) to make plans to deal with the effect of a possible eruption at Yellowstone.FEMA have asked for the following expert Geographers to work with them…Climatologist (British MET Office)Vulcanologist (Yellowstone Supervolcano Observatory)Aid Agency (Red Cross/Oxfam)
19Just in….Latest Updates…. 90% of the people killed within 1000kmDirect eruption likely to cover ¾ of the North AmericaMost of sunlight reduced in northern hemisphere & triggered rainfall in AfricaMost deaths by inhaled ash turning to cementEast coast of USA has 1 cm depth of ashCommunication links disrupted all over USA, Europe and parts of East Asia30cm can crush a roof – potentially 10 times this amount in certain areasKilling crops & contaminating water supplies